Gerald Henry Summers

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Colonel Sir
Gerald Henry Summers
Commissioner of British Somaliland
In office
17 August 1922 – 29 November 1925
Preceded by Geoffrey Francis Archer
Succeeded by Harold Baxter Kittermaster
Personal details
Born 12 October 1885
Danehill, Sussex
Died 29 November 1925(1925-11-29) (aged 40)
Horam, Sussex[1]

Sir Gerald Henry Summers KCMG (12 October 1885 – 29 November 1925) was a British army officer and colonial administrator.


Gerald Henry Summers was born on 12 October 1885. He was educated at Bradfield College and the Royal Military College, Sandhurst. In 1904, he entered the army, and served with the Royal Sussex Regiment, the 93rd Burma Infantry and the 26th King George’s Own Light Cavalry.[2]

Summers joined the Indian contingent of the King's African Rifles in Somaliland in 1912. He fought with gallantry against a Dervish force in the battle of Dul Madoba in August 1913, when he was severely injured three times.[1][2] In 1920, in an action planned by the Governor Geoffrey Francis Archer and carried out by Lieutenant Colonel Summers, almost the whole Dervish force was destroyed. Their leader Mohammed Abdullah Hassan, known as the "Mad Mullah" to the British, fled to Abyssinian Somaliland, where, at the town of Imi, he died in January 1921.[3]

He was made a Companion of the Order of St Michael and St George in 1920 and a Knight Commander of the same order in the 1925 Birthday Honours.

On 17 August 1922, Summers was appointed Governor of British Somaliland, holding office until his death.

Family and death[edit]

In 1916, Summers married 1916, Margaret Frances Troath, daughter of Lieutenant-Colonel Thomas Swinburne. They had one son and one daughter.[1]

In November 1925, Summers died in Sussex of the injuries sustained in 1913.[1][2]


  1. ^ a b c d "Obituary: Sir Gerald Summers". The Times. The Times Digital Archive. 1 December 1925. p. 16. 
  2. ^ a b c "Obituary: Colonel Sir Gerald Henry Summers, K.C.M.G". The Geographical Journal. 67 (2). Feb 1926. JSTOR 1783169. 
  3. ^ James Louis Garvin; Franklin Henry Hooper; Warren E. Cox, eds. (1929). The Encyclopædia Britannica, Volume 20 (14 ed.). The Encyclopædia Britannica Company, ltd. p. 968.