Gerard Nolst Trenité

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Gerard Nolst Trenité (20 July 1870, Utrecht – 9 October 1946, Haarlem), was a Dutch observer of English.

Ruize-rijmen by Gerard Nolst Trenité aka Charivarius

Nolst Trenité published under the pseudonym Charivarius (which he pronounced irregularly as [ʃaːriˈvaːrijəs][1]). He is best known in the English-speaking world for his poem The Chaos which demonstrates many of the idiosyncrasies of English spelling and first appeared as an appendix to his 1920 textbook Drop Your Foreign Accent: engelsche uitspraakoefeningen.[2] The subtitle of the book means "English pronunciation exercises" (this title has the pre-1947 Dutch spelling engelsche instead of the currently-accepted usage Engelse).[2]


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  2. ^ a b Upward, Chris (2004). "The Classic Concordance of Cacographic Chaos". The Spelling Society. Archived from the original on 2005-04-15. Retrieved 2008-06-04. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)

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