Germany national football team

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from German National Football Team)
Jump to: navigation, search
Germany
Shirt badge/Association crest
Nickname(s) Nationalmannschaft (national team), Nationalelf (national eleven) or DFB-Elf (DFB eleven); Die Adler (The Eagles);
Die Mannschaft (The Team) is used mostly by non-German language media
Association German Football Association
(Deutscher Fußball-Bund – DFB)
Confederation UEFA (Europe)
Head coach Joachim Löw
Captain Philipp Lahm
Most caps Lothar Matthäus (150)
Top scorer Gerd Müller, Miroslav Klose (68)
FIFA code GER
FIFA ranking 2
Highest FIFA ranking 1[1] (December 1992, August 1993, December 1993, February 1994 – March 1994, June 1994)
Lowest FIFA ranking 22[1] (March 2006)
Elo ranking 3
Highest Elo ranking 1 (1990–92, 1993–94, 1996–97)
Lowest Elo ranking 28 (1923)
First colours
Second colours
First international
  Switzerland 5–3 Germany
(Basel, Switzerland; 5 April 1908)[2]
Biggest win
Germany 16–0 Russia 
(Stockholm, Sweden; 1 July 1912)[3]
Biggest defeat
England Amateurs 9–0 Germany
(Oxford, England; 13 March 1909)[4][5]
World Cup
Appearances 17 (First in 1934)
Best result Champions, 1954, 1974, 1990
European Championship
Appearances 11 (First in 1972)
Best result Champions, 1972, 1980, 1996
Confederations Cup
Appearances 2 (First in 1999)
Best result 3rd Place, 2005

The Germany national football team (German: Die deutsche Fußballnationalmannschaft) is the football team that has represented Germany in international competition since 1908.[2] It is governed by the German Football Association (Deutscher Fußball-Bund), founded in 1900.[6][7] Ever since the DFB was reinaugurated in 1949 the team has represented the Federal Republic of Germany – until the German reunification in 1990 commonly referred to as West Germany in informal usage. Under Allied occupation and division, two other separate national teams were also recognized by FIFA: the Saarland team (1950–1956) and the East German team representing the German Democratic Republic (1952–1990). Both have been absorbed along with their records[8][9] by the current national team. The official name and code "Germany FR (FRG)" was shortened to "Germany (GER)" following the reunification in 1990.

Germany is one of the most successful national teams in international competitions, having won a total of three World Cups (1954, 1974, 1990) and three European Championships (1972, 1980, 1996).[6] They have also been runners-up three times in the European Championships, four times in the World Cup, and have won a further four third places.[6] East Germany won Olympic Gold in 1976.[10] Germany is the only nation to have won both the men's and women's World Cups. The current coaching staff of the national team include head coach Joachim Löw, assistant coach Hans-Dieter Flick, goalkeeper coach Andreas Köpke, athletic coach Shad Forsythe, athletic coach Oliver Bartlett, scout Urs Siegenthaler, and team manager Oliver Bierhoff.[11]

Nicknames[edit]

In Germany, the team is typically simply referred to as the Nationalmannschaft (national team), DFB-Elf (DFB eleven), DFB-Auswahl (DFB selection) or Nationalelf (national eleven). Whereas in foreign media, they are regularly described as Die Mannschaft (literally meaning "The Team"). The expression Die Adler (The Eagles) is also used.[12]

History[edit]

Early years[edit]

Between 1899 and 1901, prior to the formation of a national team, there were five unofficial international matches between different German and English selection teams, which all ended as large defeats for the German teams. Eight years after the establishment of the German Football Association (DFB), the first official match of the Germany national football team[13] was played on 5 April 1908, against Switzerland in Basel, with the Swiss winning 5–3.[2] Coincidentally, the first match after World War I in 1920, the first match after World War II in 1950 when Germany was still banned from most international competitions, and the first match in 1990 with former East German players were all against Switzerland as well. Germany's first championship title was even won in Switzerland.

At that time the players were selected by the DFB, as there was no dedicated coach. The first manager of the Germany national team was Otto Nerz, a school teacher from Mannheim, who served in the role from 1926 to 1936.[14] The German FA could not afford travel to Uruguay for the first World Cup staged in 1930 during the Great Depression, but finished third in the 1934 World Cup in their first appearance in the competition. After a poor showing at the 1936 Olympic Games in Berlin, Sepp Herberger became coach. In 1937 he put together a squad which was soon nicknamed the Breslau Elf (the Breslau Eleven) in recognition of their 8–0 win over Denmark in the then German city of Breslau, Lower Silesia (now Wrocław, Poland).[15][16]

After Austria became part of Germany in the Anschluss of March 1938, that country's national team – one of Europe's better sides at the time due to professionalism – was disbanded despite having already qualified for the 1938 World Cup. As required by Nazi politicians, five or six ex-Austrian players, from the clubs Rapid Vienna, Austria Vienna, First Vienna FC, were ordered to join the all-German team on short notice in a staged show of unity orchestrated for political reasons. In the 1938 World Cup that began on 4 June, this "united" German team managed only a 1–1 draw against Switzerland, and then lost the replay 2–4 in front of a hostile crowd in Paris, France. That early exit stands as Germany's worst ever World Cup result (excluding the 1930 and 1950 tournaments in which they did not compete).

During World War II, the team played over 30 international games between September 1939 and November 1942, when national team games were suspended, as most players had to join the armed forces. Many of the national team players were gathered together under coach Herberger as Rote Jäger through the efforts of a sympathetic air force officer trying to protect the footballers from the most dangerous wartime service.

Three German teams[edit]

After the Second World War, Germany was banned from competition in most sports until about 1950, with none of the three new German states, West Germany, East Germany and Saarland, entering the 1950 World Cup qualifiers, since the DFB was only reinstated as full FIFA member after this World Cup.

West Germany[edit]

As in most aspects of life, the pre-war traditions and organisations of Germany were carried on by the Federal Republic of Germany, which was referred to as West Germany. This applied also to the restored DFB which had its headquarters in Frankfurt am Main and still employed coach Sepp Herberger. With recognition by FIFA and UEFA, the DFB maintained and continued the record of the pre-war team. Neighbouring Switzerland was once again the first team that played West Germany in 1950, with Turkey and Republic of Ireland being the only non-German speaking nations to play them in friendly matches during 1951.[17]

After only 18 post war games in total, West Germany qualified for the 1954 World Cup, having prevailed against Norway and the "third German state", the Saarland.

Saarland[edit]

The Saar protectorate, otherwise known as Saarland, was split from Germany and put under French control between 1947 and 1956. Saarland did not want to join French organisations and was barred from participating in pan-German ones. Thus, they sent separate teams to the 1952 Summer Olympics and also to the 1954 World Cup qualifiers, when Saarland finished below West Germany but above Norway in their qualification group, having won in Oslo. Legendary coach Helmut Schön was the manager of the Saarland team from 1952 until 1957, when the territory acceded to the Federal Republic of Germany. He went on to coach the championship-winning team of the 1970s.

East Germany[edit]

In 1949, the communist German Democratic Republic was founded in the Soviet-occupied eastern part of the country. A separate football competition emerged in what was commonly known as East Germany. In 1952 the Deutscher Fußball-Verband der DDR (DFV) was established and the East Germany national football team took to the field. They were the only team to beat the 1974 World Cup winning West Germans in a highly symbolic event for the divided nation that was the only meeting of the two sides. East Germany went on to win the gold medal at the 1976 Olympics. After the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989 and German reunification in 1990, the eastern football competition was reintegrated into the DFB.

Das Wunder von Bern[edit]

A statue of Helmut Rahn, who scored the winning goal in the 1954 FIFA World Cup final

West Germany, captained by Fritz Walter, met in the 1954 World Cup some of the teams they had played in friendly matches, namely Turkey, Yugoslavia and Austria. When playing favourites Hungary in the group stage, with good chances to qualify for the next round even in case of defeat, coach Sepp Herberger did not field his best players, saving them from the experience of a 3–8 loss. West Germany would go on to meet Hungary again in the final, facing the legendary team of Mighty Magyars again, which had gone unbeaten for 32 consecutive matches. In a shocking upset, West Germany came back from an early two goal deficit to win 3–2, with Helmut Rahn scoring the winning goal with only six minutes remaining.[18] The success is called "The Miracle of Bern" (Das Wunder von Bern).[19] The unexpected victory created a sense of euphoria throughout a divided postwar Germany. The triumph is credited with playing a significant role in securing the postwar ideological foundation of the Federal Republic of Germany.

Memorable losses: Wembley goal and Game of the Century[edit]

After finishing fourth in the 1958 World Cup and reaching only the quarter-finals in the 1962 World Cup, the DFB had to make changes. Following examples set abroad, professionalism was introduced, and the best clubs from the various Regionalligas were assembled into the new Bundesliga. In 1964, Helmut Schön took over as coach, replacing Herberger who had been in office for 28 years.

