German labour law

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German labour law refers to the regulation of the employment relationship and industrial partnership in Germany.


Courts and constitution[edit]

  • Grundgesetz (1949) "Article 9 (Freedom of association). (1) All Germans have the right to form associations and societies. (2) Associations, the objects or activities of which conflict with the criminal laws or which are directed against the constitutional order or the concept of international understanding, are prohibited. (3) The right to form associations to safeguard and improve working and economic conditions is guaranteed to everyone and to all trades and professions. Agreements which restrict or seek to hinder this right are null and void; measures directed to this end are illegal."

Individual labour law[edit]

Contract of employment[edit]


Collective labour law[edit]


Trade unions[edit]

Collective bargaining[edit]

Minimum wage[edit]

In July 2014 the country began legislating to introduce a federally-mandated minimum wage which would come into effect on 1 January 2015.[1]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Germany may become 22nd EU state with federal minimum wage". Germany News.Net. Retrieved 7 July 2014. 


  • M Weiss and M Schmidt, Labour Law and Industrial Relations in Germany (4th edn Kluwer 2008)
  • A Junker, Grundkurs Arbeitsrecht (3rd edn 2004)
  • O Kahn-Freund, R Lewis and J Clark (ed) Labour Law and Politics in the Weimar Republic (Social Science Research Council 1981) ch 3, 108-161
  • F Ebke and MW Finkin, Introduction to German Law (1996) ch 11, 305

External links[edit]