Portrait of Gerard Philips
|Born||Gerard Leonard Frederik Philips|
9 October 1858
|Died||26 January 1942 (aged 83)|
The Hague, Netherlands
|Alma mater||Delft University of Technology|
|Known for||Founding Philips|
|Parent(s)||Frederik Philips (1830–1900)|
Maria Heyligers (1836–1921)
|Relatives||Anton Philips (1874–1951)|
Gerard Leonard Frederik Philips (9 October 1858 – 26 January 1942) was a Dutch industrialist and co-founder, with his father Frederik Philips, of Philips as a family business in 1891. In 1912, Gerard and his younger brother Anton Philips converted the business to a corporation by founding NV Philips' Gloeilampenfabrieken.
Life and career
Born to a Dutch Jewish family, Gerard Philips became interested in electronics and engineering. Frederik was the financier for Gerard's purchase of the old factory building in Eindhoven where he established the first factory in 1891. They operated the Philips Company as a family business for more than a decade.
Marriage and family
On 19 March 1896 Philips married Johanna van der Willigen (30 September 1862 – 1942). They had no children.
Gerard's father was a first cousin of Karl Marx (his paternal aunt was Marx's mother). Gerard was an uncle of Frits Philips, whom he and his brother brought into the business. Later they brought in his brother's son-in-law, Frans Otten.
Gerard and his brother Anton supported education and social programs in Eindhoven, including the Philips Sport Vereniging (Philips Sports Association), which they founded. From it the professional football (soccer) department developed into the independent Philips Sport Vereniging N.V.
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