Gerald Kaufman

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Gerald Kaufman
Kaufman.JPG
Kaufman in December 2003
Father of the House of Commons
In office
7 May 2015 – 26 February 2017
SpeakerJohn Bercow
Preceded byPeter Tapsell
Succeeded byKenneth Clarke
Chair of the Culture, Media and Sport Committee[a]
In office
17 April 1992 – 12 July 2005
Preceded byOffice established
Succeeded byJohn Whittingdale
Minister of State for Industry[b]
In office
12 June 1975 – 4 May 1979
Prime MinisterJames Callaghan
Preceded byMichael Meacher
Succeeded byAdam Butler
Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for the Environment
In office
8 March 1974 – 12 June 1975
Prime MinisterHarold Wilson
Preceded byMichael Heseltine[c]
Succeeded byErnest Armstrong
Shadow Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs
In office
13 July 1987 – 24 July 1992
LeaderNeil Kinnock
Preceded byDenis Healey
Succeeded byJack Cunningham
Shadow Home Secretary
In office
31 October 1983 – 13 July 1987
LeaderNeil Kinnock
Preceded byRoy Hattersley
Succeeded byRoy Hattersley
Shadow Secretary of State for the Environment
In office
8 December 1980 – 31 October 1983
LeaderMichael Foot
Preceded byRoy Hattersley
Succeeded byJack Cunningham
Member of Parliament
for Manchester Gorton
In office
9 June 1983 – 26 February 2017
Preceded byKenneth Marks
Succeeded byAfzal Khan
Member of Parliament
for Manchester Ardwick
In office
18 June 1970 – 13 May 1983
Preceded byLeslie Lever
Succeeded byConstituency abolished
Personal details
Born
Gerald Bernard Kaufman

(1930-06-21)21 June 1930
Leeds, Yorkshire, England
Died26 February 2017(2017-02-26) (aged 86)
Political partyLabour
Alma materQueen's College, Oxford

Sir Gerald Bernard Kaufman (21 June 1930 – 26 February 2017) was a British politician and author who served as a minister throughout the Labour government of 1974 to 1979. Elected as a member of parliament (MP) at the 1970 general election, he became Father of the House in 2015 and served until his death in 2017.

Born in Leeds to a Polish Jewish family, Kaufman was secretary of the Oxford University Labour Club while studying philosophy, politics and economics at The Queen's College, Oxford. After graduating from Oxford, he worked as a journalist at the Daily Mirror and the New Statesman and as a writer at BBC Television. Again becoming active in the Labour Party, he served as an adviser to Harold Wilson during Wilson's first tenure as Prime Minister before being elected to the House of Commons himself at the 1970 general election to represent Manchester Ardwick.

Kaufman served in the Labour government at the Department of the Environment under Harold Wilson and at the Department of Industry under James Callaghan respectively. After the government was defeated at the 1979 general election, he was a member of the Shadow Cabinet in the 1980s. When the Manchester Ardwick constituency was abolished in boundary changes, he successfully contested Manchester Gorton at the 1983 general election. Later in his career, he served as an influential backbencher as chair of the Culture, Media and Sport Committee from 1992 to 2005 and was knighted in 2004. Despite criticism during the 2009 parliamentary expenses scandal, when he was found to have made excess claims to the parliamentary fees office, he continued to serve in the House of Commons and was the UK's oldest sitting MP at the time of his death in February 2017.

Known for his forthright views expressed over his political career, Kaufman was an outspoken opponent of fox hunting and advocate of Palestinian statehood; and he famously described his party's 1983 general election manifesto as "the longest suicide note in history". A strong critic of the state of Israel, he called for economic sanctions against the state and denounced the state for committing atrocities (which he phrased as war crimes) against the Palestinian people and their nation.