In the 1966 World Cup, West Germany reached the final after beating the USSR in the semifinal, facing hosts England at Wembley Stadium. Wolfgang Weber's last minute goal took the game into extra time, a goal claimed to be controversial by the English, with the ball appearing to hit the hand of a German player as it travelled through the England penalty area before he prodded it in. The first extra time goal by Geoff Hurst, nicknamed Wembley-Tor (Wembley goal) in Germany, is still controversial after all this time. As the Swiss referee did not see the situation properly, the opinion of the Soviet linesman Tofik Bakhramov who believed that the ball bounced back from the net rather than the crossbar led to one of the most contentious goals in the history of football. While the Germans pushed hard to tie the game, spectators entered the field in the final seconds, and Hurst scored another controversial goal giving England a 4–2 win.[20][21]

West Germany gained a measure of revenge in the 1970 World Cup by knocking England out in the quarter-finals 3–2, having been 2–0 down, before they suffered another memorable extra time loss, this time in the semi-final against Italy at Estadio Azteca. Karl-Heinz Schnellinger scored during injury time to level the match at 1–1, and during extra time, both teams held the lead at one time. Memorably, Franz Beckenbauer remained on the field even with a dislocated shoulder, his arm in a sling strapped to his body, as West Germany had used up their two allowed substitutions. Eventually won 4–3 by Italy, this match with five goals in extra time is one of the most dramatic in World Cup history, and is called "Game of the Century" in both Italy (Partita del secolo) and Germany (Jahrhundertspiel).[22][23] While the exhausted Italians [according to whom?] lost to Brazil, West Germany went on to claim third place by beating Uruguay 1–0, and Gerd Müller finished as the tournament's top scorer with 10 goals.

World Cup title on home soil[edit]

In 1971, Franz Beckenbauer became captain of the national team, and he led West Germany to great success as they became both the European and World Champions. They won the European Championship on their first try at Euro 1972, defeating the Soviet Union 3–0 in the final.[24][25] Then, as hosts of the 1974 World Cup, they won their second World Cup, defeating the Netherlands 2–1 in the final at the Olympiastadion in Munich.[26]

Two matches in the 1974 World Cup stood out for West Germany. The first group stage saw a politically charged match as West Germany played a game against East Germany. Both teams already were qualified for advance to the next round, and the East Germans won 1–0.[27] The West Germans adjusted their line up after the loss and advanced to the final which was the other outstanding match, against the Johan Cruijff-led Dutch team and their brand of "Total Football". Cruijff was brought down early in the German penalty area following a solo run before any of the German players had even touched the ball, and the Dutch took the lead from the ensuing penalty with just a minute gone on the clock. However, West Germany managed to come back, tying the match on a penalty scored by Paul Breitner, and winning it with Gerd Müller's goal just before half-time. A second goal by Müller was ruled offside.[28][29]

Late 1970s and early 1980s[edit]

West Germany failed to defend their titles in the next two major international tournaments. They lost to Czechoslovakia in the final of Euro 1976 in a penalty shootout by a score of 5–3 after the match finished 2–2, with Uli Hoeneß famously kicking the ball sky high.[30] Since that loss, Germany has not lost a penalty shootout in major international tournaments. In fact, until Lukas Podolski's shot was saved by the Serbian goalkeeper Vladimir Stojković during group play of the 2010 World Cup, the last penalty missed by a German player dates back to the 1982 World Cup semifinals when the French goalkeeper Jean-Luc Ettori saved Uli Stielike's shot.[31]

In the 1978 World Cup, Germany was eliminated in the second group stage after losing 2–3 to Austria, who had already been eliminated from the round of 16. Schön retired as coach afterward, and the post was taken over by his assistant, Jupp Derwall.

West Germany's first tournament under Derwall was successful, as they earned their second European title at Euro 1980 after defeating Belgium 2–1 in the final.[32] West Germany then reached the final of the 1982 World Cup, though not without difficulties. They were upset 1–2 by Algeria in their first match,[33] but managed to advance to the second round with a controversial 1–0 win over Austria. Then, in the semifinal against France, they came back from down 1–3 during extra time to tie the match 3–3 and won the following penalty shootout 5–4.[34][35] In the final, they were defeated by Italy 1–3.[36]

During this period, West Germany also had one of the world's most productive goal scorers in Gerd Müller, who racked up fourteen goals in two World Cups (1970 and 1974). His ten goals in 1970 are the third-most ever in a tournament, behind France's Just Fontaine and Hungarian Sándor Kocsis. Though Müller's all-time World Cup record of 14 goals was broken by Ronaldo in 2006, it took Ronaldo three tournaments to do so (1998, 2002, and 2006). Germany's Miroslav Klose is in third place all-time, with fourteen goals, scored over three tournaments (2002, 2006, and 2010).[37][38][39][40]

Beckenbauer's triumph as coach[edit]

Franz Beckenbauer

After West Germany were unexpectedly eliminated in the first round of Euro 1984, Franz Beckenbauer returned to the national team to replace Derwall as coach.[41] In the 1986 World Cup, West Germany finished as runners-up for the second consecutive tournament after again beating France 2–0 in the semi-finals but losing to the Diego Maradona-led Argentina in the final, 2–3.[42][43] In Euro 1988, West Germany's hopes of winning the tournament on home soil were spoiled by the Netherlands, as the Dutch gained revenge of their loss in 1974 by beating them 2–1 in the semifinals.[44]

In the 1990 World Cup, West Germany finally won their third World Cup title in its unprecedented third consecutive final appearance.[45] Captained by Lothar Matthäus, they defeated Yugoslavia (4–1), UAE (5–1), the Netherlands (2–1), Czechoslovakia (1–0), and England (1–1, 4–3 on penalty kicks) on the way to a final rematch against Argentina.[46][47] West Germany won 1–0, with the only goal being a penalty scored in the 85th minute by Andreas Brehme.[45] Beckenbauer, who won the World Cup as the national team's captain in 1974, thus became the second person ever (preceded only by Mário Zagallo) to win the World Cup as both player and coach, and the first as both captain and coach.[41]

Olympic football[edit]

Olympic medal record
Olympic Games
Bronze 1988 Seoul Team

Prior to 1984, Olympic football was an amateur event, meaning that only non-professional players could participate. Due to this, West Germany was never able to achieve the same degree of success at the Olympics as at the World Cup, with the only medal coming in the 1988 Olympics, when they won the bronze medal. Since then, however, no German team has managed to qualify for the Olympics, even after the change of rules to include professionals, among them three athletes over 23 years old. West Germany also reached the second round in both 1972 and 1984. On the other hand, East Germany did far better, winning a gold, a silver and two bronze medals (one representing the United Team of Germany).

Berti Vogts years (1990–1998)[edit]

Berti Vogts

In February 1990, months after the fall of the Berlin Wall, the draw for the 1992 European Championship qualifying tournament saw East Germany and West Germany drawn together in Group 5. After West Germany's 1990 World Cup win, with assistant Berti Vogts taking over as the national team coach, the retiring Beckenbauer infamously predicted that the German team, with additional former East Germans to choose from, would be invincible for years to come. The reunification of Germany was confirmed in August to take effect on 3 October 1990, with the accession of the former GDR to the Federal Republic of Germany. The members of the East German association Deutscher Fußball-Verband acceded to the DFB in November, while the 1990–91 seasons would continue, with the restructuring of leagues scheduled for 1991–92. The first game with a unified German team, including former East German internationals such as Matthias Sammer and Ulf Kirsten, was against Switzerland on 19 December.

In Euro 1992, Germany reached the final, but lost 0–2 to surprise winners Denmark.[48] As the defending champions in the 1994 World Cup, they were upset 1–2 in the quarterfinals by Bulgaria even though they led for the first part of the match.[49][50]

Reunified Germany won their first major international title at Euro 1996, becoming the European champions for the third time.[51] They defeated hosts England on penalty kicks (6–5 after a 1–1 draw) in the semifinals[52] and the Czech Republic 2–1 in the final, a match decided by a golden goal scored by Oliver Bierhoff.[53] Matthias Sammer won the Ballon d'Or in 1996 for his performances for Germany and Borussia Dortmund.

However, in the 1998 World Cup, Germany were again eliminated by a less-heralded opponent in the quarterfinals, this time in a 0–3 defeat to Croatia.[54] Vogts stepped down afterwards and was replaced by Erich Ribbeck.[55]

Oliver Kahn/Michael Ballack era[edit]

Following another early World Cup exit in 1998 along with the retirement of many key players and discouraging results under Ribbeck, Germany's standing as one of the world's elite national sides was in question.

In Euro 2000, the aging team went out in the first round after failing to win any of their three matches, including an embarrassing 0–3 loss to an understrength Portugal side (who had already advanced to the next round).[56] Ribbeck resigned amid strong public criticism and was replaced temporarily and then permanently by Rudi Völler – after planned successor Christoph Daum was involved in a drug scandal.[57][58][59]

Coming into the 2002 World Cup, expectations of the German team were low due to poor results in the qualifiers. This included not directly qualifying for the finals for the first time. The team nonetheless dealt a thrashing to Saudi Arabia 8–0 in their first match.[60] In the knockout stages, riding on the heroics of Oliver Kahn and Michael Ballack they produced three consecutive 1–0 wins against Paraguay,[61] the United States,[62] and co-hosts South Korea,[63] setting up a final against Brazil, the first World Cup meeting between the two. Unfortunately Ballack was suspended for the final due to accumulated yellow cards and Kahn was injured during the final proper. In a hard-fought match, Germany thus lost 0–2.[64] Nevertheless, Miroslav Klose won the Silver Boot and German captain and goalkeeper Oliver Kahn won the Golden Ball,[65] the first time in the World Cup's history that a goalkeeper was named the best player of the tournament, as well as the Yashin-Award for the best goalkeeper in the tournament.[66]

Germany failed to build on their success in 2002 and again exited in the first round of Euro 2004, this time drawing their first two matches and losing the third. As was the case in 2000, the team exited losing to an understrength side that had already advanced, in this case the Czech Republic. Even though Germany dominated the match, they could not score, losing to a Czech goal scored on the break.[67] Völler resigned afterwards,[68] denouncing the constant media criticism in a famous TV interview. The national team had to find their third new coach in six years after having had only six coaches in the previous 75 years. When prospective candidates including Ottmar Hitzfeld and Otto Rehhagel turned down the job,[69][70] former national team player Jürgen Klinsmann, who had never held any coaching jobs before, was appointed.[71] In similar style to Beckenbauer's former role as team manager without a coaching license, the experienced Joachim Löw from Stuttgart was appointed to assist him. Klinsmann made Michael Ballack the captain following Euro 2004. Klinsmann's main task was to lead the national team to a good showing at the 2006 World Cup being hosted in Germany.

