Geranium pratense

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Geranium pratense
Meadow Cranesbill.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Geraniales
Family: Geraniaceae
Genus: Geranium
G. pratense
Binomial name
Geranium pratense

Geranium pratense, the meadow crane's-bill[1] or meadow geranium,[2] is a species of flowering plant in the family Geraniaceae, native to Europe and Asia.[3] Forming a clump roughly 1 m (3.3 ft) tall and broad, it is a herbaceous perennial with hairy stems and lax saucer-shaped blooms of pale violet. It is extremely hardy to at least −20 °C (−4 °F), reflecting its origins in the Altai Mountains of central Asia.[4]


The leaves are deeply divided into 7-9 lobes and 3-6 inch wide and the flowers are pale blue, although getting paler into the centre. The flowers have 5 petals, which sometimes have veins. The stamens have pink-purple stalks with dark purple anthers.


It is native to much of Europe and Asia, but is cultivated and naturalized elsewhere.[5][2]


Several cultivars are available for garden use, of which 'Mrs Kendall Clark'[6] and 'Plenum violaceum'[7] have gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.[8]


Meadow cranesbill is its most common name, although other names include 'meadow crane's-bill' and 'meadow geranium'.


  1. ^ "BSBI List 2007". Botanical Society of Britain and Ireland. Archived from the original (xls) on 2015-01-25. Retrieved 2014-10-17.
  2. ^ a b "Geranium pratense". Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Database. USDA. Retrieved 19 January 2016.
  3. ^ Clapham, A.R., Tutin, T.G. and Warburg, E.F. 1968. Excursion Flora of the British Isles. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0 521 04656 4
  4. ^ Brickell, Christopher, ed. (2008). The Royal Horticultural Society A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. United Kingdom: Dorling Kindersley. p. 476. ISBN 9781405332965.
  5. ^ "Geranium pratense". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Agricultural Research Service (ARS), United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Retrieved 14 January 2018.
  6. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Geraium pratense 'Mrs Kendal Clark'". Retrieved 11 July 2020.
  7. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Geranium pratense 'Plenum violaceum'". Retrieved 11 July 2020.
  8. ^ "AGM Plants - Ornamental" (PDF). Royal Horticultural Society. July 2017. p. 42. Retrieved 2 March 2018.
Geranium pratense 'Mrs. Kendall Clark' showing flower detail