Early life and career[edit]

Kaufman was born in Leeds, the youngest of seven children of Louis and Jane Kaufman. His parents were both Polish Jews who moved to England before the First World War. He was educated at Leeds Grammar School,[1] and graduated with a degree in philosophy, politics and economics from the University of Oxford (Queen's College). During his time there, he was secretary of the Oxford University Labour Club, where he prevented Rupert Murdoch from standing for office because he broke the society's rule against canvassing.[2]

Kaufman was assistant general secretary of the Fabian Society from 1954 to 1955, a leader writer on the Daily Mirror from 1955 to 1964 and a journalist on the New Statesman from 1964 to 1965. During his time as a journalist, he also worked as a television writer, contributing to BBC Television's satirical comedy programme That Was The Week That Was in 1962 and 1963,[1][3] where he was most remembered for the "silent men of Westminster" sketch. He appeared as a guest on its successor, Not So Much a Programme, More a Way of Life.[4] Becoming active again in politics, he was Parliamentary Press Liaison Officer for the Labour Party from 1965 to 1970 and eventually became a member of Prime Minister Harold Wilson's informal "kitchen cabinet".[4]

Parliamentary career[edit]

Ministerial and shadow ministerial career: 1970–1992[edit]

Kaufman as Shadow Foreign Secretary with Taha Yassin Ramadan in Iraq in 1988

At the 1955 general election Kaufman unsuccessfully contested the Conservative-held seat of Bromley (the seat of Foreign Secretary Harold Macmillan), and at the 1959 general election, he contested Gillingham.[4] He was elected MP for Manchester Ardwick at the 1970 general election; he switched constituency to Manchester Gorton at the 1983 election, following the major changes in parliamentary boundaries in that year. He remained MP for Gorton until his death,[5] notwithstanding considerable demographic changes that resulted in Muslim voters becoming an influential segment of the electorate.[6][7]

Kaufman was a junior minister throughout Labour's time in power from 1974 to 1979, initially as Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State at the Department of the Environment from 1974 to 1975 under Anthony Crosland. Kaufman supported the UK leaving the European Economic Community in the 1975 referendum, after which he was made Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State at the Department of Industry under Eric Varley. Kaufman worried that his support for leaving the EEC in the referendum had led to a demotion by Harold Wilson. However, he was quickly promoted to Minister of State at the department in December 1975.[8] Kaufman served in the role until the Labour government was defeated at the 1979 general election and, during his time in office, he represented the UK in talks with the United States over allowing the Concorde to land on their soil and steered through legislation nationalising the aircraft and shipbuilding industries.[9] Kaufman was made a member of the Privy Council in 1978.

In opposition, Kaufman served in the Shadow Cabinet as Shadow Environment Secretary from 1980 to 1983, Shadow Home Secretary from 1983 to 1987 and Shadow Foreign Secretary from 1987 to 1992.[1] He dubbed the Labour Party's left-wing 1983 general election manifesto "the longest suicide note in history".[10]

Early backbench career: 1992–2005[edit]

Caricature of Kaufman, c. 2019

In 1992, Kaufman went to the backbenches and became chair of the National Heritage Select Committee and chaired the committee (later the Culture, Media and Sport Committee) from 1992 to 2005.[11] He was also a member of the Parliamentary Committee of the Parliamentary Labour Party from 1980 to 1992, the Labour Party National Executive Committee from 1991 to 1992, and the Royal Commission on House of Lords Reform in 1999.[1] In 1997, he criticised the then chief executive of the Royal Opera House Mary Allen over alleged financial misconduct, which ultimately contributed to her tendering her resignation.[12]

Kaufman very rarely voted against the Labour Party whip and therefore voted with the government on the 2003 invasion of Iraq, saying in Parliament "Even though all our hearts are heavy, I have no doubt that it is right to vote with the Government tonight".[13]

Kaufman was appointed a Knight Bachelor in the 2004 Birthday Honours for services to Parliament.[14]

An outspoken opponent of hunting with hounds, Kaufman was assaulted in 2004 by a group of pro-fox hunting campaigners and said that he was subjected to antisemitic taunts. These he said he found ironic as he had recently been accused of being a self-hating Jew by a member of the Board of Deputies of British Jews.[15]

Parliamentary expenses scandal and later career: 2005–2017[edit]

