German Chess Championship

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The German Chess Championship has been played since 1861, and determines the national champion.

Prior to 1880 three different federations organized chess activities in Germany: the Westdeutscher Schachbund (WDSB), the Norddeutscher Schachbund (NDSB) and the Mitteldeutscher Schachbund (MDSB). Each one organized its own championship. In 1880, the nationwide Deutscher Schachbund was founded, so afterwards only one German championship was played.

Starting from 1933, the Nazi Party took control of all social activities and until 1943 all chess championships were organized by the Großdeutscher Schachbund. After the end of World War II, separate championships were played in the occupied zones. Afterwards, from 1950 to 1989, two national championships were held in the Federal Republic of Germany and the German Democratic Republic.

After the reunification of Germany in 1989, a single tournament has been played.

Championships 1861-1932[edit]

German Congresses 1879-1932[edit]

Siegbert Tarrasch
Carl Schlechter
Efim Bogoljubow
# Year City Winner
1 1879  Leipzig Berthold Englisch
2 1881  Berlin Joseph Henry Blackburne 
3 1883  Nuremberg Simon Winawer
4 1885  Hamburg Isidor Gunsberg
5 1887  Frankfurt George Henry Mackenzie
6 1889  Breslau Siegbert Tarrasch
7 1892  Dresden Siegbert Tarrasch
8 1893  Kiel Carl Walbrodt
Curt von Bardeleben
9 1894  Leipzig Siegbert Tarrasch
10 1896  Eisenach Robert Henry Barnes
11 1898  Cologne Amos Burn
12 1900  Munich Géza Maróczy
Harry Nelson Pillsbury
Carl Schlechter
13 1902  Hannover Dawid Janowski
14 1904  Coburg Curt von Bardeleben
Carl Schlechter
Rudolf Swiderski
15 1906  Nuremberg Frank James Marshall
16 1908  Düsseldorf Frank James Marshall
17 1910  Hamburg Carl Schlechter
18 1912  Breslau Oldřich Duras
Akiba Rubinstein
19 1914  Mannheim Alexander Alekhine
20 1920  Berlin Friedrich Sämisch
21 1921  Hamburg Ehrhardt Post
22 1922  Bad Oeynhausen  Ehrhardt Post
23 1923  Frankfurt Ernst Grünfeld
24 1925  Breslau Efim Bogoljubow
25 1927  Magdeburg Rudolf Spielmann
26 1929  Duisburg Carl Ahues
27 1931  Swinemünde Efim Bogoljubow
Ludwig Rödl
28 1932  Bad Ems Georg Kieninger

German Championships 1933-1949[edit]

West and East Germany championships[edit]

German championships since 1991[edit]

Thomas Luther
Artur Yusupov
# Year City Winner
1 1991  Bad Neuenahr  Vlastimil Hort
2 1993  Bad Wildbad  Thomas Luther, Thomas Pähtz
3 1994  Binz  Peter Enders
4 1995  Binz Christopher Lutz
5 1996  Dudweiler  Matthias Wahls
6 1996  Nussloch  Rustem Dautov, Artur Yusupov 
7 1997  Gladenbach  Matthias Wahls
8 1998  Bremen  Jörg Hickl
9 1999  Altenkirchen  Robert Hübner
10 2000  Heringsdorf  Robert Rabiega
11 2001  Altenkirchen  Christopher Lutz
12 2002  Saarbrücken  Thomas Luther
13 2004  Höckendorf  Alexander Graf
14 2005  Altenkirchen  Artur Yusupov
15 2006  Osterburg  Thomas Luther
16 2007  Bad Königshofen   Arkadij Naiditsch
17 2008  Bad Wörishofen  Daniel Fridman
18 2009  Saarbrücken  Arik Braun
19 2010  Bad Liebenzell  Niclas Huschenbeth
20 2011  Bonn  Igor Khenkin
21 2012  Osterburg  Daniel Fridman
22 2013  Saarbrücken  Klaus Bischoff
23 2014  Verden an der Aller  Daniel Fridman
24 2015  Saarbrücken  Klaus Bischoff
25 2016  Luebeck  Sergej Kalinitschew
26 2017  Apolda  Liviu-Dieter Nisipeanu
27 2018  Dresden  Rainer Buhmann

Women[edit]

Congress of the German Chess Federation 1927[edit]

Year City Winner
1927 Magdeburg Mittelmann

Championships of the Greater German Chess Federation 1939–1943[edit]

Year City Winner
1939 Stuttgart Friedl Rinder
1942 Bad Oeynhausen Edith Keller
1943 Vienna Gertrud Jürgens

All-German championships 1947–1953[edit]

Year City Winner
1947 Seesen Edith Keller
1949 Munich Friedl Rinder
1951 Bad Klosterlausnitz Edith Keller
1952 Schwerin Edith Keller-Herrmann
1953 Waldkirch Edith Keller-Herrmann

Championships of the Federal Republic of Germany 1953–1989[edit]

