Geraldo Alckmin

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Geraldo Alckmin
Geraldo Alckmin em dezembro de 2016.png
Geraldo Alckmin – December 2016
31st and 35th Governor of São Paulo
Assumed office
1 January 2011
Vice Governor Afif Domingos (2011–15)
Márcio França (since 2015)
Preceded by Alberto Goldman
In office
6 March 2001 – 30 March 2006
Vice Governor Vacant (2001–03)
Cláudio Lembo (2003–06)
Preceded by Mário Covas
Succeeded by Cláudio Lembo
Secretary of Development of São Paulo
In office
19 January 2009 – 1 April 2010
Governor José Serra
Preceded by Alberto Goldman
Succeeded by Luciano Almeida
Vice Governor of São Paulo
In office
1 January 1995 – 6 March 2001
Governor Mário Covas
Preceded by Aloysio Nunes
Succeeded by Cláudio Lembo
Member of the Chamber of Deputies
In office
1 February 1987 – 16 December 1994
Constituency São Paulo
Member of the São Paulo Legislative Assembly
In office
1 February 1983 – 1 February 1987
Constituency São Paulo
Mayor of Pindamonhangaba
In office
15 March 1977 – 15 May 1982
Preceded by João Bosco Nogueira
Succeeded by Thiers Fernandes Lobo
Member of a Municipal Chamber
In office
1 February 1973 – 1 February 1977
Constituency Pindamonhangaba
Personal details
Born Geraldo José Rodrigues de Alckmin Filho
(1952-11-07) November 7, 1952 (age 64)
Pindamonhangaba, São Paulo, Brazil
Political party MDB (1972–79)
PMDB (1980–88)
PSDB (1988–present)
Spouse(s) Maria Lúcia Ribeiro
(m. 1979–present)
Children Geraldo
Residence Bandeirantes Palace
Alma mater Universidade de Taubaté

Geraldo José Rodrigues de Alckmin Filho (Portuguese pronunciation: [ʒeˈɾawdu ˈaɫkmĩ]) (born in Pindamonhangaba, November 7, 1952) is a Brazilian politician, who has been reelected in October 2014 as the governor of São Paulo, for the fourth (not consecutive) time, and former candidate for president of Brazil in the 2006 Elections. He attended the Universidade de Taubaté's medical school, specializing in Anesthesiology, before going on to work in the São Paulo Public Service Hospital. He has been governor of São Paulo since 2011 and was re-elected in October 2014 for his fourth term.[1]

Early life, education and career[edit]

Geraldo José Rodriguez Alckmin Filho was born in the city of Pindamonhangaba, Vale do Paraíba. Alckmin is the son of Gerlado José Rodriguez Alckmin and Miriam Penteado. Gerlado is the nephew of José Geraldo Rodriguez de Alckmin, who was a minister of the Supreme Federal Court. According to Época magazine, Geraldo received a CHristian formation from the Opus Dei Catholic prelature, and told the magazine that his uncle Jose Geraldo was from Opus Dei.[2]

Geraldo is married to Maria Lúcia Ribeiro Alckmin and is the father of three children. Sophia, Geraldo and Thomaz.[3] Thomaz died in a helicopter accident on 2 April 2015.[4]

Political career[edit]

While still in his first year of medical school, Alckmin began his political career in 1972 when he was elected to the Pindamonhangaba city council (1973–1977), and then its mayor (1977–1982). At age 25, he was the youngest Brazilian mayor. He was elected a federal deputy for two terms, (1983–1987 and 1987–1994), distinguishing himself by authoring consumer protection laws. In 1988, he was one of the founders of the Brazilian Social Democracy Party (PSDB).

He was elected vice governor of São Paulo, Mário Covas's running-mate first in the 1994 election and then again in 1998. With the death of Covas, he assumed the governorship of the state of São Paulo in March, 2001, he continued Covas' policies, investing in large, state-run projects, health and education programs. All of these investments were possible through privatization programs that sold off public and state-owned companies. He was elected governor on October 27, 2002, through a runoff election, for the 2003-2006 term, with 12 million votes (or 58.64%). His current administration is marked by a reduction in the state payroll from 49% to 46% of the state's budget, the unification of purchasing systems and other "smart spending" initiatives, as well as the implementation of Public-Private Partnerships (PPPs).

2006 Presidential Election[edit]

On March 14, 2006, PSDB nominated Alckmin as its candidate for the Brazilian presidency. Because of electoral rules, no candidate running for office may currently be in an executive office, forcing him to resign the governorship on March 31, 2006. Cláudio Lembo, the lieutenant governor, finished Alckmin's term. Alckmin's party mate, José Serra, the PSDB's presidential standard-bearer who lost to Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva in 2002, then announced his candidacy to replace Alckmin in the 2006 state elections. Serra won the vote in Brazil's first round elections on October 1, 2006 and was elected as the governor of São Paulo.