Kaufman was implicated in the 2009 expenses scandal, where a number of British MPs made excessive expense claims, misusing their permitted allowances and expense accounts.[16] He was found to have submitted expense claims that included £8,865 for a 40-inch LCD television, £1,851 for an antique rug imported from New York, and £225 for a rollerball pen. He blamed his self-diagnosed obsessive compulsive disorder for his claims, and also said that his condition led him to purchase a pair of Waterford Crystal grapefruit bowls on his parliamentary expenses.[17] Between 2005 and 2007, he claimed £28,834 for home improvements. He was subsequently summoned to the Parliamentary Fees Office to explain these claims, and in the end was reimbursed £15,329. He was also challenged over regular claims for "odd jobs", which he submitted without receipts at a rate of £245 per month, then £5 below the limit for unreceipted expenses, to which he replied by asking why those expenses were being queried.[18]

On 25 May 2010, during the Queen's Speech debate, Kaufman accused the Liberal Democrat candidate for his constituency during the 2010 general election, Qassim Afzal, of running "an anti-Semitic, and personally anti-Semitic, election campaign" in Manchester Gorton.[19]

Kaufman voted against the Labour for the first time on the provision in the Police Reform and Social Responsibility Act 2011 to introduce an extra requirement in the process for private prosecutors seeking to obtain an arrest warrant for "universal jurisdiction" offences such as war crimes, torture and crimes against humanity.[20]

In the run-up to the 2012 United States presidential election, Kaufman opposed Barack Obama, saying that American voters did not "know a phoney when they see one" and adding that "If they did, Barack Obama would not be president".[21]

After his re-election to the Commons in 2015, just before his 85th birthday, Kaufman became Father of the House following the retirement of Peter Tapsell.[22] On 20 July 2015, he broke the Labour whip for a second time by being one of 48 Labour MPs to vote against the second reading of the government's 2015 Welfare Reform and Work Bill which included £12 billion in welfare cuts, a vote in which Labour MPs had been ordered to abstain.[23]

Criticism of Israel[edit]

It is time to remind Sharon that the Star of David belongs to all Jews, not to his repulsive Government. His actions are staining the star of David with blood. The Jewish people, whose gifts to civilised discourse include Einstein and Epstein, Mendelssohn and Mahler, Sergei Eisenstein and Billy Wilder, are now symbolised throughout the world by the blustering bully Ariel Sharon, a war criminal implicated in the murder of Palestinians at the Sabra and Shatila camps and now involved in killing Palestinians once again.

Kaufman in a speech given to the House of Commons, during Israel's military operation codenamed Defensive Shield in April 2002[24]

Kaufman was infatuated with Israel in his youth and was a member of Poale Zion (later the Jewish Labour Movement).[25][26][27] However, over time, he became disillusioned with Israel because of its treatment of the Palestinian territories.[25] In 1988, on the 40th anniversary of the State of Israel, while Shadow Foreign Secretary, Kaufman appeared on the television discussion programme After Dark. A representative of the Palestine Liberation Organization in London was also on the panel, and The Daily Telegraph considered that Kaufman risked a backlash from British Jews by appearing alongside a supporter of Yasser Arafat.[28]

Having once publicly vowed to never again visit Israel, Kaufman retracted that promise in 2002 in order to film a BBC television documentary, The End of the Affair, in which he recounted his disillusionment with the state.[29] By that time, he believed Israel had been reduced to an "international pariah"[30] by its prime minister Ariel Sharon, who he described as "a war criminal".[31][32] He wrote an article in July 2004 for The Guardian entitled "The case for sanctions against Israel: What worked with apartheid can bring peace to the Middle East" in which he proposed economic sanctions against Israel.[33] In 2006, he called for the Israeli soldiers responsible for the deaths of British citizens Tom Hurndall and James Miller to be handed over and tried in Britain or before an international war crimes tribunal and stated that economic sanctions would have to be considered if Israel refused to cooperate.[34]

During the Gaza War in January 2009, Kaufman gave a speech to the Commons where he stated: "The present Israeli government ruthlessly and cynically exploits the continuing guilt from Gentiles over the slaughter of Jews in the Holocaust as justification for their murder of Palestinians".[35][36][37] About the death of his grandmother in the Holocaust, he said: "My grandmother did not die to provide cover for Israeli soldiers murdering Palestinian grandmothers in Gaza".[35] After the Israeli army's spokeswoman replied to the deaths of 800 Palestinians that "500 of them were militants", he called her statement the "reply of a Nazi" and remarked that members of the Jewish resistance during the Holocaust also "could have been dismissed as militants".[35] While himself considering Hamas a "deeply nasty organisation", he described their boycott by the UK government as having "dreadful consequences" and reminded the Commons that Israel had been created following acts of terrorism by the Irgun.[37][38] He urged the British government to implement a total ban on arms sales to Israel.[38]