Prior to the start of the tournament, hopes were not as high for Germany as in previous tournaments (even in Germany itself), even though it was the host nation. Critics pointed out the apparent lack of quality players in the squad and coach Klinsmann's decision to live in America rather than Germany. However, Germany won the opening game of the World Cup against Costa Rica 4–2.[72] They continued to develop both confidence and support across the group stage, conceding no further goals as they beat Poland 1–0[73] and Ecuador 3–0, with Miroslav Klose scoring twice and Lukas Podolski adding another in the last match.[74] Germany finished on top of their group with three wins. The team went on to defeat Sweden 2–0 in the round of 16, with Lukas Podolski netting both goals in only 12 minutes, from assists by Miroslav Klose.[75]

People watching the Germany vs. Argentina match at the Donau Arena in Regensburg

Germany faced favorites Argentina in the quarter-finals, a team that Germany had not defeated since the 1990 World Cup. Germany's clean sheet streak was broken shortly after half time as Argentina scored first to grab a 0–1 lead. However, Michael Ballack's cross, flicked on by Tim Borowski, allowed Klose to head in the equalizer with 10 minutes to spare. During the subsequent penalty shootout, goalkeeper Jens Lehmann saved two shots while his teammates all converted their shots to win the shootout 4–2.[76][77][78] After the game, the Argentinians started a brawl, which later resulted in a match ban for midfielder Torsten Frings after Italian television networks showed video footage of him participating in the fight.[79]

Expectations rose in Germany following these results, with many thinking that a record eighth appearance in the World Cup final was possible even though a starter was missing and the players were tired after already playing a tough 120 minutes against Argentina. In the semifinal match against Italy, the match went to extra time again, and hopes grew high that another penalty shootout would take the team to the final match in Berlin. However, despite Klinsmann's focus on fitness, the speed and concentration of the German players faded, and they conceded two goals in the final ninety seconds of extra time.[80]

Despite having their dreams of playing in the final dashed, Klinsmann's squad quickly recovered their composure, and journalists noted the team's upbeat mood in the practices leading up to the third-place match. Three starters, including captain Michael Ballack, would not be available for the third place match, and their opponent Portugal's goalkeeper, Ricardo, had up to that point conceded only one goal in regular play. Nonetheless, Germany thoroughly defeated Portugal 3–1, at one point leading 3–0 due to Bastian Schweinsteiger's two goals and an own goal, also off his shot, by Portugal's Petit.[81]

With this victory, Germany ended the World Cup on a high, not only with the 3–1 win over Portugal in the battle for third place, but also with several awards: Miroslav Klose was awarded the Golden Boot for his tournament-leading five goals,[82] becoming the first player from the united Germany to earn it, and fellow striker Lukas Podolski won the 'Best Young Player' award.[83] Furthermore, four of Germany's players (Jens Lehmann, Philipp Lahm, Michael Ballack, and Miroslav Klose) were selected for the tournament All-Star Team.[84] In addition, with 14 goals scored, the German side scored more goals than any other team in the tournament.[85] After the tournament, over 500,000 people honored the team by giving them a hero's welcome at the Brandenburg Gate in Berlin.

Rejuvenation under Joachim Löw[edit]

Germany's entry into the Euro 2008 qualifying round was marked partially by the promotion of Joachim Löw to head coach, since Klinsmann retired in spite of a public outcry for him to continue managing the Mannschaft.[86][87] Löw did not have the sweeping charisma of his predecessor, but the reputation of being a shrewd and capable tactician. He quickly became notable for continually introducing talented young players into his team, leading to a continuous rejuvenation of the squad. In a group with the Czech Republic and the Republic of Ireland, Germany qualified comfortably, defeating San Marino in a record 13–0 away win along the way.[88]

For the final tournament, Germany were placed into Group B alongside Poland, Croatia and longtime rivals Austria.[89] Germany defeated Poland 2–0[90] but suffered an ignominious 1–2 defeat to Croatia, compounded by a red card for Bastian Schweinsteiger for an aggressive off-the-ball incident.[91] Germany entered the knockout round with a victory over Austria in the last match of group play.[92] The only scorer of the game was Michael Ballack, who scored in the 49th minute with a powerful long-distance free-kick that was later chosen as the German Goal of the Year. Their quarterfinal opponent was Portugal. Germany started well and took an early lead after Schweinsteiger converted a cross from Lukas Podolski. Miroslav Klose made it 2–0 after heading in a free kick by Schweinsteiger. Portugal responded with a goal right before halftime, but Germany reclaimed their two-goal lead in the second half when Schweinsteiger assisted another header, this time by Michael Ballack. Germany saw out the rest of the match comfortably, conceding a late consolation goal, leaving the final score at 3–2.[93]

Germany went into their semifinal match against Turkey as the favourites. However, the team put up a nervous and shaky performance, falling behind due to Uğur Boral's goal in the 22nd minute. Bastian Schweinsteiger equalised, and Miroslav Klose put Germany ahead with less than twelve minutes left only for Semih Şentürk to level the score in the last minutes of the match. Just as the game was heading for extra time, defender Philipp Lahm cut inside past Colin Kazim-Richards, exchanged passes with Thomas Hitzlsperger, and stole in at the near post to score in the final minute, sending Germany into the final against Spain.[94]

Spain were the heavy favourites but Germany was believed to be one of the few sides able to challenge them. Spain controlled the game and took the lead through Fernando Torres. Germany ended up losing the match 0–1, finishing as the runners-up of the tournament.[95]

For the qualification for World Cup 2010, Germany were placed in a group with Azerbaijan (led by former Germany coach Berti Vogts), Finland, Liechtenstein, Russia, and Wales.[96] Germany comfortably qualified as top of the group with 8 wins and two draws (both against Finland).

2010 FIFA World Cup finals[edit]

German national football team during Euro 2012 qualifiers

The 2010 World Cup draw, which took place on 4 December 2009, placed Germany in Group D, along with Australia, Serbia, and Ghana.[97] Throughout the tournament, Germany impressed by playing an attractive, attacking style of football. On 13 June 2010, they played their first match of the tournament against Australia and won 4–0.[98] They lost their second match 0–1 to Serbia.[99] Their next match against Ghana was won 1–0 by a goal from Mesut Özil.[100] Germany went on to win the group and advanced to the knockout stage. In the round of 16, Germany defeated England 4–1, England's highest World Cup loss to date.[101] At 2–1, however, the game controversially had a goal by Frank Lampard disallowed, despite video replays that showed the ball beyond the goal line.[102][103][104] In the quarterfinals, Germany defeated Argentina 4–0;[105] this match was also celebrated striker Miroslav Klose's 100th international cap and the match in which he tied German legend Gerd Müller's record of 14 World Cup goals, one behind the all-time record of 15 World Cup goals, which is held by Ronaldo of Brazil.[37][38][39][40] In the semi-final on 7 July, Germany lost 1–0 to Spain, in an almost flashback to the finals of Euro 2008.[106] Germany played Uruguay for Third Place, as in 1970, and won the match 3–2 on 10 July.[107]

Germany scored the most with a total of 16 goals in the 2010 World Cup, in comparison, the winning nation Spain scored only 8 goals.[108] The German team became the first team since Brazil in 1982 to record the highest goal difference in a World Cup without winning it. In an internet poll, Germany has been voted the World Cups Most Entertaining Team, although FIFA has not officially announced the award yet. German youngster Thomas Müller won the Golden Boot with the most goals and assists scored (succeeding teammate Miroslav Klose),[109] and he was also given the Best Young Player Award (succeeding teammate Lukas Podolski).[110]

The German team reflected the changing demographic of Germany. It was significantly multicultural, as 11 of the players in the final 23-man World Cup Finals roster were eligible to play for other countries, despite 10 of the 11 being born or raised in Germany. The 11th, Cacau, arrived from Brazil in his late teens.[111] Despite this transition, Germany kept the traditional strength as a team that excels when playing at major tournaments with a well-attuned team. Prior to the World Cup the Mannschaft lost in a friendly to England 2–1,[112] another friendly against Argentina 1–0,[113] and less than a year after the World Cup Germany lost against Australia 2–1.[114] While losing on home soil in friendlies, Germany decisively thrashed all these three teams in the tournament in South Africa, scoring four goals in each match.

