Geranyl acetate

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Geranyl acetate
Skeletal formula
Ball-and-stick model
IUPAC name
3,7-Dimethyl-2,6-octadiene1-yl acetate
Systematic IUPAC name
3,7-Dimethyl-2,6-octadiene1-yl ethanoate
Other names
Geraniol acetate; Geranyl ethanoate
105-87-3 YesY
ChemSpider 1266019 YesY
Jmol-3D images Image
PubChem 1549026
Molar mass 196.29 g·mol−1
Density 0.916 g/cm3 at 15 °C
Melting point < 25 °C (77 °F; 298 K)
Boiling point 240 to 245 °C (464 to 473 °F; 513 to 518 K)[1]
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
 N verify (what isYesY/N?)
Infobox references

Geranyl acetate is a natural organic compound that is classified as a monoterpene. It is a colorless liquid with a pleasant floral or fruity rose aroma. Its condensed liquid has a sightly yellow color. Geranyl acetate is insoluble in water, but soluble in some organic solvents such as alcohol and oil.

Geranyl acetate is a natural constituent of more than 60 essential oils, including Ceylon citronella, palmarosa, lemon grass, petit grain, neroli, geranium, coriander, carrot, Camden woollybutt, and sassafras. It can be obtained by fractional distillation of essential oils.

Geranyl acetate is an ester that can be prepared semi-synthetically by the simple condensation of the more common natural terpene geraniol with acetic acid.

Geranyl acetate is used primarily as a component of perfumes for creams and soaps and as a flavoring ingredient. It is used particularly in rose, lavender and geranium formulations where a sweet fruity or citrus aroma is desired.

It is designated by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration as generally recognized as safe (GRAS).

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Geranyl acetate, Good Scents Company

External links[edit]