Gerard Chittocque Brandon
|4th and 6th Governor of Mississippi|
November 17, 1825 – January 7, 1826
|Preceded by||Walter Leake|
|Succeeded by||David Holmes|
July 25, 1826 – January 9, 1832
Abram M. Scott
|Preceded by||David Holmes|
|Succeeded by||Abram M. Scott|
|4th Lieutenant Governor of Mississippi|
|Preceded by||David Dickson|
|Succeeded by||Abram M. Scott|
|Member of the Mississippi House of Representatives|
|Born||September 15, 1788|
Natchez, Mississippi Territory
|Died||March 28, 1850 (aged 61)|
Fort Adams, Mississippi
|Resting place||Columbian Springs Plantation, Wilkinson County, Mississippi|
|Alma mater||Princeton University|
College of William & Mary
Gerard Chittocque Brandon (September 15, 1788 – March 28, 1850) was a slave-holding American politician leader who twice served as Governor of Mississippi during its early years of statehood. He was the first native-born governor of Mississippi.
Early life and education
Gerard Brandon was the son of Irish immigrant, Gerard Chittocque Brandon, who established and ran the Selma Plantation in Adams County, Mississippi and Dorothy Nugent, the daughter of Irish immigrants Matthew Nugent and Isabel MacBray. The couple moved to Mississippi from South Carolina sometime in 1785.
Brandon was born September 15, 1788 in Natchez, in the Territory of Mississippi, the second child and first son of the family. He was educated at Princeton University and the College of William & Mary, and served in the War of 1812. He later practiced law at Washington, Mississippi and was a successful planter, following his father's footsteps, in Adams County, Mississippi.
He married Margaret Chambers on January 18, 1816 in Bardstown, Kentucky. In 1817 Gerard Brandon bought Windy Hill Manor. At his death, Windy Hill Manor was inherited by his daughter, Elizabeth, who married William Stanton. Elizabeth and William's descendants lived at Windy Hill Manor until the 1940s. The last in the line were three unmarried sisters, Elizabeth, Maude and Beatrice. When the last sister died in 1945, the house sat abandoned until 1965, when it was demolished.
After Margaret Chambers's death in June 1820, Gerard Brandon married Betsy Stanton on July 12, 1824 in Adams County, Mississippi. The governor had a total of eight children with his two wives.
Brandon died, at the age of 61, on March 28, 1850 and was buried in a private family cemetery at his Columbian Springs Plantation in Wilkinson County, Mississippi.
A delegate to the constitutional conventions of 1817 and 1832, Gerard Brandon also helped draft Mississippi's first two constitutions. He served in the Mississippi Legislature and was elected Speaker of the House of Representatives in 1822.
Brandon became governor of Mississippi for the first time upon the death of Walter Leake, serving from Leake's death on November 17, 1825 until January 7, 1826, when David Holmes, the last territorial governor and first governor of the State of Mississippi was again inaugurated as governor.
Brandon became governor of Mississippi again on July 25, 1826 and served until January 9, 1832. A slaveholder himself, he said he considered slavery an evil; his son, however, possessed a fortune in human property, including the kidnapped Henrietta Wood.
- "Mississippi Governor Gerard Chittocque Brandon". National Governors Association. Retrieved December 1, 2013.
- Lost Plantations of the South By Marc R. Matrana, pg 176
- McDaniel, W. Caleb (2019). Sweet Taste of Liberty: A True Story of Slavery and Restitution in America. Oxford University Press. p. 108. ISBN 9780190846992.
- Hawes, Ruth B. (1913). "Slavery in Mississippi". The Sewanee Review. 21 (2): 223–34. JSTOR 27532618.