SM U-19 (Germany)
SM U-19 (first row, second from the right)
|Ordered:||25 November 1910|
|Builder:||Kaiserliche Werft Danzig|
|Laid down:||20 October 1911|
|Launched:||10 October 1912|
|Commissioned:||6 July 1913|
|Fate:||Surrendered 24 November 1918.|
|Class and type:||German Type U 19 submarine|
|Length:||64.15 m (210 ft 6 in)|
|Beam:||6.10 m (20 ft 0 in)|
|Height:||7.30 m (23 ft 11 in)|
|Draught:||3.58 m (11 ft 9 in)|
|Test depth:||50 m (164 ft 1 in)|
|Boats & landing |
|Complement:||4 officers, 31 men|
SM U-19 was a German Type U 19 U-boat built for the Imperial German Navy. Her construction was ordered on 25 November 1910, and her keel was laid down on 20 October 1911, at the Kaiserliche Werft Danzig. She was launched on 10 October 1912, and commissioned into the Imperial German Navy on 6 July 1913.
From 1 August 1914, to 15 March 1916, U-19 was commanded by Constantin Kolbe. During this period she had the unfortunate distinction of becoming the first U-boat casualty of World War I when she was rammed by HMS Badger on 24 October 1914. Her hull was badly damaged, but she survived and was repaired.
On 22 January 1915 the Durward was near the Maas lightship when they saw U-19 on the surface. They tried to escape, but as they could only manage 12 knots they were unable to do so. The mate of Durward, who was later interviewed by the Daily Mail special correspondent in Rotterdam  related how the second officer, who spoke excellent English, had ordered them to lower a boat and come to talk to them. The captain and crew were given ten minutes to leave the ship. The mate asked the second officer whether he could return to the ship to collect his clothes. He replied "Sorry, old man, it can't be done. I am in the mercantile marine myself, having been in the North German Lloyd service but now I am doing a bit for my country." The commander of the U-boat towed the lifeboat to within 100 yards of the Maas lightship, even stopping at one stage to repair the tow when it parted, after which the crew of Durward said goodbye to the submarine and rowed to the lightship.
Kolbe was relieved by Raimund Weisbach, who had previously served as torpedo officer on U-20 and had (on Kapitänleutnant Walther Schwieger's orders) launched the torpedo that sank RMS Lusitania. During his brief command, Weisbach carried out an unusual mission: he delivered the revolutionary Roger Casement and two other agents to Banna Strand in Ireland in hopes that they would foment an uprising that would distract the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from World War I.
Weisbach was relieved on 11 August 1916, by Johannes Spiess, who was relieved in turn on 1 June 1917, by Heinrich Koch. Koch turned the boat over on 25 October 1917, to Hans Albrecht Liebeskind, who commanded for less than a month before being relieved on 17 November 1917, by Spiess again. On 1 June 1918, Liebeskind took over again and commanded U-19 until the end of the war.
U-19 conducted 12 patrols, sinking 46 ships totalling 64,816 tons, including Santa Maria (5,383 tons) off Lough Swilly on 25 February 1918, Tiberia (4,880 tons) off Black Head near Larne on 26 February 1918, and HMS Calgarian (17,500 tons) off Rathlin Island on 1 March 1918.
On 11 November 1918, U-19 was surrendered to the British, and was broken up at Blyth sometime in 1919 or 1920.
The main gun of U19 was donated to the people of Bangor, Co. Down and today sits near the War Memorial in the town's Ward Park. It was donated by the Admiralty in recognition of the valorious conduct of Commander The Hon. Edward Bingham whilst on board HMS Nestor while fighting in the Battle of Jutland in July 1916, for which he received the Victoria Cross.
To commemorate the centenary of the arrest of Roger Casement, an Irish Republican floral tribute, known as an Easter Lily, was left at the base of the gun on Good Friday morning 2016.
