Germaine Cellier (1909–1976) was a French master perfumer. She was known for creating bold, pioneering fragrances such as Fracas and Bandit. Cellier was also one of the first prominent female perfumers, at a time when the industry was dominated by men.
Cellier was born in Bordeaux, France in 1909. In 1930, she moved to Paris to study chemistry. After obtaining her degree, she went to work as a chemist for the French company Roure Bertrand. In 1943, she left Roure to work for Colgate-Palmolive as a functional perfumer, but returned to Roure after three months.
In the 1940s, Cellier met Robert Piguet, a former designer for Paul Poiret who had started his own fashion house. Piguet aspired to create young, vibrant fashions for the post-war period. In 1944, she created Bandit, one of the first leather chypres in perfumery. Cellier used 1% isobutyl quinoline to give Bandit an intense, leathery quality.
In 1948, she created Fracas, considered today to be the landmark tuberose fragrance. The formula, among other ingredients, contained Indian tuberose absolute, Tunisian orange blossom absolute, French jasmine, and Italian iris root butter.
In 1999, Fashion Fragrances & Cosmetics, owner of the Piguet fragrances, launched re-orchestrated versions of Fracas and Bandit.
List of creations
- Robert Piguet Bandit (1944)
- Nina Ricci Coeur Joie (1946)
- Balmain Elysees 64 83 (1946)
- Balmain Vent Vert (1947)
- Robert Piguet Fracas (1948)
- Balenciaga La Fuite Des Heures (1949)
- Balmain Jolie Madame (1953), Miss Balmain (1967)
- Burr, Chandler (2008-05-15). "Scent Notes: Fracas". T: New York Times Style Magazine. Retrieved 2009-07-16.
- Mongin, Jeanine. "Mme Cellier Germaine". Société Française des Parfumeurs. Archived from the original on 2009-06-04. Retrieved 2009-07-16.
- "Robert Piguet - Paris, France". Fashion Fragrances & Cosmetics, Ltd. Retrieved 2009-07-26.