In June 2009, Kaufman compared Israel's treatment of the Palestinians in Gaza and the West Bank to South Africa under apartheid and Iran. He described Iran as a "loathsome regime", but said that, unlike Israel, "at least it keeps its totalitarian theocracy to within its own borders" and that the close proximity of affluent Israeli settlers to impoverished Palestinians was more "heart-rending" than conditions in South Africa during apartheid as the bantustans were "some distance away from the affluent areas". He also said that Israel should follow the lead of the British Armed Forces in their conduct in Northern Ireland during the Troubles.[39]

Kaufman was the leader of a large European parliamentary delegation to Gaza in January 2010 during which he described the Israeli blockade of Gaza as "evil" and said Israeli officials who authorised the use of white phosphorus munitions in densely populated Gaza should be tried for war crimes.[40][41] In March 2010, along with another Labour MP Martin Linton, Kaufman accused the Conservative Party of being "too close" to Israel, saying that those parts of the party not controlled by Lord Ashcroft were being controlled by "right-wing Jewish millionaires".[42] Following the Gaza flotilla raid in June 2010, he called Israel's actions "a war crime of piracy in international waters, kidnapping and murder, all in pursuit of upholding an illegal blockade on Gaza that amounts to collective punishment".[43]

In December 2010, Kaufman criticised a proposed amendment to Britain's universal jurisdiction law seeking to prevent visiting Israeli officials from being arrested and indicted, claiming that such changes made a mockery of the British legal system. He highlighted the arrest warrant against former Israeli Foreign Minister Tzipi Livni for her part in the "slaughter" that took place during the Gaza War. He also claimed that British Jews were waking up to Israel's human rights violations and distancing themselves from Israel.[44] As he stressed Israel's alleged war crimes and breaches of international law, he was berated for his statements by pro-Israel MPs and the deputy speaker had to restore order. Conservative MP Robert Halfon accused Kaufman of using the bill reading for his own political agenda and claimed Kaufman's "hatred for Israel knows no bounds".[45]

On 30 March 2011, Kaufman was caught by a microphone in the Chamber of the House of Commons saying "here we are, the Jews again", when fellow Jewish Labour MP Louise Ellman rose to speak, for which he apologised.[46] Ellman had stood to intervene in a debate on the Police Reform and Social Responsibility Bill but she and Kaufman, although both Jewish, had large differences in their views on the Israeli–Palestinian conflict.[47]

Kaufman supported the 2011 Palestinian bid for United Nations recognition and membership of a Palestinian state along the 1967 borders with east Jerusalem as its capital, writing in The Guardian: "This brave Palestinian move will change the entire environment of the Middle East and tell the Israelis they must negotiate meaningfully if they wish to be one of the states in a two-state solution."[48] Following the 2011 Nakba Day riots when a number of Palestinian refugees were killed during clashes with Israeli security forces as they attempted to breach Israel's borders as part of protests demanding the implementation of the Palestinian right of return, Kaufman gave a speech criticising Israeli actions, claiming that Palestinians were "slaughtered" and said "the way in which Israeli soldiers maltreat Palestinians is appalling".[49]

At a Palestine Return Centre event in Parliament on 27 October 2015, Kaufman alleged that "Jewish money, Jewish donations to the Conservative Party – as in the general election in May – support from The Jewish Chronicle, all of those things, bias the Conservatives". He accused Israel of staging recent Palestinian knife attacks as an excuse to kill Palestinians. John Mann, the Labour chair of the All-Party Parliamentary Group Against Antisemitism, denounced Kaufman's comments as "the incoherent ramblings of an ill-informed demagogue".[50] Jeremy Corbyn, Leader of the Labour Party, released a statement saying Kaufman's remarks were "completely unacceptable and deeply regrettable", further saying: "Such remarks are damaging to community relations, and also do nothing to benefit the Palestinian cause. I have always implacably opposed all forms of racism, antisemitism and Islamophobia."[51]

Literary career[edit]