Euro 2012 qualification[edit]

Germany qualified top of Group A in qualification for UEFA Euro 2012 with a record of 10 wins out of ten matches against Kazakhstan, Turkey, Austria, Belgium, and Azerbaijan.[115]


Team
Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts
 Germany 10 10 0 0 34 7 +27 30
 Turkey 10 5 2 3 13 11 +2 17
 Belgium 10 4 3 3 21 15 +6 15
 Austria 10 3 3 4 16 17 −1 12
 Azerbaijan 10 2 1 7 10 26 −16 7
 Kazakhstan 10 1 1 8 6 24 −18 4
  Austria Azerbaijan Belgium Germany Kazakhstan Turkey
Austria  3–0 0–2 1–2 2–0 0–0
Azerbaijan  1–4 1–1 1–3 3–2 1–0
Belgium  4–4 4–1 0–1 4–1 1–1
Germany  6–2 6–1 3–1 4–0 3–0
Kazakhstan  0–0 2–1 0–2 0–3 0–3
Turkey  2–0 1–0 3–2 1–3 2–1


Euro 2012 finals[edit]

The draw for the final tournament took place on 2 December 2011 at the Ukraine Palace of Arts in Kiev, Ukraine.[116][117] Germany was placed in group B along with Portugal, Netherlands, and Denmark, thus making it the group of death.

As the only team to have won all three group matches, Germany went on to defeat Greece in the quarter-final and set a historic record in international football of 15 consecutive wins in all competitive matches.[118] In the semi-final match against Italy, despite high expectations, Germany was unable to break the record to defeat Italy in any competitive matches.

Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts
 Germany 3 3 0 0 5 2 +3 9
 Portugal 3 2 0 1 5 4 +1 6
 Denmark 3 1 0 2 4 5 −1 3
 Netherlands 3 0 0 3 2 5 −3 0
9 June 2012
21:45 UTC+3
Germany  1–0  Portugal
Gómez Goal 72' Report
Arena Lviv, Lviv
Attendance: 32,990
Referee: Stéphane Lannoy (France)

13 June 2012
21:45 UTC+3
Netherlands  1–2  Germany
Van Persie Goal 73' Report Gómez Goal 24'38'
Metalist Stadium, Kharkiv
Attendance: 37,750
Referee: Jonas Eriksson (Sweden)

17 June 2012
21:45 UTC+3
Denmark  1–2  Germany
Krohn-Dehli Goal 24' Report Podolski Goal 19'
Bender Goal 80'
Arena Lviv, Lviv
Attendance: 32,990
Referee: Carlos Velasco Carballo (Spain)

22 June 2012
20:45 UTC+2
Germany  4–2  Greece
Lahm Goal 39'
Khedira Goal 61'
Klose Goal 68'
Reus Goal 74'
Report Samaras Goal 55'
Salpingidis Goal 89' (pen.)
PGE Arena, Gdańsk
Attendance: 38,751
Referee: Damir Skomina (Slovenia)

28 June 2012
20:45 UTC+2
Germany  1–2  Italy
Özil Goal 90+2' (pen.) Report Balotelli Goal 20'36'
National Stadium, Warsaw
Attendance: 55,540
Referee: Stéphane Lannoy (France)

2014 FIFA World Cup qualification[edit]

On 30 July 2011 at the 2014 FIFA World Cup preliminary draw, Germany were placed in Group C. They commenced their qualifying campaign in late 2012 in a group that featured contenders Sweden, Republic of Ireland, Austria, Faroe Islands and Kazakhstan.[119]

Group C


Team
Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts
 Germany 10 9 1 0 36 10 +26 28
 Sweden 10 6 2 2 19 14 +5 20
 Austria 10 5 2 3 20 10 +10 17
 Republic of Ireland 10 4 2 4 16 17 −1 14
 Kazakhstan 10 1 2 7 6 21 −15 5
 Faroe Islands 10 0 1 9 4 29 −25 1
  Austria Faroe Islands Germany Kazakhstan Republic of Ireland Sweden
Austria  6–0 1–2 4–0 1–0 2–1
Faroe Islands  0–3 0–3 1–1 1–4 1–2
Germany  3–0 3–0 4–1 3–0 4–4
Kazakhstan  0–0 2–1 0–3 1–2 0–1
Republic of Ireland  2–2 3–0 1–6 3–1 1–2
Sweden  2–1 2–0 3–5 2–0 0–0


Recent results and forthcoming fixtures[edit]

2013[edit]

2014[edit]

2015[edit]

Stadiums[edit]

Olympic Stadium (Berlin)

Germany does not have a national stadium, so the national team's home matches are rotated among various stadiums around the country. They have played home matches in 39 different cities so far, including venues that were German at the time of the match, such as Vienna, Austria, which staged three games between 1938 and 1942.

National team matches have been held most often (42 times) in the stadiums of Berlin, which was the venue of Germany's first home match (in 1908 against England), the current Olympiastadion provides seats for 74,500 spectators. Other common host cities include Hamburg (34 matches), Stuttgart (29), Hanover (24) and Dortmund. Another notable location is Munich, which has hosted numerous notable matches throughout the history of German football, including the 1974 FIFA World Cup Final, which Germany won against the Netherlands.

Kit[edit]

The 2006 World Cup saw an unprecedented widespread public display of the national flag in Germany.

Adidas AG is the longstanding kit provider to the national team, a sponsorship that began in 1954 and is contracted to continue until at least 2018. Nike, Inc. had been courting the team, and in August 2007 reportedly offered as much as €500 million to outfit the team for an eight-year period – a figure that is six times what Adidas currently pays – but the federation decided to remain with Germany-based Adidas.[120] In the 70s, Germany wore Erima kits (Erima is a German brand, that currently is a subsidiary of Adidas).[121][122]

The national team's home kit has always been a white shirt and black shorts. The colours are derived from the 19th century flag of the north German State of Prussia. Since 1988, many of the home kit's designs incorporate details patterned after the German flag. For the 2014 FIFA World Cup however, an all-white kit with red and black details will be used which has been a source of controversy amongst some people who claim such kit does not look German enough. The away shirt colour has changed several times. Historically, green shirt with white shorts is the most often used alternative colour combination, derived from the DFB colors (and the ones of a playing field),[citation needed] though it is also reported that the choice is in recognition of the fact that Ireland, whose home shirts are green, were the first nation to play Germany in a friendly game after World War II. Other colours such as grey and black have also been used. A change, from black to red, came in 2005 on the request of Jürgen Klinsmann, citing that teams in red are statistically more successful, and perceived as more intimidating.[123] He hoped to use the red away shirt as first choice for the 2006 World Cup despite less than impressive results when playing in these colors (for example, the 1–4 loss in Italy), but Germany played every game at the 2006 World Cup in its home white colours. In 2010, the away colours then changed back to a black shirt and white shorts, but at the tournament the team dressed up in the black shorts from the home kit. The new away kit was worn by the team for the first time in a friendly against Argentina on 3 March 2010. The German team has since resumed the use of a green shirt on its away kit.

Historical kits[edit]

Home[124]

1908
World Cup
1934
World Cup
1938 [125]
World Cup
1954
World Cup
1970
World Cup
1974
World Cup
1978
Euro 1980 and World Cup 1982
Euro
1984
World Cup
1986
Euro 1988 and World Cup 1990
Euro
1992
World Cup
1994
Euro
1996
World Cup
1998
Euro
2000
World Cup
2002
Euro
2004
World Cup
2006
Euro
2008
World Cup
2010
Euro
2012
World Cup
2014

Away[124]

World Cup
1954 – 1958
World Cup
1966 – 1970
World Cup
1974 – 1978
Euro 1980 – World Cup 1982
Euro 1984 – World Cup 1986
Euro 1988 – World Cup 1990
Euro
1992
World Cup
1994
Euro
1996
World Cup
1998
Euro
2000
World Cup
2002
Euro
2004
ConFed Cup
2005
World Cup
2006
Euro
2008
World Cup
2010
Euro
2012
World Cup
2014

Media coverage[edit]

Germany's qualifying matches and friendlies are currently televised by ARD and ZDF. World cup games featuring the German national football team are among the most-watched events in the history of television in Germany.

Competition records[edit]

Germany has won the World Cup three times, behind only Brazil (five titles) and Italy (four titles).[126] It has finished as runners-up four times.[126] In terms of semifinal appearances, Germany leads with 12, two more than Brazil's 10, which had participated in two more tournaments.[126] In the last 15 World Cup tournaments, Germany has always reached at least the stage of the last eight teams.[126] Germany has also qualified for every of the 17 World Cups it has entered – it did not enter the inaugural competition in Uruguay of 1930 for economic reasons, and could not qualify for or compete in the post-war 1950 World Cup as the DFB was reinstated as a FIFA member only two months after this tournament.

Germany has also won the European Championship three times (Spain and France are the only other multiple-time winners with three and two titles respectively), and finished as runners-up three times as well.[127] The Germans have qualified for every European Championship tournament except for the very first European Championship they entered in 1968.[127] For that tournament, Germany was in the only group of three teams and thus only played four qualifying games. The deciding game was a scoreless draw in Albania which gave Yugoslavia the edge, having won in their neighbour country.

Germany played in the FIFA Confederations Cup twice, in 1999 (first round exit) and in 2005 (third place) as hosts.[128]

See also East Germany and Saarland for the results of these separate German teams, and Austria for the team that was merged into the German team from 1938 to 1945.

