Gerald J. Wasserburg
|Gerald J Wasserburg|
|Born||Gerald Joseph Wasserburg
March 25, 1927
New Brunswick, New Jersey, USA
|Died||June 13, 2016(aged 89)|
|Alma mater||University of Chicago|
|Doctoral advisor||Harold C. Urey and Mark Inghram|
|Notable awards||Arthur L. Day Medal (1970)
NASA Distinguished Public Service Medal (1972 and twice 1978)
V. M. Goldschmidt Award (1978)
Wollaston Medal (1985)
Crafoord Prize (1986)
Gold Medal of the Royal Astronomical Society (1991)
William Bowie Medal (2008)
Gerald J. Wasserburg (March 25, 1927 – June 13, 2016) was an American geologist. At the time of his death, he was the John D. MacArthur Professor of Geology and Geophysics, Emeritus, at the California Institute of Technology. He was known for his work in the fields of isotope geochemistry, cosmochemistry, meteoritics, and astrophysics.
After leaving the US army, where he received the Combat Infantryman Badge, he graduated from high school and attended college on the G.I. Bill. Wasserburg completed his Ph.D. from the University of Chicago in 1954, with a thesis on the development of K–Ar dating, done under the sponsorship of Prof. H. C. Urey and Prof M. G. Inghram. He joined the faculty at Caltech in 1955 as Assistant Professor. He became Associate Professor in 1959 and Professor of Geology and Geophysics in 1962. In 1982 he became the John D. MacArthur Professor of Geology and Geophysics; he retired in 2001. He, Typhoon Lee and D.A. Papanastassiou discovered the presence of short-lived radioactive 26Al in the early solar system and short-lived 107Pd with William R. Kelly.
Wasserburg was deeply involved in the Apollo Program with the returned Lunar samples, including being a member of the so-called "Four Horsemen", along with Bob Walker, Jim Arnold, and Paul Werner Gast. He pioneered the precise measurement of ultra-small samples under strict clean room conditions with minimal contamination. He was the co-inventor of the Lunatic Spectrometer (the first fully digital, mass spectrometer with computer-controlled magnetic field scanning & rapid switching) and founder of the "Lunatic Asylum" research laboratory at Caltech specializing in high precision, high sensitivity isotopic analyses of meteorites, lunar and terrestrial samples. He and his co-workers were major contributors to establishing a chronology for the Moon and proposed the hypothesis of the Late Heavy Bombardment (LHB) of the whole inner solar system at near 4.0 Gy ago (with F. Tera, D. A. Papanastassiou).
Wasserburg's research led to a better understanding of the origins and history of the solar system and its component bodies and the precursor stellar sources contributing to the solar system; this research established a time scale for the development of the early solar system, including the processes of nucleosynthesis and the formation and evolution of the planets, the Moon and the meteorites. More recently he investigated models of the chemical evolution of the Galaxy.
He was a member of the U.S. National Academy of Science, the American Philosophical Society, the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and the Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters. He won the Arthur L. Day Medal in 1970, the NASA Distinguished Public Service Medal in 1972 and 1978 the Wollaston Medal in 1985, the Gold Medal of the Royal Astronomical Society in 1991 and the Bowie Medal in 2008. He was co-winner, with Claude Allègre, of the Crafoord Prize in Geosciences in 1986. He was the recipient of several honorary degrees. He was recipient of the J.F.Kemp Medal with Paul W. Gast Columbia Univ 1973,the H. Hess Medal of the American Geophysical Union in 1985,the Leonard Medal of the Meteoritical Soc. 1975,the J.Lawrence Smith Medal of the National Academy of Science 1985, the Arthur L. Day Prize & Lectureship of the National Academy of Science 1981, the Holmes Medal of the European Union of Geosciences in 1986 and the V. M. Goldschmidt medal of the Geochemical society in 1978.
- "Gerald J. Wasserburg". The California Institute of Technology, Division of Geological and Planetary Sciences. Retrieved 2012-01-11.
- "Profile of Gerald J. Wasserburg". The California Institute of Technology, Institute Archives. Retrieved 2012-01-11.
- "Finding Aid for the Gerald J. Wasserburg Papers 1927-2011". Collection guide at the Online Archive of California (OAC) by the Institute Archives of the California Institute of Technology. Retrieved 2012-11-30.
- "The Crafoord Prize 1986". Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences. Retrieved 2008-05-24.
- Isotopic Adventures (autobiography) Annu.Rev. Earth Planet Sci.2003,v31,1-74 http://www.annualreviews.org/doi/abs/10.1146/annurev.earth.31.100901.141409
- Lee, T.; Papanastassiou, D. A.; Wasserburg, G. J. (1977). "Aluminum-26 in the early solar system: Fossil or fuel?". The Astrophysical Journal. 211: L107–L110. doi:10.1086/182351.
- Kelly, William R.; Wasserburg, G. J. (1978). "Evidence for the existence of 107Pd in the early solar system". Geophysical Research Letters. 15 (2): 1079–1082. doi:10.1029/GL005i012p01079.
- "Jim Arnold, founding chemistry chair, 1923-2012", Obituary, UCSD Division of Physical Sciences
- National Museum of American History Acquires Wasserburg Mass Spectrometer, press release, 11 Sept. 2008
- ARCHIVES :: IN THE NEWS - Caltech (Lunatic I mass spectrometer with small photograph)
- "Gruppe 3: Geofag" (in Norwegian). Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters. Retrieved 7 October 2010.