Gerard de Jode
|Gerard de Jode|
|Died||1591, Antwerp, Belgium|
|Known for||Cartographer, engraver and publisher|
Gerard de Jode (1509–1591) was a Netherlandish cartographer, engraver and publisher who lived and worked in Antwerp during the 16th century. He was born in Nijmegen and died in Antwerp. In 1547 he was admitted to the Guild of St. Luke, and began his work as a publisher/printseller. He often printed the works of other cartographers including Gastaldi's map of the world in 1555, Jacob van Deventer's map of Brabant in 1558, Ortelius' eight sheet map of the world in 1564, and maps by Bartholomeus Musinus and Fernando Alvares Seco.
His most outstanding work is a two volume atlas Speculum Orbis Terrarum published in 1578. It was aimed at competing with another atlas, Theatrum Orbis Terrarum by Ortelius, published eight years earlier in 1570. The competing atlas had become so popular by the time he finally published his own atlas however, that his version never sold well, despite his outstanding reputation. Only about a dozen examples have survived.
Gerard de Jode made plans for another enlarged edition, which was uncompleted at his death in 1591. His son Cornelis de Jode took over and published the Speculum Orbis Terrae in 1593. This never sold well either. Scholars consider many of de Jode's maps to be superior to those of Ortelius, both in detail and style.
In constructing his world map, HEMISPHERIUM AB ÆQUINOCTIALI LINEA, AD CIRCULUM POLI ANTARCTICI, published in 1593, Gerard de Jode was strongly influenced by Guillaume Postel’s 1581 polar planisphère, Polo aptata Nova Charta Universi.
Gerard de Jode was probably the maker of a globe made in Antwerp that also owes much to the cosmographic ideas of Guillaume Postel.
Speculum Orbis Terrarum was once the object of an attempted theft from the Yale University Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library, by rare map thief E. Forbes Smiley III. Smiley was caught and arrested after a library staff member found his X-Acto knife on the floor.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Gerard de Jode.|
- "Antique map of World by de Jode". Retrieved 2009-03-09.
- Rodney W. Shirley, The Mapping of the World: Early Printed World Maps 1472-1700, Early Riverside, Conn., World Press, 2001, pp166-7, pl.122.
- Bibliothèque Nationale de France, Paris, Département des Cartes et Plans, Rés. Ge AA 1255. Described in Marcel Destombes, “An Antwerp unicum: an unpublished terrestrial globe of the 16th century in the Bibliothèque Nationale, Paris”, in Gunter Schilder, Peter van der Krogt, Steven de Clercq (eds.), Marcel Destombes, 1905-1983: Selected Contributions to the History of Cartography and Scientific Instruments, Utrecht and Paris, HES Publishers and A.G. Nizet, 1987, HES Studies in the History of Cartography and Scientific Instruments, Vol.3, pp.337-343, p.348.