FIFA World Cup record[edit]

FIFA World Cup record FIFA World Cup Qualification record
Year Round Position Pld W D * L GF GA Pld W D L GF GA
Uruguay 1930 Did Not Enter
Italy 1934 Third Place 3rd 4 3 0 1 11 8 1 1 0 0 9 1
France 1938 First Round 10th 2 0 1 1 3 5 3 3 0 0 11 1
Brazil 1950 Banned
Switzerland 1954 Champions 1st 6 5 0 1 25 14 4 3 1 0 12 3
Sweden 1958 Fourth Place 4th 6 2 2 2 12 14 Qualified as defending champions
Chile 1962 Quarter-Final 7th 4 2 1 1 4 2 4 4 0 0 11 5
England 1966 Runners-up 2nd 6 4 1 1 15 6 4 3 1 0 14 2
Mexico 1970 Third Place 3rd 6 5 0 1 17 10 6 5 1 0 20 3
West Germany 1974 Champions 1st 7 6 0 1 13 4 Qualified as hosts
Argentina 1978 Second Group Stage 6th 6 1 4 1 10 5 Qualified as defending champions
Spain 1982 Runners-up 2nd 7 3 2 2 12 10 8 8 0 0 33 3
Mexico 1986 Runners-up 2nd 7 3 2 2 8 7 8 5 2 1 22 9
Italy 1990 Champions 1st 7 5 2 0 15 5 6 3 3 0 13 3
United States 1994 Quarter-Final 5th 5 3 1 1 9 7 Qualified as defending champions
France 1998 7th 5 3 1 1 8 6 10 6 4 0 23 9
South Korea Japan 2002 Runners-up 2nd 7 5 1 1 14 3 10 6 3 1 19 12
Germany 2006 Third Place 3rd 7 5 1 1 14 6 Qualified as hosts
South Africa 2010 Third Place 3rd 7 5 0 2 16 5 10 8 2 0 26 5
Brazil 2014 Qualified 10 9 1 0 36 10
Russia 2018 To Be Determined
Qatar 2022
Total 3 Titles 18/20 99 60 19 20 206 117 84 64 18 2 249 66
*Denotes draws include knockout matches decided on penalty kicks.
**Gold background colour indicates that the tournament was won.
***Red border color indicates tournament was held on home soil.

UEFA European Championship record[edit]

UEFA European Championship record UEFA European Championship Qualification record
Year Round Position Pld W D * L GF GA Pld W D L GF GA
France 1960 Did Not Enter Did Not Enter
Spain 1964
Italy 1968 Did Not Qualify 4 2 1 1 9 2
Belgium 1972 Champions 1st 2 2 0 0 5 1 8 5 3 0 13 3
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia 1976 Runners-up 2nd 2 1 1 0 6 4 8 4 4 0 17 5
Italy 1980 Champions 1st 4 3 1 0 6 3 6 4 2 0 17 1
France 1984 Group Stage 5th 3 1 1 1 2 2 8 5 1 2 15 5
West Germany 1988 Semi Final 3rd 4 2 1 1 6 3 Qualified as Hosts
Sweden 1992 Runners-up 2nd 5 2 1 2 7 8 6 5 0 1 13 4
England 1996 Champions 1st 6 4 2 0 10 3 10 8 1 1 27 10
Belgium Netherlands 2000 Group Stage 14th 3 0 1 2 1 5 8 6 1 1 20 4
Portugal 2004 12th 3 0 2 1 2 3 8 5 3 0 13 4
Austria Switzerland 2008 Runners-up 2nd 6 4 0 2 10 7 12 8 3 1 35 7
Poland Ukraine 2012 Semi Final 3rd 5 4 0 1 10 6 10 10 0 0 34 7
France 2016 To Be Determined To Be Determined
Total 3 Titles 11/14 43 23 10 10 65 45 88 62 19 7 213 52
*Denotes draws include knockout matches decided on penalty kicks.
**Gold background colour indicates that the tournament was won.
***Red border color indicates tournament was held on home soil.

FIFA Confederations Cup record[edit]

FIFA Confederations Cup record
Year Round Position GP W D* L GS GA Squad
Saudi Arabia 1992 Did Not Qualify [129]
Saudi Arabia 1995 Did Not Qualify
Saudi Arabia 1997 Did Not Enter [130]
Mexico 1999 Group Stage 5th 3 1 0 2 2 6 Squad
South Korea Japan 2001 Did Not Qualify
France 2003 Did Not Enter [131]
Germany 2005 Third Place 3rd 5 3 1 1 15 11 Squad
South Africa 2009 Did Not Qualify
Brazil 2013
Russia 2017 To Be Determined
Qatar 2021
Total Third Place 2/8 8 4 1 3 17 17 -
*Denotes draws including knockout matches decided on penalty kicks.
**Red border color indicates tournament was held on home soil.

Note All tournaments from 1950 to 1990 inclusively were competed as West Germany

Honours[edit]

Senior team[edit]

Olympic team[edit]

Personnel[edit]

Current technical staff[edit]

Joachim Löw and his assistant Hans-Dieter Flick in 2006
Position Name
Head coach Germany Joachim Löw
Assistant coach Germany Hans-Dieter Flick
Goalkeeping coach Germany Andreas Köpke
Fitness coach United States Shad Forsythe
Fitness coach Germany Yann-Benjamin Kugel
Fitness coach Canada Darcy Norman
Mental coach Germany Dr. Hans-Dieter Hermann
Business manager Germany Oliver Bierhoff
Sporting director vacant
Head scout Switzerland Urs Siegenthaler
Scout Germany Christofer Clemens
Team doctor Germany Professor Dr Tim Meyer
Team doctor Germany Dr. Hans-Wilhelm Müller-Wohlfahrt
Team doctor Germany Dr. Josef Schmitt
Team doctor Germany Dr. Lutz Hänsel
Physiotherapist Germany Wolfgang Bunz
Physiotherapist Germany Klaus Eder
Physiotherapist Germany Christian Huhn
Physiotherapist Germany Christian Müller

Players[edit]

Current squad[edit]

The following 21 players were called up for the friendly against Chile on 5 March 2014.[132]

Caps and goals as of 5 March 2014.
0#0 Pos. Player Date of birth (age) Caps Goals Club
1 1GK Manuel Neuer (1986-03-27) 27 March 1986 (age 28) 45 0 Germany Bayern Munich
12 1GK Roman Weidenfeller (1980-08-06) 6 August 1980 (age 33) 1 0 Germany Borussia Dortmund
16 2DF Philipp Lahm (captain) (1983-11-11) 11 November 1983 (age 30) 105 5 Germany Bayern Munich
17 2DF Per Mertesacker (1984-09-29) 29 September 1984 (age 29) 96 4 England Arsenal
6 2DF Marcell Jansen (1985-11-04) 4 November 1985 (age 28) 45 3 Germany Hamburger SV
20 2DF Jérôme Boateng (1988-09-03) 3 September 1988 (age 25) 37 0 Germany Bayern Munich
3 2DF Marcel Schmelzer (1988-01-22) 22 January 1988 (age 26) 16 0 Germany Borussia Dortmund
2 2DF Kevin Großkreutz (1988-07-19) 19 July 1988 (age 25) 4 0 Germany Borussia Dortmund
4 2DF Matthias Ginter (1994-01-19) 19 January 1994 (age 20) 1 0 Germany SC Freiburg
5 2DF Shkodran Mustafi (1992-04-17) 17 April 1992 (age 21) 0 0 Italy Sampdoria
10 3MF Lukas Podolski (1985-06-04) 4 June 1985 (age 28) 112 46 England Arsenal
7 3MF Bastian Schweinsteiger (1984-08-01) 1 August 1984 (age 29) 101 23 Germany Bayern Munich
8 3MF Mesut Özil (1988-10-15) 15 October 1988 (age 25) 53 17 England Arsenal
18 3MF Toni Kroos (1990-01-04) 4 January 1990 (age 24) 42 5 Germany Bayern Munich
9 3MF André Schürrle (1990-11-06) 6 November 1990 (age 23) 31 11 England Chelsea
19 3MF Mario Götze (1992-06-03) 3 June 1992 (age 21) 27 7 Germany Bayern Munich
21 3MF Sidney Sam (1988-01-31) 31 January 1988 (age 26) 5 0 Germany Bayer Leverkusen
13 3MF André Hahn (1990-08-13) 13 August 1990 (age 23) 0 0 Germany FC Augsburg
11 4FW Miroslav Klose (1978-06-09) 9 June 1978 (age 35) 131 68 Italy Lazio

Recent call-ups[edit]

The following players have also been called up to the Germany squad within the last 12 months and are still available for selection.

