Gerhard Engel

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Gerhard Engel
Bundesarchiv Bild 146-1985-015-03, Gerhard Engel.jpg
Born13 April 1906
Guben
Died9 December 1976(1976-12-09) (aged 70)
Munich
Allegiance Weimar Republic
 Nazi Germany
Service/branchArmy (Wehrmacht)
Years of service1925–45
RankGeneralleutnant
Commands held12th Infantry Division
56th Infantry Division
Battles/warsWorld War II
AwardsKnight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves

Gerhard Engel (13 April 1906 – 9 December 1976) was a German general during World War II who commanded several divisions after serving as an adjutant to Adolf Hitler. He was a recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves.

Military career[edit]

Gerhard Engel joined the army in 1925, and served in the armed forces of the Weimar Republic and then of Nazi Germany. In 1938, he was appointed adjutant to the Commander-in-Chief of the Army. In 1941, he was promoted to major, and appointed an army adjutant to Hitler. He wrote a secret diary which was published after the war as "At the Heart of the Reich". In 1943, Engel was transferred to the Western Front. He fought in the Battle of Aachen, the Battle of Hürtgen Forest, the Battle of the Bulge, and the Battle of Halbe.

After his release, Engel was manager of a sugar factory in Nörvenich, and then of a machine factory in Düsseldorf. From April 1958 to December 1976, he worked as State Commissioner of the Society for Military Customer in North Rhine-Westphalia. Engel died in 1976.

Awards and decorations[edit]

References[edit]

Citations

  1. ^ Thomas 1997, p. 156.
  2. ^ Patzwall & Scherzer 2001, p. 539.
  3. ^ Fellgiebel 2000, p. 145.
  4. ^ Fellgiebel 2000, p. 78.

Bibliography

  • Fellgiebel, Walther-Peer (2000) [1986]. Die Träger des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939–1945 — Die Inhaber der höchsten Auszeichnung des Zweiten Weltkrieges aller Wehrmachtteile [The Bearers of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939–1945 — The Owners of the Highest Award of the Second World War of all Wehrmacht Branches] (in German). Friedberg, Germany: Podzun-Pallas. ISBN 978-3-7909-0284-6.
  • Patzwall, Klaus D.; Scherzer, Veit (2001). Das Deutsche Kreuz 1941 – 1945 Geschichte und Inhaber Band II [The German Cross 1941 – 1945 History and Recipients Volume 2] (in German). Norderstedt, Germany: Verlag Klaus D. Patzwall. ISBN 978-3-931533-45-8.
  • Thomas, Franz (1997). Die Eichenlaubträger 1939–1945 Band 1: A–K [The Oak Leaves Bearers 1939–1945 Volume 1: A–K] (in German). Osnabrück, Germany: Biblio-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-7648-2299-6.
Military offices
Preceded by
Generalleutnant Rudolf Bamler
Commander of 12. Infanterie-Division
28 June 1944 – October 1944
Succeeded by
Renamed 12. Volksgrenadier-Division
Preceded by
Previously 12. Infanterie-Division
Commander of 12. Volksgrenadier-Division
October 1944 – November 1944
Succeeded by
Generalmajor Günther Rohr
Preceded by
Generalmajor Günther Rohr
Commander of 12. Volksgrenadier-Division
November 1944 – 1 January 1945
Succeeded by
Oberst Langhäuser
Preceded by
Oberst Langhäuser
Commander of 12. Volksgrenadier-Division
27 March 1945 – 12 April 1945
Succeeded by
None
Preceded by
Generalleutnant Edmund Blaurock
Commander of Infanterie Division "Ulrich von Hutten"
13 April 1945 – May 1945
Succeeded by
None