Kaufman wrote many books and articles. Some are political: How to be a Minister (1980) is an irreverent look at the difficulties faced by ministers trying to control the civil service.[52] Kaufman had the book proofread by both Harold Wilson and James Callaghan prior to publication.[53] Some are cultural: Meet Me in St Louis is a study of the 1944 Judy Garland film.[54] He contributed a chapter about John Hodge, the Labour MP for Manchester Gorton elected in 1906, to Men Who Made Labour, edited by Alan Haworth and Diane Hayter.[55] He also acted as chairman of the Booker Prize judges in 1999.[56]

Death[edit]

On 26 February 2017, Kaufman died after a long illness,[57] becoming the first Father of the House to die in office since T. P. O'Connor in 1929.[58] Former Prime Minister Tony Blair praised Kaufman's work and said they had been close friends since Blair was first elected to the House of Commons in 1983.[59] An inter-faith memorial service was held on 7 March 2017 in Gorton Monastery, a historic local landmark whose restoration Kaufman had supported.[60][61]

Publications[edit]

  • The Daily Mirror Spotlight on Trade Unions, by Sydney Jacobson & William Connor, Research by Gerald Kaufman, Daily Mirror Newspapers, 1950
  • Fabian Journal No 16 July 1955 (with Margaret Cole), Fabian Society, 1955
  • The Left: A symposium (Editor) Blond, 1966
  • To Build the Promised Land, Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 1973 ISBN 0297765094
  • How to be a Minister, Sidgwick & Jackson Ltd, 1980 ISBN 0571190804
  • Renewal: Labour's Britain in the 1980s, Penguin, 1983 ISBN 0140523510
  • My Life in the Silver Screen, Faber & Faber, 1985 ISBN 0571134939
  • Inside the Promised Land: Personal View of Today's Israel, Ashgate 1986 ISBN 0704530740
  • Meet Me in St. Louis, British Film Institute, 1994 ISBN 0851705014
  • Gulliver & Beyond (contributor), Channel 4 Television, 1996 ISBN 1851441603

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ National Heritage Committee (1992–97)
  2. ^ Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State (June–December 1974)
  3. ^ Office vacant between 7 April 1972 and 8 March 1974.

References[edit]