Pos. Player Date of birth (age) Caps Goals Club Latest call-up
GK René Adler (1985-01-15) 15 January 1985 (age 29) 12 0 Germany Hamburger SV v.  England, 19 November 2013
GK Ron-Robert Zieler (1989-02-12) 12 February 1989 (age 25) 2 0 Germany Hannover 96 v.  Sweden, 15 October 2013
GK Marc-André ter Stegen (1992-04-30) 30 April 1992 (age 21) 3 0 Germany Borussia Mönchengladbach v.  United States, 2 June 2013
DF Mats Hummels (1988-12-16) 16 December 1988 (age 25) 28 2 Germany Borussia Dortmund v.  England, 19 November 2013
DF Heiko Westermann (1983-08-14) 14 August 1983 (age 30) 27 4 Germany Hamburger SV v.  England, 19 November 2013
DF Benedikt Höwedes (1988-02-29) 29 February 1988 (age 26) 18 1 Germany Schalke 04 v.  England, 19 November 2013
DF Dennis Aogo (1987-01-14) 14 January 1987 (age 27) 12 0 Germany Schalke 04 v.  United States, 2 June 2013
DF Philipp Wollscheid (1989-03-06) 6 March 1989 (age 25) 2 0 Germany Bayer Leverkusen v.  United States, 2 June 2013
DF Andreas Beck (1987-03-13) 13 March 1987 (age 27) 9 0 Germany 1899 Hoffenheim v.  Ecuador, 29 May 2013
MF Lars Bender (1989-04-27) 27 April 1989 (age 24) 17 4 Germany Bayer Leverkusen v.  Chile, 5 March 2014 INJ
MF Thomas Müller (1989-09-13) 13 September 1989 (age 24) 47 16 Germany Bayern Munich v.  England, 19 November 2013
MF Sami Khedira (1987-04-04) 4 April 1987 (age 27) 44 4 Spain Real Madrid v.  England, 19 November 2013
MF Marco Reus (1989-05-31) 31 May 1989 (age 24) 19 7 Germany Borussia Dortmund v.  England, 19 November 2013
MF Julian Draxler (1993-09-20) 20 September 1993 (age 20) 10 1 Germany Schalke 04 v.  England, 19 November 2013
MF Sven Bender (1989-04-27) 27 April 1989 (age 24) 7 0 Germany Borussia Dortmund v.  England, 19 November 2013
MF İlkay Gündoğan (1990-10-24) 24 October 1990 (age 23) 8 2 Germany Borussia Dortmund v.  Paraguay, 14 August 2013
MF Aaron Hunt (1986-09-04) 4 September 1986 (age 27) 3 0 Germany Werder Bremen v.  United States, 2 June 2013
MF Stefan Reinartz (1989-01-01) 1 January 1989 (age 25) 3 0 Germany Bayer Leverkusen v.  United States, 2 June 2013
MF Nicolai Müller (1987-09-25) 25 September 1987 (age 26) 2 0 Germany Mainz 05 v.  United States, 2 June 2013
MF Roman Neustädter (1988-02-18) 18 February 1988 (age 26) 2 0 Germany Schalke 04 v.  United States, 2 June 2013
FW Pierre-Michel Lasogga (1991-12-15) 15 December 1991 (age 22) 0 0 Germany Hamburger SV v.  Chile, 5 March 2014 INJ
FW Max Kruse (1988-03-19) 19 March 1988 (age 26) 6 1 Germany Borussia Mönchengladbach v.  England, 19 November 2013
FW Mario Gómez (1985-07-10) 10 July 1985 (age 28) 59 25 Italy Fiorentina v.  Faroe Islands, 10 September 2013
Notes

INJ Player withdrew from the squad due to an injury

Previous squads[edit]

Famous past players[edit]

Most capped players[edit]

Below is a list of the 20 players with the most caps for Germany as of 5 March 2014.[8] (bold face denotes players still available for selection). Players who had played for the separate East German Team (in the scope of this list: Streich 102, Dörner 100, Kirsten 100: 49 East Germany and 51 Germany, Croy 94 and Weise 86) do not appear in this list.

Lothar Matthäus is the most capped player in the history of the national team, with a record of 150
# Player Period Caps Goals
1 Lothar Matthäus 1980–2000 150 23
2 Miroslav Klose 2001–present 131 68
3 Lukas Podolski 2004–present 112 46
4 Jürgen Klinsmann 1987–1998 108 47
5 Jürgen Kohler 1986–1998 105 2
Philipp Lahm 2004–present 105 5
7 Franz Beckenbauer 1965–1977 103 14
8 Thomas Häßler 1988–2000 101 11
Bastian Schweinsteiger 2004–present 101 24
10 Michael Ballack 1999–2010 98 42
11 Berti Vogts 1967–1978 96 1
Per Mertesacker 2004–present 96 4
13 Sepp Maier 1966–1979 95 0
Karl-Heinz Rummenigge 1976–1986 95 45
15 Rudi Völler 1982–1994 90 47
16 Andreas Brehme 1984–1994 86 8
Oliver Kahn 1995–2006 86 0
18 Andreas Möller 1988–1999 85 29
19 Arne Friedrich 2002–2011 82 1
20 Karlheinz Förster 1978–1986 81 2
Wolfgang Overath 1963–1974 81 17
Bernd Schneider 1999–2008 81 4

Top goalscorers[edit]

Below is a list of the top 10 goalscorers for Germany, as of 5 March 2014[9] (* denotes players still available for selection):

Note: former East Germany players (in the scope of this list: Streich 55 and Kirsten 34: 14 East Germany and 20 Germany) are not included in this Wikipedia list, though they are included in DFB records

Gerd Müller (top) and Miroslav Klose (bottom) are Germany's all-time leading scorers with a tally of 68 goals each.
# Player Period Goals Caps Average
1 Gerd Müller 1966–1974 68 62 1.13
Miroslav Klose 2001–2014 68 131 0.53
3 Jürgen Klinsmann 1987–1998 47 108 0.45
Rudi Völler 1982–1994 47 90 0.52
5 Lukas Podolski 2004–2018 46 112 0.42
6 Karl-Heinz Rummenigge 1976–1986 45 95 0.48
7 Uwe Seeler 1954–1970 43 72 0.60
8 Michael Ballack 1999–2010 42 98 0.43
9 Oliver Bierhoff 1996–2002 37 70 0.53
10 Fritz Walter 1940–1958 33 61 0.54

Captains[edit]

This is the list of Germany captains since Germany's first participation in a World Cup in 1934 (current as of 5 March 2014).[133][134]
Note: the column "games" signifies overall games as captain, not overall caps. East German captains are not included. Captained games outside the player's main period are also included.

Philipp Lahm, the current Germany national football team captain
Player Period Games Notes
Fritz Szepan 1934–1939 30
Paul Janes 1939–1942 31
Fritz Walter 1951–1956 30 Honorary captain
Hans Schäfer 1957–1962 16
Helmut Rahn 1957–1959 8
Herbert Erhardt 1959–1962 18
Uwe Seeler 1961–1970 40 Honorary captain
Wolfgang Overath 1968–1971 14
Franz Beckenbauer 1971–1977 50 Honorary captain
Berti Vogts 1977–1978 20
Bernard Dietz 1978–1981 19
Karl-Heinz Rummenigge 1981–1986 50
Harald Schumacher 1984–1986 11
Klaus Allofs 1986–1987 7
Lothar Matthäus 1987–1999 73 Honorary captain
Jürgen Klinsmann 1995–1998 36
Oliver Bierhoff 1998–2001 22
Oliver Kahn 2000–2006 48
Michael Ballack 2004–2010 54
Philipp Lahm 2009–present 45

Tournament records[edit]

Managers[edit]

