Gerhard Johann von Löwenwolde

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Gerhard Johann von Löwenwolde
Löwenwolde family CoA
Born Swedish Estonia
Died 1721
Russian Empire
Nationality Baltic German, Estonian, Swedish, Russian
Occupation knight and diplomat in Swedish, Saxon and Russian service
Russian plenipotentiary in Livonia (1710-1713)
hofmeister of Princess Charlotte of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel (1713-1721)

Gerhard Johann von Löwenwolde (Гергард Иоганн Левенвольде, died 1721)[1] was a Baltic German Estonian knight.[2] In the 1690s, he announced support of Johann Reinhold von Patkul's lobbyism against Swedish absolutist threats to Baltic noble privileges, while also working with the Swedish authorities in Estonia.[1] He served in the Swedish army, and in 1697 was promoted major of the Swedish garrison in Riga.[3] During the Great Northern War, he first served Augustus the Strong of Saxe-Poland-Lithuania, and after taking an ambiguous stance towards August and Peter the Great of Russia entered Peter's service after the Capitulation of Estonia and Livonia in 1710. He served as Peter the Great's plenipotentiary of Livonia during the same year, and held that office until 1713, when he became hofmeister in the service of Princess Charlotte of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, wife of Peter's son Alexei Petrovich, Tsarevich of Russia.[1]

With Magdalene Elisabeth von Löwen he had the following children:[4]



  1. ^ a b c Bushkovitch (2001), p. 295
  2. ^ Kappeler (2008), p. 68
  3. ^ Левенвольде Гергард Иоганн (in Russian). Archived from the original on 25 August 2011. Retrieved 8 February 2010. 
  4. ^ Estland. Genealogisches Handbuch, p. 610


  • Bushkovitch, Paul (2001). Peter the Great. The struggle for power, 1671-1725. New studies in European history. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-80585-6. 
  • Kappeler, Andreas (2008). Rußland als Vielvölkerreich. Entstehung, Geschichte, Zerfall. Beck'sche Reihe (in German). 1447 (2 ed.). Munich: C.H.Beck. ISBN 3-406-57739-3. 
  • Estland. Genealogisches Handbuch der baltischen Ritterschaften (in German). 2, 1.2. Görlitz: Verbände des livländischen, estländischen und kurländischen Stammadels. 1930.