Original documents from Room 40
Note: S.S. = Steam Ship; S.V. = Sailing Vessel; northabout, Muckle Flugga, Fair I. = around Scotland; Sound, Belts, Kattegat = via North of Denmark to/from German Baltic ports; Bight = to/from German North Sea ports; success = sinking of ships
Summary of raiding history
|21 January 1915||Durward||United Kingdom||1,301||Sunk|
|2 June 1915||Salvador||Denmark||165||Sunk|
|3 June 1915||Chrysoprasus||United Kingdom||119||Sunk|
|3 June 1915||Dogberry||United Kingdom||214||Sunk|
|3 June 1915||Ena May||United Kingdom||90||Sunk|
|3 June 1915||Iona||United Kingdom||3,344||Sunk|
|3 June 1915||Kathleen||United Kingdom||92||Sunk|
|3 June 1915||Strathbran||United Kingdom||163||Sunk|
|4 June 1915||Cortes||United Kingdom||174||Sunk|
|4 June 1915||Dunnet Head||United Kingdom||343||Sunk|
|4 June 1915||Ebenezer||United Kingdom||113||Sunk|
|4 June 1915||Evening Star||United Kingdom||120||Sunk|
|4 June 1915||Explorer||United Kingdom||156||Sunk|
|4 June 1915||Petrel||United Kingdom||182||Sunk|
|5 June 1915||Adolf||Russian Empire||169||Sunk|
|5 June 1915||Bardolph||United Kingdom||215||Sunk|
|5 June 1915||Curlew||United Kingdom||134||Sunk|
|5 June 1915||Gazehound||United Kingdom||138||Sunk|
|5 June 1915||Persimon||United Kingdom||255||Sunk|
|5 June 1915||Star of the West||United Kingdom||197||Sunk|
|6 June 1915||Japonica||United Kingdom||145||Sunk|
|6 June 1915||Dromio||United Kingdom||208||Sunk|
|9 June 1915||Svein Jarl||Norway||1,135||Sunk|
|11 June 1915||Otago||Sweden||1,410||Sunk|
|11 June 1915||Plymouth||United Kingdom||165||Sunk|
|11 June 1915||Waago||United Kingdom||154||Sunk|
|16 July 1915||Cameo||United Kingdom||172||Damaged|
|21 April 1916||Feliciana||United Kingdom||4,283||Sunk|
|22 April 1916||Jozsef Agost Foherzeg||Kingdom of Italy||2,680||Sunk|
|22 April 1916||Ross||United Kingdom||2,666||Sunk|
|23 April 1916||Parisiana||United Kingdom||4,763||Sunk|
|23 April 1916||Ribston||United Kingdom||3,048||Sunk|
|25 April 1916||Carmanian||Norway||1,840||Sunk|
|12 September 1916||Elizabeth||Imperial Russian Navy||4,444||Sunk|
|12 September 1916||Ije (N-18)||Imperial Russian Navy||1,261||Sunk|
|22 September 1916||Kennett||United Kingdom||1,679||Sunk|
|12 May 1917||Wirral||United Kingdom||4,207||Sunk|
|17 May 1917||Vesterland||Sweden||3,832||Sunk|
|20 May 1917||Arnfinn Jarl||Norway||1,097||Sunk|
|26 May 1917||Norway||Norway||1,447||Sunk|
|27 May 1917||Debora||Denmark||159||Sunk|
|20 June 1917||Fido||Norway||1,459||Sunk|
|21 June 1917||Black Head||United Kingdom||1,898||Sunk|
|21 June 1917||Laatefos||Norway||1,458||Sunk|
|22 June 1917||Bolette||Norway||1,431||Sunk|
|31 August 1917||Miniota||United Kingdom||6,422||Sunk|
|1 September 1917||Akaroa||Norway||1,348||Sunk|
|12 September 1917||Agricola||United Kingdom||65||Sunk|
|28 December 1917||Maxton||United Kingdom||5,094||Sunk|
|28 December 1917||Santa Amalia||United Kingdom||4,309||Sunk|
|2 January 1918||Nadejda||Russian Empire||3,849||Sunk|
|25 February 1918||Santa Maria||United States||5,383||Sunk|
|25 February 1918||Appalachee||United Kingdom||3,767||Damaged|
|26 February 1918||Tiberia||United Kingdom||4,880||Sunk|
|1 March 1918||HMS Calgarian||Royal Navy||12,515||Sunk|
|1 March 1918||Thomas Collard||United Kingdom||215||Sunk|
|1 March 1918||Lord Lister||United Kingdom||285||Damaged|
|6 April 1918||Sterne||Netherlands||108||Sunk|
|21 April 1918||Delta A||Belgium||241||Sunk|
|23 April 1918||Peregrine||United Kingdom||79||Sunk|
|23 April 1918||Tyne Wave||United Kingdom||121||Sunk|
|25 April 1918||Hollandia I||Netherlands||733||Captured as a prize|
- Helgason, Guðmundur. "WWI U-boat commanders: Constantin Kolbe". German and Austrian U-boats of World War I - Kaiserliche Marine - Uboat.net. Retrieved 22 December 2014.