Sources[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d The Papers of Sir Gerald Kaufman Churchill Archives Centre, Churchill College Cambridge
  2. ^ Kynaston, David (2009). Family Britain 1951-7. London: Bloomsbury. p. 102. ISBN 9780747583851.
  3. ^ The International Who's Who 2004 Google Books.
  4. ^ a b c "Obituary: Gerald Kaufman". BBC News. 27 February 2017. Retrieved 27 February 2017.
  5. ^ "Manchester Gorton". The Guardian. London. May 2010. Archived from the original on 22 January 2005.
  6. ^ Well, Anthony (2015). "Manchester, Gorton". UK Polling Report. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  7. ^ Torode, John (29 August 1994). "One member, who votes?: A row is brewing in Manchester, where Asian challengers threaten to deselect the sitting MP". The Independent. Retrieved 24 September 2017. The city is Manchester and the culture clash involves an increasingly bitter conflict between the substantial and increasingly confident Asian minority, and old, mainly white politicians who have kept a tight grip on the city Labour Party. ... Mr Kaufman is the child of an earlier, Jewish immigration and has a reputation as a fighter against discrimination and in favour of the rights of ethnic minorities.
  8. ^ Kaufman 1980, p. xx.
  9. ^ Kaufman 1980, p. xxi.
  10. ^ Mann, Nyta (14 July 2003). "Foot's message of hope to left". BBC News Online. Retrieved 18 January 2009.
  11. ^ "Members of the Committee". The Daily Telegraph. 14 January 2003. Retrieved 27 February 2017.
  12. ^ "Last act at the Royal Opera?". The Daily Telegraph. 28 March 1998. Archived from the original on 5 June 2011. Retrieved 27 February 2017.
  13. ^ Department of the Official Report (Hansard), House of Commons, Westminster (26 February 2003). House of Commons Hansard for 26 Feb 2003 (pt 16). The Stationery Office Ltd. ISBN 0-215-65029-8. Retrieved 18 January 2009.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  14. ^ "No. 57315". The London Gazette (Supplement). 12 June 2004. p. 1.
  15. ^ Kaufman, Gerald (30 September 2004). "Larcenous, racist scum". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 18 January 2009.
  16. ^ "MPs' expenses: Full list of MPs investigated by The Telegraph". The Daily Telegraph. 8 May 2009. Retrieved 27 February 2017.
  17. ^ Verkaik, Robert (6 June 2009). "Kaufman blames 'obsessive disorder'". The Independent. London.
  18. ^ Rayner, Gordon (16 May 2009). "Sir Gerald Kaufman's £1,800 rug and an £8,865 claim for a television: MPs' expenses". The Daily Telegraph. London.
  19. ^ UK Parliament Archived 5 June 2011 at the Wayback Machine
  20. ^ Middle East Monitor 22 Sep 2011. 22 March 2016. Archived from the original on 28 September 2011.
  21. ^ Gerald Kaufman (17 January 2012). "Re: World briefing, 16 January 2012". The Guardian. Retrieved 19 January 2012. I controvert the assertion by Simon Tisdall (World briefing, 16 January): "US voters . . . know a phoney when they see one." If they did, Barack Obama would not be president.
  22. ^ "Sir Gerald Kaufman is the new Father of the House". UK Parliament. 13 May 2015. Retrieved 27 February 2017.
  23. ^ "Welfare cuts backed amid Labour revolt". BBC News. 21 July 2015. Archived from the original on 30 August 2015. Retrieved 1 October 2016.
  24. ^ Littlewood, Stuart (14 January 2009). "Could the Rising Anger of British MPs Shake America's Complacency?". Middle East Online. Retrieved 18 January 2009.
  25. ^ a b "The End of the Affair". Video (Real Audio required). BBC News. Retrieved 14 May 2017.
  26. ^ "Jewish Labour Movement History". Archived from the original on 27 September 2007.
  27. ^ Notable Jewish Individuals Supporting a Free Palestine, Jewish Friends of Palestine, 27 May 2007.
  28. ^ "Troubled talks with the PLO", The Daily Telegraph, 14 May 1988.
  29. ^ "Kaufman pessimistic over Israel's future". BBC News. 6 September 2002. Retrieved 4 January 2010.
  30. ^ "UK MP calls Israel 'pariah state'". BBC News. 15 March 2002. Retrieved 4 January 2010.
  31. ^ "Sharon 'a war criminal' says MP". BBC News. 17 April 2002. Retrieved 4 January 2010.
  32. ^ Littlewood, Stuart. "Could the Rising Anger of British MPs Shake America's Complacency?". Middle East Online. Retrieved 18 January 2009.
  33. ^ Kaufman, Gerald (12 July 2004). "The case for sanctions against Israel: What worked with apartheid can bring peace to the Middle East". The Guardian. London, UK. Retrieved 6 May 2010.
  34. ^ British MP urges Israel sanctioned for killing of Britons Haaretz.com, 12 April 2006.