Year City Winner
1955 Krefeld Friedl Rinder
1956 Wolfratshausen Friedl Rinder
1957 Lindau Helga Axt
1958 Gießen Helga Axt
1959 Dahn Friedl Rinder
1960 Büdingen Maria Scheffold
1961 Wennigsen Helga Axt
1962 Eckernförde Anneliese Brandler
1963 Krefeld Hannelore Lucht
1964 Bremen Irmgard Kärner
1965 Wangen im Allgäu Ottilie Stibaner
1968 Fürstenfeldbruck Ursula Wasnetsky
1970 Lauterbach Anni Laakmann
1972 Burg Anni Laakmann
1974 Kassel Anni Laakmann
1976 Brilon Anni Laakmann
1978 Delecke Barbara Hund
1980 Schwäbisch Gmünd Isabel Hund
1982 Porz Barbara Hund
1984 Bad Aibling Barbara Hund
1987 Bad Lauterberg Ute Späte
1989 Bad Aibling Isabel Hund

Open German Women's Championships since 1971[edit]

Year City Winner
1971 Zell am Harmersbach Gertrud Renz
1973 Bad Aibling Doina Pfleger
1975 Zell am Harmersbach Ursula Wasnetsky
1977 Weißenhäuser Strand Maria Kuch
1979 Wittlich Christel Neumark
1981 Brilon Annette Borik
1983 Porz Raissa Wapnitschnaja
1986 Zell am Harmersbach Annette Borik
1988 Braunfels Rita Kas-Fromm
1990 Bad Neustadt Jordanka Micic
1992 Bad Neustadt Marina Olbrich
1994 Wuppertal Ekaterina Borulya
1996 Dresden Anita Just
1998 Weimar Gundula David
2000 Rodewisch Tatyana Wassylewytsch
2002 Bad Brückenau Heike Vogel
2004 Osterburg (Altmark) Sandra Krege
2006 Bad Königshofen Petra Blažková
2008 Kerkwitz Antje Fuchs
2010 Gladenbach Heike Vogel
2012 Gladenbach Antje Fuchs

International Open German Women's Championships since 1977[edit]

Year City Winner
1977 Bad Kissingen Marta Litinskaya
1979 Bad Kissingen Maia Chiburdanidze
1981 Bad Kissingen Nino Gurieli
2014 Erfurt Christina Winterholler
2015 Bayerisch Eisenstein Jutta Ries
2016 Bodenmais Melanie Grund

Championships of the Soviet occupation zone 1948/49[edit]

Year City Winner
1948 Bad Doberan Gertrud Nüsken
1949 Bad Klosterlausnitz Mira Kremer

Championships of the GDR 1950–1990[edit]

Year City Winner
1950 Sömmerda Edith Keller, Gertrud Nüsken
1951 Schwerin Mira Kremer
1952 Schwerin Edith Keller-Herrmann
1953 Weißenfels Gertrud Nüsken
1954 Bad Saarow Ursula Höroldt
1955 Zwickau Gertrud Nüsken
1956 Leipzig Edith Keller-Herrmann
1957 Sömmerda Edith Keller-Herrmann
1958 Schkopau Waltraud Schameitat
1959 Leipzig Edith Keller-Herrmann
1961 Premnitz Waltraud Schameitat
1962 Gera Waltraud Schameitat
1963 Aschersleben Waltraud Nowarra
1964 Magdeburg Gabriele Ortlepp
1965 Annaberg-Buchholz Gabriele Just
1967 Colditz Waltraud Nowarra, Ursula Liebert
1968 Weimar Waltraud Nowarra
1969 Schwerin Waltraud Nowarra
1970 Freiberg Christina Hölzlein
1971 Strausberg Christina Hölzlein
1972 Görlitz Gabriele Just
1973 Erfurt Eveline Nünchert
1974 Potsdam Petra Feustel
1975 Stralsund Brigitte Hofmann
1976 Gröditz Petra Feustel
1977 Frankfurt (Oder) Petra Feustel
1978 Torgelow Brigitte Hofmann
1979 Suhl Brigitte Hofmann
1980 Plauen Ulricke Seidemann
1981 Fürstenwalde Annett Wagner-Michel
1982 Salzwedel Iris Bröder
1983 Cottbus Annett Wagner-Michel
1984 Eilenburg Iris Bröder
1985 Jüterbog Marion Heintze
1986 Nordhausen Carola Manger
1987 Glauchau Iris Bröder
1988 Stralsund Antje Riedel
1989 Zittau Kerstin Kunze
1990 Bad Blankenburg Gundula Nehse

Since 1991 German championships[edit]

The German Women's Championship is held every other odd-numbered year as a 9-round Swiss tournament (DFEM). In even-numbered years an international open tournament is held (IODFEM).[1]

Elisabeth Pähtz
Year City Winner[2]
1991  Beverungen  Anke Koglin
1993  Bad Mergentheim  Marina Olbrich
1995  Krefeld  Tatiana Grabuzova
1997  Ottweiler  Marina Olbrich
1999  Chemnitz  Elisabeth Pähtz
2001  Krefeld  Jessica Nill
2003  Altenkirchen  Annemarie Sylvia Meier
2005  Bad Königshofen  Sandra Krege
2007  Osterburg  Ljubov Kopylov
2009  Hockenheim  Polina Zilberman
2011  Bonn  Sarah Hoolt
2013  Bad Wiessee  Hanna Marie Klek
2015  Bad Wiessee  Zoya Schleining
2017  Bad Wiessee  Jana Schneider
2018  Dresden  

References[edit]

  1. ^ "DFEM - Deutscher Schachbund". www.schachbund.de. Retrieved 2016-04-09. 
  2. ^ Hund, Gerhard. "Deutsche Schachmeisterschaften der Frauen". TeleSchach (in German). Retrieved 22 March 2016. 

External links[edit]