Geranium pratense

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Geranium pratense
Meadow Cranesbill.jpg
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Geraniales
Family: Geraniaceae
Genus: Geranium
Species: G. pratense
Binomial name
Geranium pratense

Geranium pratense, the meadow crane's-bill[1] or meadow geranium,[2] is a species of hardy flowering herbaceous perennial plant in the genus Geranium and family Geraniaceae.[3]


The leaves are deeply divided into 7-9 lobes and 3-6 inch wide and the flowers are pale blue, although getting paler into the centre. The flowers have 5 petals, which sometimes have veins. The stamens have pink-purple stalks with dark purple anthers.


It is native to much of Europe and Asia, but is cultivated and naturalized elsewhere.[4][2] Several cultivars are available for garden use, of which 'Mrs Kendall Clark'[5] and 'Plenum violaceum'[6] have gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.


Meadow cranesbill is its most common name, although other names include 'meadow crane's-bill' and 'meadow geranium'.


  1. ^ "BSBI List 2007". Botanical Society of Britain and Ireland. Archived from the original (xls) on 2015-01-25. Retrieved 2014-10-17. 
  2. ^ a b "Geranium pratense". Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Database. USDA. Retrieved 19 January 2016. 
  3. ^ Clapham, A.R., Tutin, T.G. and Warburg, E.F. 1968. Excursion Flora of the British Isles. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0 521 04656 4
  4. ^ Geranium pratense L., GRIN Taxonomy for Plants
  5. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Geraium pratense 'Mrs Kendal Clark'". Retrieved 20 June 2013. 
  6. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Geranium pratense 'Plenum violaceum'". Retrieved 20 June 2013. 
Geranium pratense 'Mrs. Kendall Clark' showing flower detail