|Birth name||Thomas Gerard Joseph Victory|
|Born||24 December 1921|
|Died||14 March 1995 (aged 73)|
Thomas Joseph Gerard Victory (24 December 1921 – 14 March 1995) was a prolific Irish composer. He wrote over two hundred works across many genres and styles, including tonal, serial, aleatoric and electroacoustic music.
Victory was born in Dublin, Ireland, in 1921 the son of a shop keeper Thomas Victory and his wife, Delia (née Irwin). After schooling, he read Celtic Studies at University College, Dublin and Music at Trinity College, Dublin, earning a doctorate in 1972.
In April 1948 Victory married Geraldine Herity, they had five children: Alma, Fiona, Isolde, Raymond, and Alan. Victory died in Dublin on 14 March 1995, aged 73. His papers are held in Trinity College and the Contemporary Music Centre hold a number of his scores.
In terms of composition, Victory was mostly self-taught, although he received some formal training from John F. Larchet, Alan Rawsthorne and Walter Beckett. He also attended the "International Summer Courses for New Music" in Darmstadt, Germany.
In 1948 he was joint composer of music for a song in a play by Irish playwrightTeresa Deevy called Light Falling, this was performed by the Abbey Experimental Theatre Company in the Peacock Theatre, Dublin. His work was also part of the music event in the art competition at the 1948 Summer Olympics.
Victory's career was primarily in music administration, serving as Director of Music for Ireland's national broadcasting station RTÉ from 1967 to 1982. He was a president of UNESCO's International Rostrum of Composers, a Fellow of the Royal Irish Academy of Music and a recipient of the French Ordre des Arts et des Lettres and German Bundesverdienstkreuz.
The Gerard Victory Commission is a prize has been named in his honour awarded to the most promising individual composer.
|1988||Symphony No. 4||21'|
|1984||Symphony No. 3||40'|
|1981||Six Epiphanies of the Author||30'|
|1980||Three Irish Pictures||12'|
|1973||From Renoir's Workshop||18'|
|1970||Cyrano de Bergerac Overture||7'|
|1966||Favola di Notte||13'|
|1990||Moresca||violin, cello, harp||9'|
|1985||Commedia||2 trumpets, horn, trombone, tuba||13'|
|1982||String Trio||violin, viola, cello||22'|
|1962||Prelude and Toccata||8'|
|1994||The Wooing of Éadaoin||children's opera||20'|
|1991||Seasons of Eros||baritone, piano||25'|
|1989||The Rendezvous||soloists, orchestra||60'|
|1984||Songs from Lyonnesse||SATB choir||23'|
|1978||Seven Songs of Experience||soloists, SATB choir||23'|
|1975-1981||Ultima Rerum||soloists, two choirs, orchestra||82'|
|1975||Cinq Chansons de Rimbaud||soprano, piano||18'|
|1970||The Magic Trumpet||speaker, ensemble||15'|
|1968||Civitas Nova||soloists, SATB choir, organ||12'|
|1967||Kriegslieder||tenor, SATB choir, trumpet, percussion||14'|
|1962||Le Petit Cerf||soprano, SATB choir||6'|
|1972||Eloise and Abelard||opera|
|1964||The Music hath Mischief||opera|
|1953||An fear a phós balbhán||opera|
|1949||Once upon a Moon||opera|
|1973-1975||Processus||mixed choir, brass, percussion, pianos, tape||14'|
- Three Irish Pictures, performed by RTÉ Sinfonietta, Proinseas Ó Duinn (cond.), on Marco Polo 8.223804 (CD, 1996).
- Ultima Rerum, performed by Virginia Kerr (S), Bernadette Greevy (Mez), Adrian Thompson (T), Alan Opie (Bar), RTÉ Philharmonic Choir, National Chamber Choir, Cór na nÓg, National Symphony Orchestra of Ireland, Colman Pearce (cond.), on: Marco Polo 8.223532-3 (CD, 1997).
- An Old Woman of the Roads, performed by Bernadette Greevy (Mez) and Hugh Tinney (pf), on: Marco Polo 8.225098 (CD, 1998).
- Revel in Reel Time, performed by RTÉ Concert Orchestra, on: Celtic Collections CCD 135 (CD, 1999).
- Songs from Lyonnesse, performed by National Chamber Choir of Ireland, Colin Mawby (cond.), on: Black Box BBM 1030 (CD, 2000).
- Moresca, performed by Geraldine O'Doherty (hp), David O'Doherty (vn), Moya O'Grady (vc), on: Absolute Music [no label code] (CD, 2009).
- Prelude and Toccata, performed by Hugh Tinney, on: RTÉ lyric fm CD 153 (CD, 2016).
- Klein, Axel (2001). Irish Classical Recordings: A Discography of Irish Art Music. Westport, US: Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 182. ISBN 9780313317422.
- Strimple, Nick (2005). Choral Music in the Twentieth Century. North Devon: Amadeus Press. p. 95. ISBN 9781574673784.
- Ryan, Joseph J. "Victory (Thomas Joseph) Gerard". Dictionary of Irish Biography. Cambridge University Press. Missing or empty
- "The Teresa Deevy Archive".
- "Gerard Victory". Olympedia. Retrieved 21 August 2020. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Contemporary Music Centre. "Gerard Victory (1921-1995)". Contemporary Music Centre, Ireland. Retrieved 17 February 2015. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Unknown (2005). "Brigid's students work with national choir". Kilkenny People. Archived from the original on 18 February 2015. Retrieved 17 February 2015. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)