XXXXVIII Panzer Corps

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XXXXVIII. Panzerkorps
Active 15 December 1940 - 08 May 1945
Country  Germany
Branch Heer
Type Panzer corps
Role Armoured warfare
Size Corps
Engagements World War II
Commanders
Notable
commanders
Hermann Balck
Dietrich von Choltitz
Hans Cramer
Walter Nehring

XXXXVIII Panzer Corps (also: XXXXVIII Army Corps or XXXXVIII. Armeekorps)[note 1], was a corps-level formation of the German Heer which saw extensive action on both the eastern and western fronts during World War II.

History[edit]

The corps was originally formed on 15 December 1940 in Germany. At the dawn of Operation Barbarossa, on 22 June 1941, it was redesignated as the XXXXVIII Panzer Corps. The Corps was attached to Field Marshal Ewald von Kleist's Panzer Group 1, a part of Army Group South. The corps took part in the Battle of Brody early in the campaign, and later saw action at Berdichev and Kirovograd. As all German Corps on the Eastern Front, the XXXXVIII Corps implemented the criminal Commissar Order.[1]

From late 1941 to May 1942, the corps took part in defensive operations in the Kursk area. Thereafter the corps joined the Fall Blau offensive towards Stalingrad under Army Group B. During the Battle of Stalingrad the corps was trapped and its major units, 22nd Panzer Division and 1st Armoured Division (Romania), were destroyed. However, it was quickly reformed and used by Field Marshal Erich von Manstein's Operation Winter Storm efforts to relieve General Friedrich Paulus' trapped Sixth Army still in Stalingrad.

In February 1943, the XXXXVIII Panzer Corps took part in the battles around Kharkov, and in June it was committed to the southern flank of the Battle of Kursk as part of Hoth's Fourth Panzer Army. After the failure of Operation Citadel the corps took part in the retreat from Ukraine. By February 1945, the corps found itself in Silesia, and it ended the war defending the Elbe River, where it surrendered in May 1945.

Commanders[edit]

General Staff Officers[edit]

  • Oberstleutnant Friedrich von Mellenthin, Chief of General Staff (Jan 1943 to Aug 1944)
  • Major Eitel-Friedrich Binder, Operations Officer(1a) (Feb 1943 to Aug 1943)

Subordinate units[edit]

XXXXVIII Motorized Corps

XXXXVIII Panzer Corps

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ It was a motorized corps and as such was fully designated "XLVIII. Armeekorps (motorized)" or "XXXXVIII Corps (motorized)", and so on

References[edit]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ Stahel 2015, p. 28.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Stahel, David (2015). The Battle for Moscow. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-1-107-08760-6. 
  • Guides to German Records Microfilmed, Vol. 61, Alexandria/Va. Washington 1958

See also[edit]