  35. ^ a b c MP Kaufman likens Israelis to Nazis, Jewish Telegraphic Agency, 16 January 2009, "The spokeswoman for the Israeli army, Major Leibovich, was asked about the Israeli killing of, at that time, 800 Palestinians. The total is now 1,000. She replied instantly that '500 of them were militants'. That was the reply of a Nazi. I suppose the Jews fighting for their lives in the Warsaw ghetto could have been dismissed as militants."
  36. ^ Robert Pigott, Fault-line between Jews over Gaza, BBC News, 17 January 2009.
  37. ^ a b "House of Commons Hansard Debates". parliament.uk. 15 January 2009. Retrieved 14 May 2017.
  38. ^ a b "UK's Jewish MP calls it Nazi-like operation". Agence France-Presse. 16 January 2009. Retrieved 26 October 2021.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  39. ^ "News". thejc.com. Retrieved 14 May 2017.
  40. ^ "British MP: Israel and Egypt's blockade of Gaza is 'evil'". Haaretz.com. 16 January 2010. Archived from the original on 17 January 2010. Retrieved 27 January 2010.
  41. ^ British lawmaker says Gaza blockade 'evil', Ynet News, 15 January 2010.
  42. ^ Porter, Andrew; Prince, Rosa (31 March 2010). "Labour MPs accuse Tories of being too close to Israel". The Daily Telegraph. ISSN 0307-1235.
  43. ^ "House of Commons Hansard Debates". parliament.uk. 2 June 2010. Retrieved 14 May 2017.
  44. ^ "Labour MP Gerald Kaufman condemns 'Israeli terrorists'". jewishnews.timesofisrael.com. Retrieved 11 April 2020.
  45. ^ "Veteran MP claims British Jews are "distancing" themselves from Israel". Middle East Monitor. 28 January 2014. Retrieved 11 April 2020.
  46. ^ "Outcry at Gerald Kaufman's "It's the Jews again" remark in House of Commons". Manchester Evening News. 31 March 2011.
  47. ^ "Sir Gerald Kaufman apologises for 'Jews' remark". BBC News. 31 March 2011. Retrieved 26 October 2021.
  48. ^ "Letters: Israel's choices". The Guardian. London, UK. 11 September 2011.
  49. ^ "Labour Friends of Palestine & the Middle East". 25 April 2012. Archived from the original on 25 April 2012. Retrieved 5 June 2017.
  50. ^ Jackman, Josh; Rashty, Sandy (28 October 2015). "Labour veteran Sir Gerald Kaufman claims 'Jewish money' has influenced Conservatives". The Jewish Chronicle. Retrieved 29 October 2015.
  51. ^ Mason, Rowena (3 November 2015). "Gerald Kaufman's 'Jewish money' remarks condemned by Corbyn". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 1 October 2016. Retrieved 1 October 2016. On Tuesday, Corbyn released a statement saying Kaufman's remarks were "completely unacceptable and deeply regrettable ... Such remarks are damaging to community relations, and also do nothing to benefit the Palestinian cause ... I have always implacably opposed all forms of racism, antisemitism and Islamophobia and will continue to do so. At my request, the chief whip has met Sir Gerald and expressed my deep concern."
  52. ^ Simon Bulmer, Martin Burch (2003). The Europeanisation of Whitehall: UK central government and the European Union. Oxford University Press. p. 203. ISBN 978-1-847-79274-7.
  53. ^ Kaufman 1980, p. ix.
  54. ^ Desirée J. Garcia (2014). The Migration of Musical Film: From Ethnic Margins to American Mainstream. Rutgers University Press. p. 229. ISBN 978-0-813-56866-9.
  55. ^ Alan Haworth, Dianne Hayter, ed. (2015). Men Who Made Labour. Routledge. pp. 91–96. ISBN 978-1-135-39048-8.
  56. ^ "The Man Booker Prize 1999". Retrieved 27 February 2017.
  57. ^ "Labour MP Gerald Kaufman dies at 86 – BBC News". BBC Online. Retrieved 26 February 2017.
  58. ^ "Father of the House of Commons". Hansard. Retrieved 27 February 2017.
  59. ^ "Politics Live". The Guardian. 27 February 2017. Retrieved 27 February 2017.
  60. ^ Abbit, Beth (7 March 2017). "Mourners sporting array of colourful outfits pay tribute to Sir Gerald Kaufman". Manchester Evening News. Archived from the original on 4 October 2021. Retrieved 4 October 2021.
  61. ^ News, Manchester Evening (9 September 2011). "Saints go marching in: Twelve statues returned to Gorton Monastery after 17-year campaign". Manchester Evening News. Retrieved 4 October 2021. {{cite web}}: |last1= has generic name (help)

Bibliography[edit]

  • Kaufman, Gerald (1980). How to be a Minister (1997 pbk. ed.). London: Faber and Faber. ISBN 0571190804.

External links[edit]

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by Member of Parliament
for Manchester Ardwick

19701983
Constituency abolished
Preceded by Member of Parliament
for Manchester Gorton

19832017
Succeeded by
Political offices
Preceded by Shadow Secretary of State for Environment
1980–1983
Succeeded by
Shadow Home Secretary
1983–1987
Succeeded by
Preceded by Shadow Foreign Secretary
1987–1992
Succeeded by
Honorary titles
Preceded by Father of the House of Commons
2015–2017
Succeeded by
Oldest sitting Member of Parliament
2015–2017
Succeeded by