Contrary to all major polls taken in the run-up to the October 1, 2006 balloting, Alckmin surprised almost everyone and came in second place in the presidential election[citation needed]. His 41.64% of the vote,[5] along with votes cast for two, less significant candidates, as well as ballots that were left blank or spoiled, was enough to deny the simple majority necessary to re-elect incumbent President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva (known by the nickname Lula) in the first electoral round. Lula and Alckmin faced one another in a run-off election on October 29, 2006, in which Alckmin actually lost votes in comparison to the first run and Lula was reelected the president of Brazil.

Return to São Paulo[edit]

On January 19, 2009, Geraldo was appointed Secretary of Development for the State of São Paulo by then-Governor José Serra.[6][7]

Governor of São Paulo; 2011-present[edit]

State Elections 2010[edit]

At the PSDB Convenction held on June 13, 2010, Alckmin was officially named the party's candidate for the São Paulo government.[8]

Alckmin was elected governor in the first round with 11.5 million votes (50.63%) defeating Senator Aloizio Mercadante (PT) who obtained 8 million votes (35.23%).[9]

Third term as Governor; 2011-2014[edit]

Alckmin assumed the government of São Paulo for the third time on January 1, 2011. The inauguration took place during a ceremony held at State Legislative Assembly.[10]

His administration in 2013 faces strikes in education and health.[11][12] After the readjustment in the passage of the metropolitan trains and the subway, great manifestations of protests began, that also happened in all Brazil. The readjustment was later suspended by Alckmin and the mayor of São Paulo, Fernando Haddad.[13]

Alckmin's reelection campaign for 2014 was officialized on June 29, 2014.[14] In the first round, on October 5, 2014, he was re-elected with 12.2 million votes (57.31%), being the second highest percentage of votes since the redemocratization of Brazil.[15]

Fourth Term; 2015-present[edit]

Geraldo Alckmin took office for the fourth time as governor of São Paulo on January 1, 2015.[16]


  1. ^ Alckmin elected São Paulo governor for 4th time Agência Brasil, October 5, 2014
  2. ^ Eliane Brum e Ricardo Mendonça (16 January 2006). "O Governador e a Obra". Época. Retrieved May 12, 2017. 
  3. ^ "Candidatos - Presidente - Geraldo Alckmin" (in Portuguese). Folha de S.Paulo. 12 August 2006. Retrieved 30 April 2016. 
  4. ^ Tim MacFarlan (6 April 2015). "Helicopter crashes into Sao Paulo house killing five including local politician’s son". Daily Mail. Retrieved 30 April 2016. 
  5. ^
  6. ^ José Alberto Bombig e Fernando Barros de Mello (19 January 2009). "Alckmin é o novo secretário de Desenvolvimento de Serra". Folha de S.Paulo. Retrieved 18 August 2013. 
  7. ^ "Geraldo Alckmin assume secretaria em São Paulo". Clicrbs. 19 January 2009. Retrieved 18 August 2013. 
  8. ^ Daniel Roncaglia (June 13, 2010). "PSDB lança Geraldo Alckmin candidato ao governo paulista". Folha de S.Paulo. Retrieved May 12, 2017. 
  9. ^ "Apuração completa - Governador". Folha de S.Paulo. October 3, 2010. Retrieved May 12, 2017. 
  10. ^ "Alckmin toma posse e promete trabalhar 'não apenas por São Paulo, mas pelo Brasil'". Folha de S.Paulo. 1 January 2011. Retrieved 17 August 2013. 
  11. ^ Gabriela Vieira e Ricardo Chapola (5 June 2013). "Greve afeta 14 hospitais estaduais na capital, diz sindicato". O Estado de S. Paulo. Retrieved 4 July 2013. 
  12. ^ Viana, Julia Basso (19 April 2013). "Professores decidem greve em assembleia na Avenida Paulista". Portal G1 (in português). Retrieved 4 July 2013. 
  13. ^ "Haddad e Alckmin anunciam redução das tarifas para R$ 3 em SP". Terra. 19 June 2013. Retrieved May 12, 2017. 
  14. ^ Tatiana Santiago (29 June 2014). "PSDB oficializa candidatura de Alckmin à reeleição ao governo de SP". G1. Retrieved May 12, 2017. 
  15. ^ Paulo Saldaña (5 October 2014). "Geraldo Alckmin é reeleito governador de SP com 57% dos votos". O Estado de S. Paulo. Retrieved May 12, 2017. 
  16. ^ Débora Melo e Janaina Garcia (1 January 2015). "Alckmin assume 4º mandato e não cita crise hídrica em SP". Terra. Retrieved May 12, 2017. 

External links[edit]

Party political offices
Preceded by
José Serra
PSDB Party presidential candidate
2006 (lost)
Succeeded by
José Serra
Political offices
Preceded by
Mário Covas
Governor of São Paulo
Succeeded by
Cláudio Lembo
Preceded by
Alberto Goldman
Governor of São Paulo