German Armed Forces Badge of Marksmanship
The decoration is awarded to German military personnel of all grades, but is only allowed to be worn by enlisted members. The German armed forces regulations point out, that "the Schützenschnur is a decoration for weapons proficiency for enlisted soldiers." Officers can receive the award, although it is not currently authorized to be worn on their uniforms. Foreign military members also may be awarded the badge, the German military regulation on officers still applies, permitting only the enlisted members to wear the badge.
The history of the Schützenschnur dates back to the Eighty Years' War where Spanish troops were ordered to hang any Dutch person who carried a musket. Therefore Spanish musketeers began to carry ropes which were often carried over one shoulder. Awarding a cord as a decoration began in the early 18th century in Prussia under Frederick William I of Prussia.
The Reichswehr and later the Wehrmacht adapted the Schützenschnur as an award for proficiency in marksmanship. The award existed in 12 different levels with different versions for infantry and armored troops.
In 1957 the Bundesgrenzschutz introduced the Schützenschnur.
Requirements for qualification
To earn the award one must successfully shoot weapons from all three classes:
- Pistol (current service pistol is the P8)
- Rifle (there are several rifles in service, the standard rifle is the G36)
- Heavy weapon (for example machine gun (MG3) or antitank launcher (Panzerfaust 3)
The awarded grade is determined by the lowest weapon qualification.(e.g. if you qualify all gold and one bronze, you are awarded the bronze.)
Wear by allied military forces
Correct wear on the US Army uniform
In the United States military, the German Armed Forces Badge for Weapons Proficiency (Schützenschnur) is one of the few pre-approved foreign awards, requiring no individual approval request to be forwarded up the serviceman's chain of command to the United States Senate for acceptance. Occasion and manner of wear of the Schützenschnur are governed by the individual services' uniform regulations (e.g., Army Regulations 670-1 and 600-8-22:163,165); such regulations additionally specify the placement of the concealed button on the uniform with which to affix the Schützenschnur's rope. Section 22-18 part b of the DA PAM 670-1 states the following.
The German Marksmanship Award (Schuetzenschnur) is authorized for wear only by enlisted personnel. Officers may accept, but may not wear the Schuetzenschnur. If authorized, personnel wear the award on the right side of the uniform coat, with the upper portion attached under the center of the epaulette, and the bottom portion attached under the lapel to a button mounted specifically for wear of this award.
Correct wear on the US Air Force uniform
In the United States Air Force, approval needs to be obtained prior to wear on the uniform. AFI 36-2803, paragraph 7.3.2 states:
Air Force members who have been told a foreign nation has made formal offer of a decoration to them may participate in a formal presentation ceremony and receive the decoration when accepting the award is not prejudicial to military or national interest. The receipt of the foreign decoration in this manner does not constitute official acceptance. To gain official acceptance, the recipient must forward a request to accept and retain the decoration to the appropriate approval authority.
Manner of wear, when approved, is the same for USAF members as it is for US Army members, as outlined above. AFI 36-2903, dated 28 May 2015,:149 paragraphs 184.108.40.206 through 220.127.116.11 state:
Wear only one foreign badge. When wearing more than one foreign decoration (miniature medal), wear them in the order earned. Do not wear foreign decorations unless wearing other US military decorations and service medals. When authorized more than one decoration, wear them in the order earned. If authorized more than one foreign decoration from the same country, wear them in the order the country prescribes. On special occasions and as a matter of courtesy to a given country, Airman may wear the decorations of that country ahead of all other foreign decorations.
Paragraph 18.104.22.168. refers to paragraph 10.5.1.6 (now deleted) for wear location guidance, which was deleted during the last revision. The previous version included language to effect that foreign badges could only be worn in the theater earned (in this case, airmen assigned to United States Air Forces in Europe), but was not included in the most recent version. Further amplification is provided on the individual approval documentation provided by the Air Force Personnel Center, when approved.
- German Armed Forces Badge for Weapons Proficiency in Bronze (Schützenschnur in Bronze) is awarded for shooting with the rifle and the pistol and the machine pistol with at least two scores in at least bronze (medical service at least one score in at least bronze). The admissible categories of weapon depends on the branch of the service member. The category of heavy weapons (most commonly the machine gun) is not mandatory to earn the bronze badge. The rifle, pistol and machine pistol are the only weapons that require minimally score of bronze.
- German Armed Forces Badge for Weapons Proficiency in Silver (Schützenschnur in Silber) is awarded for shooting by a service member with his designated "light" weapon (pistol, rifle or machine pistol) and one of the "heavy" weapons (machine gun or Panzerfaust) with all scores at least in silver.
- German Armed Forces Badge for Weapons Proficiency in Gold (Schützenschnur in Gold) is awarded for shooting by a service member with his designated "light" weapon (pistol, rifle or machine pistol) and one of the "heavy" weapons (machine gun or Panzerfaust) with all scores at least in gold.
The number of exercises depends on the chosen (or ordered) weapon and the grade of the badge. A member of the medical branch, for example, can reach the bronze badge by two exercises with the pistol. A paratrooper needs for the gold badge one exercise with the G36 rifle (or three with the G3 rifle) AND two with the MG3 machine gun (or two with the Panzerfaust).
The German Armed Forces Badge for Weapons Proficiency in Gold is awarded with the number 5, 10, 15 etc. for annually retaking.
- The Army and Air Forces version of the award is a silver colored rope with a round metal badge on a flat end near the top of the rope, on its center it displays the German eagle surrounded by a wreath of oak leaves.
- The Navy version of the award looks the same except the rope's color is navy blue.
- "Schützenschnüre". Lexikon der Wehrmacht (in German). n.d. Archived from the original on 2018-01-18. Retrieved 2019-01-07.
- "Schießen mit Handwaffen" (PDF). StevesPages (in German). Requires username and password for access.
- "Foreign badges". United States Government Publishing Office (GPO). 32 CFR 578.120. 1 July 2008. Archived from the original on 2019-01-07. Retrieved 2019-01-07.
- "Wear and appearance of Army uniforms and insignia" (PDF). Army Regulation 670-1. Washington, DC: United States Army. 15 September 2014. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2015-04-06.
- "Foreign award info". United States Army Human Resources Command. Fort Knox, Kentucky. 29 October 2018. Retrieved 2019-01-07. Resists archival.
- "Military awards" (PDF). Army Regulation 600-8-22. Washington, DC: United States Army. 25 June 2015. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2019-01-07. Retrieved 2019-01-07.
- Sitterly, Daniel R. (8 February 2018). "Air Force Guidance Memorandum for Air Force Instruction (AFI) 36-2803, The Air Force Military Awards and Decorations Program" (PDF). Accompanies republication of AFI 36-2803 (original date 18 December 2013; incorporating Change 1, 22 June 2015). Washington, DC: United States Air Force. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2018-10-09. Retrieved 2019-01-07.
- Manasco, Shon J. (28 September 2018). "Air Force Guidance Memorandum to AFI 36-2903, Dress and Personal Appearance of Air Force Personnel" (PDF). Accompanies republication of AFI 36-2903 (original date 18 July 2011; incorporating through Change 4, 28 May 2015). Washington, DC: United States Air Force. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2018-11-02. Retrieved 2019-01-07.