Geraldo Alckmin

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This name uses Portuguese naming customs. The first or maternal family name is Rodrigues and the second or paternal family name is Alckmin.
Geraldo Alckmin
Geraldo Alckmin Filho - World Economic Forum on Latin America 2011.jpg
Geraldo Alckmin at the World Economic Forum on Latin America in 2011
35th Governor of São Paulo
Assumed office
1 January 2011
Vice Governor Guilherme Afif
Márcio França
Preceded by Alberto Goldman
Majority 50.63% - 11,519,314 votes
31st Governor of São Paulo
In office
22 January 2001 – 30 March 2006
Vice Governor Cláudio Lembo
Preceded by Mário Covas
Succeeded by Cláudio Lembo
Majority 58.64% - 12,008,819 votes (runoff)
Vice Governor of São Paulo
In office
1 January 1995 – 22 January 2001
Governor Mário Covas
Preceded by Aloysio Nunes
Succeeded by Cláudio Lembo
Member of the Chamber of Deputies
In office
1 February 1987 – 31 December 1994
Constituency São Paulo
Personal details
Born Geraldo José Rodrigues de Alckmin Filho
(1952-11-07) November 7, 1952 (age 63)
Pindamonhangaba, São Paulo, Brazil
Political party PSDB
Spouse(s) Maria Lúcia Ribeiro Alckmin
Children 3
Alma mater Universidade de Taubaté
Occupation Anesthesiologist
Religion Roman Catholic

Geraldo José Rodrigues de Alckmin Filho (Portuguese pronunciation: [ʒeˈɾawdu ˈaɫkmĩ]) (born in Pindamonhangaba, November 7, 1952) is a Brazilian politician, who has been reelected in October 2014 as the governor of São Paulo, for the fourth (not consecutive) time, and former candidate for president of Brazil in the 2006 Elections. He attended the Universidade de Taubaté's medical school, specializing in Anesthesiology, before going on to work in the São Paulo Public Service Hospital. He has been governor of São Paulo since 2011 and was re-elected in October 2014 for his fourth term.[1]

Political career[edit]

While still in his first year of medical school, Alckmin began his political career in 1972 when he was elected to the Pindamonhangaba city council (1973–1977), and then its mayor (1977–1982). At age 25, he was the youngest Brazilian mayor. He was elected a federal deputy for two terms, (1983–1987 and 1987–1994), distinguishing himself by authoring consumer protection laws. In 1988, he was one of the founders of the Brazilian Social Democracy Party (PSDB).

He was elected vice governor of São Paulo, Mário Covas's running-mate first in the 1994 election and then again in 1998. With the death of Covas, he assumed the governorship of the state of São Paulo in March, 2001, he continued Covas' policies, investing in large, state-run projects, health and education programs. All of these investments were possible through privatization programs that sold off public and state-owned companies. He was elected governor on October 27, 2002, through a runoff election, for the 2003-2006 term, with 12 million votes (or 58.64%). His current administration is marked by a reduction in the state payroll from 49% to 46% of the state's budget, the unification of purchasing systems and other "smart spending" initiatives, as well as the implementation of Public-Private Partnerships (PPPs). He was recently appointed Secretary of Development for the State of São Paulo by Governor José Serra.

He is married to Maria Lúcia Ribeiro Alckmin and is the father of three children. Sophia, Geraldo and Thomaz.[2] Thomaz died in a helicopter accident on 2 April 2015.[3]

2006 Presidential Election[edit]

On March 14, 2006, PSDB nominated Alckmin as its candidate to Brazilian presidency. Because of electoral rules, no candidate running for office may currently be in an executive office, forcing him to resign the governorship on March 31, 2006. Cláudio Lembo, the lieutenant governor, finished Alckmin's term. Alckmin's party mate, José Serra, the PSDB's presidential standard-bearer who lost to Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva in 2002, then announced his candidacy to replace Alckmin in the 2006 state elections. Serra won the vote in Brazil's first round elections on October 1, 2006 and was elected as the governor of São Paulo.

Contrary to all major polls taken in the run-up to the October 1, 2006 balloting, Alckmin surprised almost everyone and came in second place in the presidential election[citation needed]. His 41.64% of the vote,[4] along with votes cast for two, less significant candidates, as well as ballots that were left blank or spoiled, was enough to deny the simple majority necessary to re-elect incumbent President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva (known by the nickname Lula) in the first electoral round. Lula and Alckmin faced one another in a run-off election on October 29, 2006, in which Alckmin actually lost votes in comparison to the first run and Lula was reelected the president of Brazil.


External links[edit]

Party political offices
Preceded by
José Serra
PSDB Party presidential candidate
2006 (lost)
Succeeded by
José Serra
Political offices
Preceded by
Mário Covas
Governor of São Paulo
Succeeded by
Cláudio Lembo
Preceded by
Alberto Goldman
Governor of São Paulo