Geraldine Fitzgerald

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This article is about the Irish-American actress. For the British actress, see Geraldine Fitzgerald (British actress).
Geraldine Fitzgerald
Fitzgerald on the cover of Life magazine (August 7, 1944)
Born (1913-11-24)November 24, 1913
Greystones, County Wicklow, Ireland
Died July 17, 2005(2005-07-17) (aged 91)
New York City, New York, U.S.
Occupation Actress
Years active 1932–1991
  • Edward Lindsay-Hogg
    (married 1936–1946)
  • Stuart Scheftel
    (married 1946–1994)

Geraldine Mary Fitzgerald (November 24, 1913 – July 17, 2005)[1] was an Irish actress and a member of the American Theatre Hall of Fame.[2]

Early life[edit]

Fitzgerald was born in Greystones, County Wicklow,[3] south of Dublin, the daughter of Edith and Edward Fitzgerald, who was an attorney.[4] Her father was Catholic and her mother a Protestant who converted to Catholicism.

She studied painting at the Dublin School of Art[5] and inspired by her aunt, the actress/director Shelah Richards, Geraldine Fitzgerald began her acting career in 1932 in theatre in her native Dublin before moving to London where she studied painting at the Polytechnic School of Art and was taken to Twickenham Studios where she played a small role in a British film 1934. She quickly came to be regarded as one of the British film industry's most promising young performers and her most successful film of this period was The Mill on the Floss (1937).


Dark Victory (1939) marked one of Fitzgerald's earliest appearances in American films.

Her success led her to America and Broadway in 1938, and while appearing opposite Orson Welles in the Mercury Theatre production of Heartbreak House, she was seen by the film producer Hal B. Wallis who signed her to a seven-year film contract. She achieved two significant successes in 1939; she received a nomination for an Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress for her role as Isabella Linton in Wuthering Heights[4] and had an important role in Dark Victory, with both films achieving great box office success.

She appeared in Shining Victory (1941), The Gay Sisters (1942) and Watch on the Rhine (1943) for Warner Bros., and Wilson (1944) for Fox, but her career was hampered by her frequent clashes with the management of the studio, and the suspensions that resulted. She lost the role of Brigid O'Shaughnessy, the villainess of The Maltese Falcon (1941), due to her clashes with Jack L. Warner. Although she continued to work frequently throughout the 1940s, co-starring with John Garfield in the Warner Bros. crime drama Nobody Lives Forever (1946), the quality of her roles began to diminish and her career began to lose momentum.

Fitzgerald became a U.S. citizen during World War II in a display of solidarity with her adopted country. In 1946, shortly after completing work on Three Strangers, she left Hollywood to return to New York City where she married her second husband Stuart Scheftel, a grandson of Isidor Straus. She returned to Britain to film So Evil My Love (1948), receiving strong reviews for her performance as an alcoholic adultress, and The Late Edwina Black (1951) before returning to America.

The 1950s provided her with very few opportunities in film, but in the 1960s she asserted herself as a character actress, and her career enjoyed a revival. Among her successful films of this period were Ten North Frederick (1958), The Pawnbroker (1964) and Rachel, Rachel (1968). Her later films included The Mango Tree (1977) (for which she received an Australian Film Institute Best Actress nomination), and Harry and Tonto (1974), in one scene opposite Art Carney.

In the comedy Arthur (1981), she portrayed Dudley Moore's wealthy and eccentric grandmother, even though she was only 22 years older than Moore. Fitzgerald also would appear in the horror film Poltergeist II: The Other Side (1986) and a Rodney Dangerfield comedy, Easy Money, along with the sequel Arthur 2: On the Rocks (1988).

Fitzgerald began to act more often on stage and won acclaim for her performance in the 1971 revival of Long Day's Journey Into Night. She also achieved success as a theatre director, becoming one of the first women to receive a Tony Award nomination for directing (1982) for the production Mass Appeal.[6]

She appeared frequently on television as well, in such series as Alfred Hitchcock Presents, Robert Montgomery Presents, Naked City, St. Elsewhere and Cagney and Lacey. In 1983, she portrayed Rose Kennedy in the mini-series Kennedy with Martin Sheen, and co-starred as Joanne Woodward's mother in the 1985 Alzheimer's drama Do You Remember Love. In 1986, Fitzgerald starred alongside Tuesday Weld and River Phoenix in the critically acclaimed CBS television movie Circle of Violence about domestic elder abuse, and in 1987, she played one of the title roles in the TV sitcom pilot Mabel and Max, produced by Barbra Streisand. She received an Emmy Award nomination for a guest role playing Anna in The Golden Girls Mother's Day episode in 1988 (Fitzgerald played another character in the episode Not Another Monday). She won a Daytime Emmy Award as Best Actress for her appearance in the episode 'Rodeo Red and the Runaways' on NBC Special Treat.

In 1976 she began a career as a cabaret singer with the show Streetsongs which played three successful runs on Broadway and was the subject of a PBS television special.

On February 8, 1960, Fitzgerald was recognized with a star, at 6353 Hollywood Boulevard, on the Hollywood Walk of Fame for her contributions to motion pictures.[7]

Personal life[edit]

Geraldine Fitzgerald and three-year-old Michael Lindsay-Hogg (1944)

Fitzgerald was the mother of the TV, film and theater director Michael Lindsay-Hogg by her first marriage (to Sir Edward Lindsay-Hogg, 4th Bt. in 1937[4]) and a daughter, Susan Scheftel, by her second marriage, in 1946,[4] to American businessman Stuart Scheftel, grandson of Macy's co-owner and Titanic victim Isidor Straus.

Her son's resemblance to Orson Welles, with whom she had worked and been linked with romantically in the late 1930s, led to rumors Welles was the boy's father. Fitzgerald never confirmed this to her son, but in his 2011 autobiography Lindsay-Hogg reported that his mother's friend Gloria Vanderbilt had revealed that Welles was his natural father.[8]

She was a great aunt of actress Tara Fitzgerald.

Fitzgerald died at age 91 in New York City following a long battle with Alzheimer's Disease. She was survived by her second husband, her son, and her daughter.[9]

Selected filmography[edit]

Radio appearances[edit]

Year Program Episode/source
1941 Philip Morris Playhouse Stage Door[10]


  1. ^ Geraldine Fitzgerald
  2. ^ "Members". Theater Hall of Fame. Retrieved 15 August 2015. 
  3. ^ "Geraldine Fitzgerald". 
  4. ^ a b c d Adams, Bernard (July 19, 2005). "Geraldine Fitzgerald: Independent-minded actress". The Independent. Retrieved 15 August 2015. 
  5. ^ "Geraldine Fitzgerald, Irish Actress and Director Who Acted in O'Neill and Directed Mass Appeal, Dead at 91". Playbill. Retrieved 15 August 2015. 
  6. ^ "Geraldine Fitzgerald". Tony Awards. Retrieved 15 August 2015. 
  7. ^ "Geraldine Fitzgerald". Hollywood Walk of Fame. Retrieved 15 August 2015. 
  8. ^ Alex Witchel (September 30, 2011). "Are You My Father, Orson Welles?". The New York Times. 
  9. ^ "Geraldine Fitzgerald". The Telegraph. Retrieved 15 August 2015. 
  10. ^ "Johnny Presents". Harrisburg Telegraph. December 5, 1941. p. 19. Retrieved July 26, 2015 – via  open access publication - free to read

External links[edit]