Gerald Wellesley, 7th Duke of Wellington

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His Grace
The Duke of Wellington
KG, DL, FRIBA
Personal details
Born (1885-08-21)21 August 1885
Died 4 January 1972(1972-01-04) (aged 86)
Spouse(s) Dorothy Violet Ashton
Parents Arthur Wellesley, 4th Duke of Wellington
Lady Kathleen Bulkeley-Williams

Gerald Wellesley, 7th Duke of Wellington, KG, DL, FRIBA (21 August 1885 – 4 January 1972), styled Lord Gerald Wellesley between 1900 and 1943, was an Anglo-Irish diplomat, soldier, and architect.

Background and education[edit]

Wellesley was the third son of Lord Arthur Wellesley (later 4th Duke of Wellington) and Lady Arthur Wellesley (later Duchess of Wellington, née Kathleen Bulkeley Williams). He was baptised at St Jude's Church of Ireland parish church, Kilmainham, Dublin, on 27 September 1885.[1] He was educated at Eton.

Career[edit]

Wellesley served as a diplomat in the Diplomatic Corps in 1908. He held the office of Third Secretary of the Diplomatic Service between 1910–17, and the office of Second Secretary of the Diplomatic Service between 1917-19. He was invested as a Fellow of the Royal Institute of British Architects in 1921, and as a Fellow of the Royal Society of Arts in 1935, and was Surveyor of the King's Works of Art, 1936–43. He gained the rank of Lieutenant-Colonel in 1939 in the service of the Grenadier Guards. He fought in the Second World War between 1939-45. As a somewhat elderly officer with a spinsterish manner, he earned the nickname'The Iron Duchess',[2] but his diplomatic skills proved invaluable in dealing with the allies.[3]

In 1943, he succeeded his nephew Henry as Duke of Wellington, Earl of Mornington, and Prince of Waterloo. His nephew's other title, Duke of Ciudad Rodrigo, passed to Henry's sister (his niece) Lady Anne Rhys, before she ceded it to him in 1949. He served as Lord Lieutenant of the County of London between 1944–49 and as Lord Lieutenant of Hampshire between 1949-60. In 1951 he was made a Knight of the Garter.[citation needed]

Architecture projects[edit]

Among his architecture projects was the remodeling of the London home of Anglo-American member of Parliament Henry "Chips" Channon. Working with Trenwith Wills, Wellesley also remodeled Castle Hill, Filleigh, in Devon; Hinton Ampner in Hampshire; and Biddick Hall in County Durham.[4] Wellesley also designed the Faringdon Folly tower for Gerald Tyrwhitt-Wilson, 14th Baron Berners.[citation needed] Wellesley also built Portland House in Weymouth in 1935.[5]

Books[edit]

He was the author of the following books :

  • The Iconography of the First Duke of Wellington (1935)
  • The Diary of a Desert Journey (1938)
  • The Journal of Mrs. Arbuthnot (1950)
  • A Selection from the Private Correspondence of the First Duke of Wellington (1952)

Family[edit]

Wellesley was bisexual or homosexual,[6][7][8] but married Dorothy Violet Ashton (21 August 1885 – 11 July 1956) on 30 April 1914. The marriage was unhappy and they separated in 1922[9] but never divorced.

She was the daughter of Robert Ashton of Croughton, Cheshire (himself a second cousin of the 1st Baron Ashton of Hyde) and was descended from wealthy cotton manufacturers, and his wife (Lucy) Cecilia Dunn-Gardner, later Countess of Scarbrough. Her stepfather since 1899 was Aldred Lumley, 10th Earl of Scarbrough. They had two children:

Dorothy, a poet, became the lover of Vita Sackville-West,[10][11] (who wrote her entry for the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography).[12] Curiously, Gerald Wellesley had been engaged, before his marriage, to Sackville-West's lover Violet Trefusis.[9] Dorothy later became the lover and long-time companion of Hilda Matheson, a prominent BBC producer.[9]

After his wife's death in 1956, Wellesley reportedly wished to marry his widowed sister-in-law, Lady Serena James, but she did not wish to leave her marital home.[13] Wellesley was the maternal grandfather of the actor and musician Jeremy Clyde.[citation needed]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Irish Genealogy". Churchrecords.irishgenealogy.ie. Retrieved 2016-05-19. 
  2. ^ Alan, Pryce-Jones (1987). The Bonus Of Laughter. John Murray. 
  3. ^ Butler, Ewan. Amateur Agent. p. 16. 
  4. ^ Cruickshank, Dan (Summer 2012). "Wills and Wellesley". National Trust Magazine. National Trust: 38. 
  5. ^ "National Trust renovates Portland House, Weymouth". BBC News. Retrieved 19 May 2016. 
  6. ^ Aldrich, Keith (1997). WB Yeats: The Man and the Mileau. Clarkson Potter. p. 337. 
  7. ^ Brittain-Catlin, Timothy. Bleak Houses: Disappointment and Failure in Architecture. p. 92. 
  8. ^ Michael Bloch. "Closet Queens: Some 20th Century British Politicians". Books.google.co.uk. Retrieved 2016-07-07. 
  9. ^ a b c R.F. Foster, "W.B. Yeats" (Oxford University Press, 2003), p. 528
  10. ^ Lady Jane Wellesley, "Wellington: A Journey Through My Family" (Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 2009)
  11. ^ Grove, Valerie (2008-11-21). "The legacy of an Iron Duke: WELLINGTON by Jane Wellesley | Daily Mail Online". Mailonsunday.ie. Retrieved 2016-05-19. 
  12. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 15 October 2009. Retrieved 9 February 2016. 
  13. ^ "Lady Serena James: Obituary". Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 17 May 2016. 

External links[edit]

Honorary titles
Preceded by
The Marquess of Crewe
Lord Lieutenant of the County of London
1944–1949
Succeeded by
The Earl Wavell
Preceded by
The Viscount Portal
Lord Lieutenant of Hampshire
1949–1960
Succeeded by
The Lord Ashburton
Peerage of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Henry Wellesley
Duke of Wellington
1943–1972
Succeeded by
Valerian Wellesley
Peerage of Ireland
Preceded by
Henry Wellesley
Earl of Mornington
1943–1972
Succeeded by
Valerian Wellesley
Dutch nobility
Preceded by
Henry Wellesley
Prince of Waterloo
1943–1972
Succeeded by
Valerian Wellesley
Spanish nobility
Preceded by
Anne Rhys
Duke of Ciudad Rodrigo
1949–1968
Succeeded by
Valerian Wellesley
Portuguese nobility
Preceded by
Henry Wellesley
Duke of the Victory
1943–1968
Succeeded by
Valerian Wellesley