Gerhard von Kügelgen
Franz Gerhard von Kügelgen (26 February 1772 – 27 March 1820) was a German painter, noted for his portraits and history paintings. He was a professor at the Academy of Arts in Dresden and a member of both the Prussian and Russian Academies of Arts. His twin brother, Karl von Kügelgen, was also a painter of note.
Gerhard von Kügelgen was born at Bacharach am Rhein. After leaving school in 1789, he studied painting in Koblenz. Beginning in 1791, he worked in Bonn, where he painted portraits of Elector Archduke Maximilian Franz of Austria, minister Ferdinand August von Spiegel zum Desenberg, and the Count of Waldstein. Afterwards, Gerhard von Kügelgen and his brother undertook an educational journey to Rome, Munich and Riga, which was financed by Maximilian Franz von Habsburg.
In 1800, Kügelgen married Helene Marie Zoege von Manteuffel. They had three children together. His first son, Wilhelm, was born in Saint Petersburg in 1802, and also grew up to become a painter. The other children were Gerhard (born 1806), and Adelheid (born 1808).
During his career, Gerhard von Kügelgen painted portraits of Caspar David Friedrich, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, Johann Gottfried Herder, August von Kotzebue, Friedrich Schiller, Johann Gottfried Seume, Ludwig Uhland, Zacharias Werner, Christoph Martin Wieland, Johann Carl Simon Morgenstern and other writers, artists and scholars of his time. After moving to Dresden, Kügelgen's villa "Gottessegen" became a meeting place for artists and adherents of early Romanticism. He was also an instructor and friend of Caspar David Friedrich.
In 1820, Kügelgen was killed by a thief while en route from his studio in Loschwitz to Dresden. He is buried in the Old Catholic Cemetery in Dresden.
Gallery of works
Portrait of Friedrich von Schiller
Portrait of Caspar David Friedrich
Allegory of mourning, 1815, German Historical Museum Berlin
- Carl Clauß (1883), "Kügelgen, Gerhard von", Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB) (in German), 17, Leipzig: Duncker & Humblot, pp. 305–307
- Dorothee von Hellermann: Gerhard von Kügelgen (1772–1820). Das zeichnerische und malerische Werk. Reimer, Berlin 2001, ISBN 3-496-01229-3
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