Name Period Matches Wins Draws1 Losses Win % Honours
DFB committee 1908–1926 58 16 12 30 27.59
Otto Nerz 1926–1936 70 42 10 18 60.00 Third place at the 1934 World Cup
Sepp Herberger2 1936–1942
1950–1964
167 94 27 46 56.29 Winner of the 1954 World Cup, Fourth place at the 1958 World Cup
Helmut Schön 1964–1978 139 87 31 21 62.59 Runner-up of the 1966 World Cup, Third place at the 1970 World Cup, Winner of Euro 1972, Winner of the 1974 World Cup, Runner-up of Euro 1976
Jupp Derwall 1978–1984 67 44 12 11 65.67 Winner of Euro 1980, Runner-up of the 1982 World Cup
Franz Beckenbauer 1984–1990 66 34 20 12 51.52 Runner-up of the 1986 World Cup, Winner of the 1990 World Cup
Berti Vogts 1990–1998 102 66 24 12 64.71 Runner-up of Euro 1992, Winner of Euro 1996
Erich Ribbeck 1998–2000 24 10 6 8 41.67
Rudi Völler 2000–2004 53 29 11 13 54.72 Runner-up of the 2002 World Cup
Jürgen Klinsmann 2004–2006 34 20 8 6 58.82 Third place at the 2005 Confederations Cup, Third place at the 2006 World Cup
Joachim Löw3 2006–2020 102 70 17 15 68.63 Runner-up of Euro 2008, Third place at the 2010 World Cup
Total3 882 512 178 192 59.42
Notes
  1. Includes matches won or lost on penalty shoot-outs.
  2. Record includes periods of pre-division Germany (1936–1942 – 70 matches: 42 wins, 13 draws, 15 losses) and West Germany (1950–1964 – 97 matches: 52 wins, 14 draws, 31 losses; no national team matches and no national coaches between 1942 and 1950).[133]
  3. Record as of 5 March 2014.[139]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Germany: FIFA/Coca-Cola World Ranking". FIFA. Retrieved 12 September 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c "All matches of The National Team in 1908". DFB. Retrieved 1 August 2008. 
  3. ^ "All matches of The National Team in 1912". DFB. Retrieved 1 August 2008. 
  4. ^ "All matches of The National Team in 1909". DFB. Retrieved 1 August 2008. 
  5. ^ Note that this match is not considered to be a full international by the English FA, and does not appear in the records of the England team
  6. ^ a b c "Germany". FIFA. Retrieved 14 January 2012. 
  7. ^ "Germany's strength in numbers". UEFA. Retrieved 14 January 2012. 
  8. ^ a b "Statistics – Most-capped players". DFB. Retrieved 11 October 2011. 
  9. ^ a b "Statistics – Top scorers". DFB. Retrieved 11 October 2011. 
  10. ^ "Olympic Football Tournament Montreal 1976". FIFA. Retrieved 28 December 2011. 
  11. ^ "Das Team hinter dem Team" (in German). DFB. Retrieved 21 May 2010. 
  12. ^ heimatsport.deGanz in Weiß: Die Adler tragen ihre neuen Kleider
  13. ^ In early times it was simply called "die 11 besten Spieler von Deutschland" or just "die Bundesauswahl" (the Federation XI). Tags like "National team" or "National XI" weren't introduced until after World War I
  14. ^ "Professor Otto Nerz". DFB (in German). Retrieved 13 March 2012. 
  15. ^ Muras, Udo (16 May 2007). "Nur Hitler konnte sie stoppen" (in German). Retrieved 7 March 2012. 
  16. ^ "All matches of The National Team in 1937". DFB. Retrieved 1 January 2009. 
  17. ^ "(West) Germany – International Results". RSSSF. Retrieved 1 January 2009. 
  18. ^ Nick Amies (1 April 2010). "World Cup Final, 1954: Hungary vs. West Germany". The Making of a World Cup Legend. Deutsche Welle. Retrieved 30 March 2012. 
  19. ^ "The Miracle of Bern". FIFA. Retrieved 8 March 2012. 
  20. ^ Nick Amies (1 April 2010). "World Cup Final, 1966: England vs. West Germany". The Making of a World Cup Legend. Deutsche Welle. Retrieved 30 March 2012. 
  21. ^ "England’s claim to the firmament". FIFA. Retrieved 8 March 2012. 
  22. ^ Nick Amies (1 April 2010). "World Cup Semi-Final, 1970: Italy vs. West Germany". The Making of a World Cup Legend. Deutsche Welle. Retrieved 30 March 2012. 
  23. ^ "A test of endurance and will". FIFA. Retrieved 8 March 2012. 
  24. ^ "Müller the menace in German masterclass". UEFA. 3 October 2003. Retrieved 2 March 2012. 
  25. ^ "West Germany make their mark". UEFA. Retrieved 2 March 2012. 
  26. ^ "1974 FIFA World Cup Germany – Dutch take plaudits but Germany take the prize". FIFA. Retrieved 7 March 2012. 
  27. ^ "East edge battle of brothers". FIFA. Retrieved 8 March 2012. 
  28. ^ Nick Amies (1 April 2010). "World Cup Final, 1974: West Germany vs. The Netherlands". The Making of a World Cup Legend. Deutsche Welle. Retrieved 30 March 2012. 
  29. ^ "Oranje crushed in Munich". FIFA. Retrieved 8 March 2012. 
  30. ^ "Panenka's panache seals Czech triumph". UEFA. 3 October 2003. Retrieved 2 March 2012. 
  31. ^ Ley, John (18 June 2010). "World Cup 2010: Lukas Podolski's missed penalty sees him join elite Germany club". The Daily Telegraph (London). Retrieved 8 March 2012. 
  32. ^ "Hrubesch turns West Germany's unlikely hero". UEFA. 4 October 2003. Retrieved 2 March 2012. 
  33. ^ "Les Fennecs spring a surprise". FIFA. Retrieved 8 March 2012. 
  34. ^ Nick Amies (1 April 2010). "World Cup Semi-Final, 1982: West Germany vs. France". The Making of a World Cup Legend. Deutsche Welle. Retrieved 30 March 2012. 
  35. ^ "Battling Germans knock out brave Bleus". FIFA. Retrieved 8 March 2012. 
  36. ^ "Italians triumph in heavyweight rumble". FIFA. Retrieved 8 March 2012. 
  37. ^ a b c d e "FIFA World Cup Record – Players". FIFA. Retrieved 14 January 2012. 
  38. ^ a b c Eddie Griffin (20 April 2010). "World Cup All-Time Top Goal Scorers". Soccerlens. Retrieved 14 January 2012. 
  39. ^ a b c "German World Cup top scorers". DFB. Retrieved 14 January 2012. 
  40. ^ a b c Chowdhury, Saj (27 June 2006). "Ronaldo's riposte". BBC Sport. Retrieved 14 January 2012. 
  41. ^ a b "Franz Beckenbauer". FIFA. Retrieved 1 February 2012. 
  42. ^ "1986 FIFA World Cup Mexico – Maradona lights up the world – with a helping hand". FIFA. Retrieved 1 February 2012. 
  43. ^ "1986 FIFA World Cup Mexico – Matches". FIFA. Retrieved 1 February 2012. 
  44. ^ "Van Basten sparks Netherlands joy". UEFA. Retrieved 1 February 2012. 
  45. ^ a b "1990 FIFA World Cup Italy – Germany hit winning note as Italian chorus fades". FIFA. Retrieved 1 February 2012. 
  46. ^ "Gazza weeps as Germans prevail". FIFA. Retrieved 8 March 2012. 
  47. ^ "1990 FIFA World Cup Italy – Matches". FIFA. Retrieved 1 February 2012. 
  48. ^ "Gatecrashing Denmark down Germany". UEFA. 5 October 2003. Retrieved 2 March 2012. 
  49. ^ "Bulgaria Ends Germany's Reign". New York Times. 11 July 1994. Retrieved 8 March 2012. 
  50. ^ Mifflin, Lawrie (11 July 1994). "WORLD CUP '94; Bulgaria, a Small Foot in Soccer, Steps Closer to Glass Slipper". New York Times. Retrieved 8 March 2012. 
  51. ^ Thomsen, Ian (1 July 1996). "Germany Wins Euro 96 With a 'Golden Goal'". The New York Times. Retrieved 12 March 2012. 
  52. ^ "Hosts denied by Germany in epic semi-final". UEFA. 6 October 2003. Retrieved 2 March 2012. 
  53. ^ "Bierhoff hero of Germany's EURO '96 win". UEFA. 6 October 2003. Retrieved 2 March 2012. 
  54. ^ Longman, Jere (5 July 1998). "WORLD CUP '98; Croatia Stuns Germany With the Aid Of a Red Card". New York Times. Retrieved 2 March 2012. 
  55. ^ Hughes, Rob (9 September 1998). "Another Day, Another Coach Gone:Now It's Vogts". New York Times. Retrieved 7 March 2012. 
  56. ^ "Holders Germany suffer heavy defeat". BBC Sport (British Broadcasting Corporation). 20 June 2000. Retrieved 11 March 2012. 
  57. ^ "Ribbeck quits as Germans head home". BBC Sport (British Broadcasting Corporation). 21 June 2000. Retrieved 11 March 2012. 
  58. ^ "Voller named as caretaker coach". BBC Sport (British Broadcasting Corporation). 2 July 2000. Retrieved 11 March 2012. 
  59. ^ "Daum: I took cocaine". BBC Sport (British Broadcasting Corporation). 12 January 2001. Retrieved 8 March 2012. 
  60. ^ "Germany savage Saudis". BBC Sport (BBC). 1 June 2002. Retrieved 11 February 2012. 
  61. ^ "Germany edge out Paraguay". BBC Sport (BBC). 15 June 2002. Retrieved 11 February 2012. 
  62. ^ "Germany beat valiant USA". BBC Sport (BBC). 22 June 2002. Retrieved 11 February 2012. 
  63. ^ "Germany shatter Korea". BBC Sport (BBC). 25 June 2002. Retrieved 11 February 2012. 
  64. ^ "Brazil crowned world champions". BBC Sport (BBC). 30 June 2002. Retrieved 11 February 2012. 
  65. ^ "Kahn wins Golden Ball award". BBC Sport (BBC). 2 July 2002. Retrieved 11 February 2012. 
  66. ^ "Kahn named top keeper". BBC Sport (BBC). 30 June 2002. Retrieved 11 February 2012. 
