German federal election, 1928
All 491 seats in the Reichstag
246 seats needed for a majority
Electoral map (in German)
Federal elections were held in Germany on 20 May 1928. The Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD) remained the largest party in the Reichstag after winning 153 of the 491 seats. Voter turnout was 75.6%.
The only two parties to gain significantly were the SPD, who polled almost a third of votes, and the Communist Party of Germany (KPD), completing a thorough victory of the left wing. However, although the SPD now had 153 seats, it still failed to gain a clear majority, resulting in another coalition government led by Hermann Müller. Following his appointment, Müller, who had already been Germany's Chancellor for 4 months in 1920, created a grand coalition of members of the SPD, the German Democratic Party, the Centre Party and the German People's Party. The coalition was plagued by internal divisions right from the beginning, with each party more concerned with their self-interest than the interest of the government and eventually Müller asked President Paul von Hindenburg for emergency powers. When Hindenburg refused, Müller resigned, marking the end of the 'last genuinely democratic government of the Weimar Republic' on 27 March 1930.
The recently-reformed Nazi Party contested the elections after the ban on the party was lifted in 1925. However, the party received less than 3% of the vote and won just 12 seats in the Reichstag. Adolf Hitler, who had been incarcerated in Landsberg prison for his involvement in the Beer Hall Putsch until Christmas 1924, had concentrated on re-establishing himself as the leader of the Nazi Party following his release rather than on the party's electability.
|Social Democratic Party||9,152,979||29.8||153||+22|
|German National People's Party||4,381,563||14.2||73||−30|
|Communist Party of Germany||3,264,793||10.6||54||+9|
|German People's Party||2,679,703||8.7||45||−6|
|German Democratic Party||1,479,374||4.8||25||−7|
|Reich Party of the German Middle Class||1,387,602||4.5||23||+11|
|Bavarian People's Party||945,644||3.1||17||−2|
|National Socialist German Workers Party||810,127||2.6||12||−2|
|Christian-National Peasants' and Farmers' Party||571,891||1.9||9||New|
|Reich Party for Civil Rights and Deflation||509,471||1.7||2||New|
|German Farmers' Party||481,254||1.6||8||New|
|Christian Social Reich Party||110,704||0.4||0||New|
|Old Social Democratic Party of Germany||65,775||0.2||0||New|
|Polish People's Party||64,753||0.2||0||0|
|Evangelical Party of Germany||52,488||0.2||0||New|
|German Social Party||46,047||0.2||0||0|
|General People's Party||37,373||0.1||0||New|
|German House and Property Owners' Party||35,846||0.1||0||New|
|Independent Social Democratic Party||20,815||0.1||0||0|
|Evangelical Community Spirit||10,709||0.0||0||New|
|Christian National Middle Class Party||9,957||0.0||0||New|
|Pastor Greber Party||9,527||0.0||0||New|
|Aufwertungs- und Aufbaupartei||8,562||0.0||0||New|
|Deutscher Reichsblock der Geschädigten||7,437||0.0||0||New|
|Reichspartei für Handwerk, Handel und Gewerbe||6,614||0.0||0||New|
|People's Welfare Party||6,071||0.0||0||New|
|Wendish People's Party||3,111||0.0||0||0|
|Party for Justice and Tenant Protection||2,831||0.0||0||New|
|German Christian Folk Party||901||0.0||0||New|
|Lebensinteressen der Ledigen||873||0.0||0||New|
|Masurian People's Party||295||0.0||0||New|
|Lithuanian People's Party||289||0.0||0||New|
- Nohlen, D & Stöver, P (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p762 ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7
- Nohlen & Stöver, p790
- Nohlen & Stöver, p777
- Evans, D. & Jenkins, J. (1999), Years of Weimar & the Third Reich, London: Hodder & Stoughton Educational, p. 83, ISBN 0-340-70474-8.
- Evans & Jenkins 1999, p. 88.
- Broszat, M. (1987), Hitler and the Collapse of Weimar Germany, Oxford: Berg Publishers, p. 9, ISBN 0-85496-509-2.