Gerard Brandon

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Gerard Chittocque Brandon
Gerard Chittocque Brandon.jpg
4th and 6th Governor of Mississippi
In office
November 17, 1825 – January 7, 1826
Preceded byWalter Leake
Succeeded byDavid Holmes
In office
July 25, 1826 – January 9, 1832
Abram M. Scott
Preceded byDavid Holmes
Succeeded byAbram M. Scott
4th Lieutenant Governor of Mississippi
In office
GovernorWalter Leake
Preceded byDavid Dickson
Succeeded byAbram M. Scott
In office
GovernorDavid Holmes
Preceded byVacant
Succeeded byVacant
Speaker of the Mississippi House of Representatives
In office
Personal details
Born(1788-09-15)September 15, 1788
Natchez, Mississippi Territory
DiedMarch 28, 1850(1850-03-28) (aged 61)
Fort Adams, Mississippi
Resting placeColumbian Springs Plantation, Wilkinson County, Mississippi
Alma materPrinceton University
College of William & Mary

Gerard Chittocque Brandon (September 15, 1788 – March 28, 1850) was an American politician leader who twice served as Governor of Mississippi during its early years of statehood. He was the first native-born governor of Mississippi.

Early life and education[edit]

Gerard Brandon was the son of Irish immigrant, Gerard Chittocque Brandon, who established and ran the Selma Plantation in Adams County, Mississippi and Dorothy Nugent, the daughter of Irish immigrants Matthew Nugent and Isabel MacBray. The couple moved to Mississippi from South Carolina sometime in 1785.[1]

Brandon was born September 15, 1788 in Natchez, in the Territory of Mississippi, the second child and first son of the family. He was educated at Princeton University and the College of William & Mary, and served in the War of 1812. He later practiced law at Washington, Mississippi and was a successful planter, following his father's footsteps, in Adams County, Mississippi.

Windy Hill Manor, by Frances Benjamin Johnston, 1938.

He married Margaret Chambers on January 18, 1816 in Bardstown, Kentucky. In 1817 Gerard Brandon bought Windy Hill Manor. At his death, Windy Hill Manor was inherited by his daughter, Elizabeth, who married William Stanton. Elizabeth and William's descendants lived at Windy Hill Manor until the 1940s. The last in the line were three unmarried sisters, Elizabeth, Maude and Beatrice. When the last sister died in 1945, the house sat abandoned until 1965, when it was demolished.[2]

After Margaret Chambers's death in June 1820, Gerard Brandon married Betsy Stanton on July 12, 1824 in Adams County, Mississippi. The governor had a total of eight children with his two wives.

Brandon died, at the age of 61, on March 28, 1850 and was buried in a private family cemetery at his Columbian Springs Plantation in Wilkinson County, Mississippi.

Political life[edit]

A delegate to the constitutional conventions of 1817 and 1832, Gerard Brandon also helped draft Mississippi's first two constitutions. He served in the Mississippi Legislature and was elected Speaker of the House of Representatives in 1822.

Brandon became governor of Mississippi for the first time upon the death of Walter Leake, serving from Leake's death on November 17, 1825 until January 7, 1826, when David Holmes, the last territorial governor and first governor of the State of Mississippi was again inaugurated as governor.

Brandon became governor of Mississippi again on July 25, 1826 and served until January 9, 1832.[citation needed] A slaveholder himself,[3] he said he considered slavery an evil;[4] his son, however, possessed a fortune in human property, including the kidnapped Henrietta Wood.[3]


  1. ^ "Mississippi Governor Gerard Chittocque Brandon". National Governors Association. Retrieved December 1, 2013.
  2. ^ Lost Plantations of the South By Marc R. Matrana, pg 176
  3. ^ a b McDaniel, W. Caleb (2019). Sweet Taste of Liberty: A True Story of Slavery and Restitution in America. Oxford University Press. p. 108. ISBN 9780190846992.
  4. ^ Hawes, Ruth B. (1913). "Slavery in Mississippi". The Sewanee Review. 21 (2): 223–34. JSTOR 27532618.
Political offices
Preceded by Lieutenant Governor of Mississippi
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Lieutenant Governor of Mississippi
Succeeded by
Preceded by Governor of Mississippi
Succeeded by
Preceded by
David Holmes
Governor of Mississippi
Succeeded by