  67. ^ "Germany 1–2 Czech Rep". BBC Sport (BBC). 23 June 2004. Retrieved 16 March 2012. 
  68. ^ "Voeller quits Germany role". BBC Sport. 24 June 2004. Retrieved 14 February 2012. 
  69. ^ "Hitzfeld snubs Germany job". London: guardian.co.uk. 1 July 2004. Retrieved 14 February 2012. 
  70. ^ "Rehhagel snubs Germany". BBC Sport. 10 July 2004. Retrieved 14 February 2012. 
  71. ^ "Klinsmann takes German post". London: guardian.co.uk. 26 July 2004. Retrieved 14 February 2012. 
  72. ^ "Germany 4–2 Costa Rica". BBC Sport (BBC). 9 June 2006. Retrieved 12 February 2012. 
  73. ^ "Germany 1–0 Poland". BBC Sport (BBC). 14 June 2006. Retrieved 12 February 2012. 
  74. ^ "Ecuador 0–3 Germany". BBC Sport (BBC). 20 June 2006. Retrieved 12 February 2012. 
  75. ^ "Germany 2–0 Sweden". BBC Sport (BBC). 24 June 2006. Retrieved 12 February 2012. 
  76. ^ "Germany 1–1 Argentina". BBC Sport (BBC). 30 June 2006. Retrieved 12 February 2012. 
  77. ^ "Lehmann had penalty taker notes". BBC Sport (British Broadcasting Corporation). 1 July 2006. Retrieved 8 March 2012. 
  78. ^ Walker, Michael (1 July 2006). "Lehmann's penalty heroics send Germany into raptures". The Guardian (Berlin: Guardian News and Media Limited). Retrieved 8 March 2012. 
  79. ^ "Frings missing but Germany remain confident". FIFA. 4 July 2006. Retrieved 8 March 2012. 
  80. ^ "Germany 0–2 Italy (aet)". BBC Sport (BBC). 4 July 2006. Retrieved 11 February 2012. 
  81. ^ "Germany 3–1 Portugal". BBC Sport (BBC). 8 July 2006. Retrieved 11 February 2012. 
  82. ^ "Klose finishes as leading scorer". BBC Sport. 9 July 2006. Retrieved 14 February 2012. 
  83. ^ "Podolski beats Ronaldo to award". BBC Sport. 7 July 2006. Retrieved 14 February 2012. 
  84. ^ "Azzurri prominent in All Star Team". FIFA. 7 July 2006. Retrieved 8 March 2012. 
  85. ^ "Germany 2006 – Statistics". FIFA. Retrieved 16 March 2012. 
  86. ^ "Klinsmann quits as Germany coach". BBC Sport. 12 July 2006. Retrieved 14 February 2012. 
  87. ^ "Klinsmann quits, Low steps in". London: guardian.co.uk. 12 July 2006. Retrieved 14 February 2012. 
  88. ^ "Records tumble as Germany soar". UEFA.com. 6 September 2006. Retrieved 8 March 2012. 
  89. ^ "Draw sets up heavyweight contests". UEFA. 3 December 2007. Retrieved 29 March 2012. 
  90. ^ McNulty, Phil (8 June 2008). "Germany 2–0 Poland". BBC Sport (BBC). Retrieved 11 February 2012. 
  91. ^ Bevan, Chris (12 June 2008). "Croatia 2–1 Germany". BBC Sport (BBC). Retrieved 11 February 2012. 
  92. ^ Chowdhury, Saj (16 June 2008). "Austria 0–1 Germany & Poland 0–1 Croatia". BBC Sport (BBC). Retrieved 11 February 2012. 
  93. ^ McKenzie, Andrew (19 June 2008). "Portugal 2–3 Germany". BBC Sport (BBC). Retrieved 11 February 2012. 
  94. ^ McNulty, Phil (25 June 2008). "Germany 3–2 Turkey". BBC Sport (BBC). Retrieved 18 February 2012. 
  95. ^ McNulty, Phil (29 June 2008). "Germany 0–1 Spain". BBC Sport (BBC). Retrieved 11 February 2012. 
  96. ^ Cheese, Caroline (25 November 2007). "2010 World Cup qualifying draw". BBC Sport (BBC). Retrieved 2 March 2012. 
  97. ^ "Draw ignites FIFA World Cup fever". FIFA.com. FIFA. 4 December 2009. Retrieved 2 February 2012. 
  98. ^ Taylor, Daniel (13 June 2010). "World Cup 2010: Miroslav Klose helps Germany put four past Australia". London: guardian.co.uk. Retrieved 12 February 2012. 
  99. ^ Taylor, Daniel (18 June 2010). "World Cup 2010: Germany lose to Serbia after Klose's red card and Podolski's penalty miss". London: guardian.co.uk. Retrieved 12 February 2012. 
  100. ^ Ingle, Sean (23 June 2010). "World Cup 2010: Mesut Ozil strike sends Germany through to last 16". London: guardian.co.uk. Retrieved 12 February 2012. 
  101. ^ McCarra, Kevin (27 June 2010). "World Cup 2010: Germany tear down England's defence". London: guardian.co.uk. Retrieved 12 February 2012. 
  102. ^ "FAW boss Jonathan Ford rejects technology idea". BBC News. 28 June 2010. Retrieved 2 February 2012. 
  103. ^ Garside, Kevin (27 June 2010). "England v Germany: Frank Lampard's disallowed goal highlights stupidity of Fifa". The Daily Telegraph (London). Retrieved 2 February 2012. 
  104. ^ "England v Germany: Frank Lampard denied goal by Uruguayan linesman – in pictures". The Daily Telegraph (London). 27 June 2010. Retrieved 2 February 2012. 
  105. ^ Fifield, Dominic (3 July 2010). "World Cup 2010: Germany dump Diego Maradona and Argentina out". London: guardian.co.uk. Retrieved 12 February 2012. 
  106. ^ McCarra, Kevin (7 July 2010). "World Cup 2010: Spain overcome Germany after Carles Puyol winner". London: guardian.co.uk. Retrieved 12 February 2012. 
  107. ^ Duxbury, Nick (10 July 2010). "World Cup 2010: Germany beat Uruguay in third-place thriller". London: guardian.co.uk. Retrieved 12 February 2012. 
  108. ^ "World Cup 2010 – Statistics". planetworldcup.com. Retrieved 2 February 2012. 
  109. ^ "Golden Boot". FIFA. Retrieved 2 March 2012. 
  110. ^ "Muller named Hyundai Best Young Player". FIFA. 9 March 2011. Retrieved 5 November 2011. 
  111. ^ Hytner, David (17 June 2010). "World Cup 2010: Germany reap the rewards of the liberation generation". London: guardian.co.uk. Retrieved 29 January 2011. 
  112. ^ McKenzie, Andrew (19 November 2008). "Germany 1–2 England". BBC Sport (BBC). Retrieved 2 March 2012. 
  113. ^ "Higuain punishes Adler error". ESPN Soccernet. 3 March 2010. Retrieved 2 March 2012. 
  114. ^ "Germany stunned by Australia's burst of two goals in three minutes". London: guardian.co.uk. 29 March 2011. Retrieved 2 March 2012. 
  115. ^ "Football tables". BBC Sport (BBC). 11 October 2011. Retrieved 3 March 2012. 
  116. ^ "December date for EURO finals draw in Kyiv". UEFA. 3 October 2011. Retrieved 5 January 2012. 
  117. ^ "EURO draw throws up fascinating group tests". UEFA. 2 December 2011. Retrieved 5 January 2012. 
  118. ^ "Germany overpower Greece in Gdansk". UEFA. 22 June 2012. Retrieved 7 July 2012. 
  119. ^ "The Preliminary Draw results in full". FIFA. 30 July 2011. Retrieved 5 January 2012. 
  120. ^ "German FA turns down Nike offer, sticks with Adidas". London: Reuters. 24 August 2007. Retrieved 3 May 2010. 
  121. ^ "Deutsche Fußball-Nationalmannschaft 1978–1980". sportmuseum.de. Deutsches Sport & Olympia Museum. 4 May 2012. Retrieved 9 February 2012. 
  122. ^ "DFB-Trikot 2012". hansanews.de. Retrieved 9 February 2012. 
  123. ^ Jürgen Zelustek, Thomas Niklaus / sid (1 February 2006). "Traditionstrikot vor dem Aus – Klinsmann steht auf Rot" (in German). Spiegel Online. Retrieved 29 July 2011. 
  124. ^ a b "Germany Football Shirts – Old Football Kits". oldfootballshirts.com. Retrieved 25 December 2011. 
  125. ^ http://www.historicalkits.co.uk/international/tournaments/fifa-world-cup/1938/1938.html
  126. ^ a b c d "The FIFA World Cup". schwarzundweiss.co.uk. Retrieved 13 March 2012. 
  127. ^ a b "The UEFA European Football Championship". schwarzundweiss.co.uk. Retrieved 13 March 2012. 
  128. ^ "The FIFA Confederations Cup". schwarzundweiss.co.uk. Retrieved 13 March 2012. 
  129. ^ As 1990 FIFA World Cup Champions
  130. ^ As UEFA Euro 1996 Champions
  131. ^ As 2002 FIFA World Cup Runners-up
  132. ^ "Das Team". DFB. Retrieved 28 February 2014. 
  133. ^ a b "All Matches from 1908". schwarzundweiss.co.uk. Retrieved 31 January 2012. 
  134. ^ http://www.schwarzundweiss.co.uk/andere/stats/match-details-1990-present.html
  135. ^ "German most-capped World Cup players". DFB. Retrieved 14 January 2012. 
  136. ^ "World Cup Hall of Fame: Lothar Matthaeus". CNN. Retrieved 14 January 2012. 
  137. ^ "German most-capped EC players". DFB. Retrieved 14 August 2012. 
  138. ^ "German EC top scorers". DFB. Retrieved 14 January 2012. 
  139. ^ "Nationaltrainer" (in German). DFB. Retrieved 1 March 2012. 

Titles[edit]

Preceded by
1950 Uruguay 
World Champions
1954 (First title)
Succeeded by
1958 Brazil 
Preceded by
1970 Brazil 
World Champions
1974 (Second title)
Succeeded by
1978 Argentina 
Preceded by
1986 Argentina 
World Champions
1990 (Third title)
Succeeded by
1994 Brazil 
Preceded by
1968 Italy 
European Champions
1972 (First title)
Succeeded by
1976 Czechoslovakia 
Preceded by
1976 Czechoslovakia 
European Champions
1980 (Second title)
Succeeded by
1984 France 
Preceded by
1992 Denmark 
European Champions
1996 (Third title)
Succeeded by
2000 France 

External links[edit]