List of former German colonies

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Detailed map of Colonies and Colonial Claims established by German States throughout History
Former German Colonies throughout History:
  German Empire
  Prussian-Brandenburg colonies
  "Little Venice"
  Planned "Hanauisch-Indien"
  "Claimed, Planned, or Proposed Colonies of the German Empire"
  Colonies of the German Empire
  Claimed territories in Antarctica

This is a list of former German colonies and protectorates (German: Schutzgebiete) established by the German Empire, Brandenburg-Prussia and the Habsburg monarchy.

Pre-1871 German Colonies[edit]

This is a list of colonies unsuccessfully settled by various German States and Entities prior to the foundation of the German Empire in 1871.


Duchy of Courland[edit]

Free City of Augsburg[edit]

County of Hanau[edit]

House of Ascania[edit]

Habsburg colonies[edit]

Map of former Austrian Colonies
A map showing the places that have been Austrian or Austro-Hungarian colonies and concessions, at different times.

These were colonies of the Habsburg monarchy, part of the Holy Roman Empire of German Nation realm until 1804, Austrian Empire after 1804, Austria-Hungary from 1867 to the end of World War I.

Imperial German colonies[edit]

These are colonies settled by and controlled by the German Empire from 1884 to 1919. Those territories constituted the German Colonial Empire.


The following were German African protectorates:

German colonies in Africa, 1914


Map of German colonies in the Pacific
Map of German Colonies in the Pacific, 1914. Brown, German New Guinea; Orange, North Solomons; Red, German Samoa; Yellow, Other Pacific Territories

These were German colonies established in the Pacific:


These Treaty ports were German concessions in China, leased to it by the Qing Dynasty:

See also[edit]


External links[edit]