- Helgason, Guðmundur. "WWI U-boat commanders: Raimund Weisbach". German and Austrian U-boats of World War I - Kaiserliche Marine - Uboat.net. Retrieved 22 December 2014.
- Helgason, Guðmundur. "WWI U-boat commanders: Johannes Spiess (Royal House Order of Hohenzollern)". German and Austrian U-boats of World War I - Kaiserliche Marine - Uboat.net. Retrieved 22 December 2014.
- Helgason, Guðmundur. "WWI U-boat commanders: Heinrich Koch". German and Austrian U-boats of World War I - Kaiserliche Marine - Uboat.net. Retrieved 22 December 2014.
- Helgason, Guðmundur. "WWI U-boat commanders: Hans Albrecht Liebeskind". German and Austrian U-boats of World War I - Kaiserliche Marine - Uboat.net. Retrieved 22 December 2014.
- Preston 1977, p. 29
- Belfast Newsletter Tuesday 29 March 2016
- National Archives, Kew: HW 7/3, Room 40, History of German Naval Warfare 1914-1918 (Published below - Room 40: German Naval Warfare 1914-1918)
- Helgason, Guðmundur. "Ships hit by U 19". German and Austrian U-boats of World War I - Kaiserliche Marine - Uboat.net. Retrieved 22 December 2014.
- Preston, Antony (1977). Destroyers (1977 ed.). Hamlyn. ISBN 9780600329558. - Total pages: 224
- Gröner, Erich; Jung, Dieter; Maass, Martin (1991). U-boats and Mine Warfare Vessels. German Warships 1815–1945. 2. Translated by Thomas, Keith; Magowan, Rachel. London: Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-85177-593-4.
- Spindler, Arno (1966) . Der Handelskrieg mit U-Booten. 5 Vols. Berlin: Mittler & Sohn. Vols. 4+5, dealing with 1917+18, are very hard to find: Guildhall Library, London, has them all, also Vol. 1-3 in an English translation: The submarine war against commerce.
- Beesly, Patrick (1982). Room 40: British Naval Intelligence 1914-1918. London: H Hamilton. ISBN 978-0-241-10864-2.
- Halpern, Paul G. (1919). A Naval History of World War I. New York: Routledge. ISBN 978-1-85728-498-0.
- Roessler, Eberhard (1997). Die Unterseeboote der Kaiserlichen Marine. Bonn: Bernard & Graefe. ISBN 978-3-7637-5963-7.
- Schroeder, Joachim (2002). Die U-Boote des Kaisers. Bonn: Bernard & Graefe. ISBN 978-3-7637-6235-4.
- Koerver, Hans Joachim (2008). Room 40: German Naval Warfare 1914-1918. Vol I., The Fleet in Action. Steinbach: LIS Reinisch. ISBN 978-3-902433-76-3.
- Koerver, Hans Joachim (2009). Room 40: German Naval Warfare 1914-1918. Vol II., The Fleet in Being. Steinbach: LIS Reinisch. ISBN 978-3-902433-77-0.
- Photos of cruises of German submarine U-54 in 1916-1918. Great photo quality, comments in German.
- A 44 min. film from 1917 about a cruise of the German submarine U-35. A German propaganda film without dead or wounded; many details about submarine warfare in World War I.
- Helgason, Guðmundur. "WWI U-boats: U 19". German and Austrian U-boats of World War I - Kaiserliche Marine - Uboat.net.
- Room 40: original documents, photos and maps about World War I German submarine warfare and British Room 40 Intelligence from The National Archives, Kew, Richmond, UK.