German Minority Electoral Committee

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German Minority Electoral Committee
Komitet Wyborczy Mniejszość Niemiecka
LeaderRyszard Galla
Founded1990
Headquarters6 Konopnickiej Street, 45-004, Opole
3 Wczasowa Street, 47-400, Racibórz
Ideology
Colours  Dark blue
Sejm (Opole seats)
1 / 12
Sejm
1 / 460
Voivodeship Sejmik of Opole Voivodeship
5 / 30
Website
mniejszoscniemiecka.eu
German Minority in the Polish region of Upper Silesia (Opole Voivodeship and Silesian Voivodeship).
Votes for the German Minority in the 2007 elections, Opole Voivodeship.

The German Minority Electoral Committee (Polish: Komitet Wyborczy Mniejszość Niemiecka, German: Wahlkomitee der Deutschen Minderheit) is an electoral committee in Poland, that represents the German minority. Since 2008, its representative has been Ryszard Galla.

It is not a registered political party, but an organization by which Poland's political system gives political representation to national minorities. Candidates of the German minority are proposed by the Social-Cultural Association of Germans in Opolitian Silesia (Towarzystwo Społeczno-Kulturalne Niemców na Śląsku Opolskim) and the Social-Cultural Association of Germans in Silesian Voivodeship (Towarzystwo Społeczno-Kulturalne Niemców Województwa Śląskiego).[2]

Programme[edit]

German Minority supports Polish integration with the European Union and the development of the region of Silesia, and argues for laws supportive of minority groups (in particular, the German minority in Poland).[3]

National elections[edit]

As an organisation representing a national minority, it is not required to pass the election threshold of 5% as standard political parties in Poland are.

Election Votes % of Poland % of Opole Seats (Opole) Change
1991 132,059 1.2
7 / 10
Increase 7
1993 60,770 0.4 19.0[a]
3 / 10
Decrease 4
1997 51,027 0.4 17.0[b]
2 / 10
Decrease 1
2001 47,230 0.4 13.6
2 / 13
Steady
2005 34,469 0.3 12.9
2 / 13
Steady
2007 32,462 0.2 8.8
1 / 13
Decrease 1
2011 28,014 0.2 8.8
1 / 12
Steady
2015 27,530 0.2 8.1
1 / 12
Steady
2019 32,094 0.2 7.9
1 / 12
Steady

In 1993 there were two lists, one in the Opole Voivodeship, one in the Katowice Voivodeship. The Opole list also won one seat in the Senate.

At the 2007 Parliamentary elections the candidate list to the Sejm (Polish parliament) got 8.81% of the votes in Opole Voivodeship, and only one seat in the Sejm, Ryszard Galla (8,193 votes). He had already won a seat in 2005 and had announced the rise from 2 to 3 seats as an electoral goal early in September, thanks to the personal votes of local mayors who were supposed to reinforce the list.[4][5] The second former Sejm deputy, Henryk Kroll (7,897 votes), lost his seat and announced his resignation from the chairmanship of the Social-Cultural Association of Germans in Silesian Opole, whose delegates are due to elect a new president early 2008. The 3 candidate list for the Senate of Poland didn't succeed in winning a single seat. According to the bilingual weekly Schlesisches Wochenblatt, votes won by the German Minority list could have benefited the Civic Platform (PO), for whom 6,000 to 8,000 ethnic Germans would have voted.[6]

In 2011 the list got 8.76% of valid votes in the Opole constituency, and more than 20% in 3 powiat (Krapkowice County, Opole County and Strzelce County) out of 12. Ryszard Galla was reelected as the sole MP from the German Minority with 11,794 personal votes.[7][8]

Regional elections[edit]

Local elections to the Opole Regional Assembly:

Year Votes % Seats
1998 67,921 21,15 (#2)
13 / 45
2002 54,385 18.61 (#2)
7 / 30
2006 49,131 17.30 (#3)
7 / 30
2010 53,670 17.77 (#2)
6 / 30
2014 41,889 14.90 (#3)
7 / 30
2018 52,431 14.64 (#3)
5 / 30

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Opole Voivodeship according to the 1975-1998 borders
  2. ^ Opole Voivodeship according to the 1975-1998 borders

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nordsieck, Wolfram (2019). "Poland". Parties and Elections in Europe. Retrieved 2 December 2019.
  2. ^ "Home". dfkschlesien.vdg.pl.
  3. ^ "Program Wyborczy KWW Mniejszość Niemiecka w wyborach parlamentarnych 2015" (PDF). Mniejszość Niemiecka. 2015. Retrieved 26 January 2022.
  4. ^ Kampf um drei Sejm-Mandate[permanent dead link], Schlesisches Wochenblatt 12/09/2007
  5. ^ Engelbert Miś, 21 Kandidaten für den Sejm, 3 für den Senat[permanent dead link], Schlesisches Wochenblatt 19/09/2007
  6. ^ Nur Ryszard Galla bleibt im Sejm[permanent dead link], Schlesisches Wochenblatt 24/10/2007
  7. ^ Election results »Poland»Sejm constituency no. 21, National Electoral Commission
  8. ^ Komitet Wyborczy Wyborców Mniejszość Niemiecka, National Electoral Commission

Bibliography[edit]

  • Rabagliati, Alastair (2001). A Minority Vote. Participation of the German and Belarusian Minorities within the Polish Political System 1989–1999. Kraków: Zakład Wydawniczy NOMOS. ISBN 83-88508-18-0.

External links[edit]