Germany national football team
|Nickname(s)||Nationalelf (national eleven)
DFB-Elf (DFB Eleven)
Die Mannschaft (The Team)
|Association||German Football Association
(Deutscher Fußball-Bund – DFB)
|Head coach||Joachim Löw|
|Most caps||Lothar Matthäus (150)|
|Top scorer||Miroslav Klose (71)|
|Current||4 (7 January 2016)|
|Highest||1 (December 1992, August 1993, December 1993, February 1994 – March 1994, June 1994, July 2014 – July 2015)|
|Lowest||22 (March 2006)|
| Switzerland 5–3 Germany
(Basel, Switzerland; 5 April 1908)
|Appearances||18 (First in 1934)|
|Best result||Champions, 1954, 1974, 1990, 2014|
|Appearances||11 (First in 1972)|
|Best result||Champions, 1972, 1980, 1996|
|Appearances||2 (First in 1999)|
|Best result||Third place, 2005|
The Germany national football team (German: Die deutsche Fußballnationalmannschaft) is the men's football team that has represented Germany in international competition since 1908. It is governed by the German Football Association (Deutscher Fußball-Bund), founded in 1900. Ever since the DFB was reinaugurated in 1949 the team has represented the Federal Republic of Germany. Under Allied occupation and division, two other separate national teams were also recognised by FIFA: the Saarland team representing the Saarland (1950–1956) and the East German team representing the German Democratic Republic (1952–1990). Both have been absorbed along with their records by the current national team. The official name and code "Germany FR (FRG)" was shortened to "Germany (GER)" following the reunification in 1990.
Germany is one of the most successful national teams in international competitions, having won a total of four World Cups (1954, 1974, 1990, 2014) and three European Championships (1972, 1980, 1996). They have also been runners-up three times in the European Championships, four times in the World Cup, and have won a further four third places. East Germany won Olympic Gold in 1976. Germany is the only nation to have won both the men's and women's World Cups. At the end of the 2014 FIFA World Cup, Germany earned the highest Elo rating of any national football team in history, with a record 2200 points. Germany is also the only European nation that has won the FIFA World Cup in South America. The current manager of the national team is Joachim Löw.
- 1 History
- 1.1 Early years (1899–1942)
- 1.2 Three German national teams (1945–1990)
- 1.3 1954 World Cup victory
- 1.4 Memorable losses: Wembley goal and game of the century (1958–1970)
- 1.5 1974 World Cup title on home soil
- 1.6 Late 1970s and early 1980s
- 1.7 Beckenbauer's coaching success (1984–1990)
- 1.8 Olympic football
- 1.9 Berti Vogts years (1990–1998)
- 1.10 Oliver Kahn/Michael Ballack era (2000–2006)
- 1.11 New orientation under Löw (2006–2014)
- 1.12 2014 World cup victory
- 1.13 Euro 2016 and present
- 2 Results and fixtures
- 3 Stadiums
- 4 Kit
- 5 Media coverage
- 6 Competition records
- 7 FIFA ranking history
- 8 Honours
- 9 Personnel
- 10 Players
- 11 Titles
- 12 See also
- 13 References
- 14 External links
Early years (1899–1942)
Between 1899 and 1901, prior to the formation of a national team, there were five unofficial international matches between different German and English selection teams, which all ended as large defeats for the German teams. Eight years after the establishment of the German Football Association (DFB), the first official match of the Germany national football team was played on 5 April 1908, against Switzerland in Basel, with the Swiss winning 5–3. Coincidentally, the first match after World War I in 1920, the first match after World War II in 1950 when Germany was still banned from most international competitions, and the first match in 1990 with former East German players were all against Switzerland as well. Germany's first championship title was even won in Switzerland.
At that time the players were selected by the DFB, as there was no dedicated coach. The first manager of the Germany national team was Otto Nerz, a school teacher from Mannheim, who served in the role from 1926 to 1936. The German FA could not afford travel to Uruguay for the first World Cup staged in 1930 during the Great Depression, but finished third in the 1934 World Cup in their first appearance in the competition. After a poor showing at the 1936 Olympic Games in Berlin, Sepp Herberger became coach. In 1937 he put together a squad which was soon nicknamed the Breslau Elf (the Breslau Eleven) in recognition of their 8–0 win over Denmark in the then German city of Breslau, Lower Silesia (now Wrocław, Poland).
After Austria became part of Germany in the Anschluss of March 1938, that country's national team – one of Europe's better sides at the time due to professionalism – was disbanded despite having already qualified for the 1938 World Cup. As required by Nazi politicians, five or six ex-Austrian players, from the clubs Rapid Vienna, Austria Vienna, First Vienna FC, were ordered to join the all-German team on short notice in a staged show of unity orchestrated for political reasons. In the 1938 World Cup that began on 4 June, this "united" German team managed only a 1–1 draw against Switzerland, and then lost the replay 2–4 in front of a hostile crowd in Paris, France. That early exit stands as Germany's worst ever World Cup result (excluding the 1930 and 1950 tournaments in which they did not compete).
During World War II, the team played over 30 international games between September 1939 and November 1942, when national team games were suspended, as most players had to join the armed forces. Many of the national team players were gathered together under coach Herberger as Rote Jäger through the efforts of a sympathetic air force officer trying to protect the footballers from the most dangerous wartime service.
Three German national teams (1945–1990)
After the Second World War, Germany was banned from competition in most sports until 1950. The DFB was not a full member of FIFA, and none of the three new German states — West Germany, East Germany, and Saarland — entered the 1950 World Cup qualifiers.
The Federal Republic of Germany, which was referred to as West Germany, continued the DFB. With recognition by FIFA and UEFA, the DFB maintained and continued the record of the pre-war team. Switzerland was once again the first team that played West Germany in 1950. West Germany qualified for the 1954 World Cup.
Saarland, which under French control between 1947 and 1956, did not join French organisations, and was barred from participating in pan-German ones. Saarland sent their own team to the 1952 Summer Olympics and to the 1954 World Cup qualifiers. In 1957, Saarland acceded to the Federal Republic of Germany.
In 1949, the communist German Democratic Republic (East Germany) was founded. In 1952 the Deutscher Fußball-Verband der DDR (DFV) was established and the East Germany national football team took to the field. They were the only team to beat the 1974 FIFA World Cup winning West Germans in the only meeting of the two sides of the divided nation. East Germany won the gold medal at the 1976 Olympics. After German reunification in 1990, the eastern football competition was reintegrated into the DFB.
1954 World Cup victory
West Germany, captained by Fritz Walter, met in the 1954 World Cup Turkey, Yugoslavia and Austria. When playing favourites Hungary in the group stage, Germany lost 3–8. West Germany met the Hungary Mighty Magyars again in the final. Hungary had gone unbeaten for 32 consecutive matches. In an upset, West Germany won 3–2, with Helmut Rahn scoring the winning goal. The success is called "The Miracle of Bern" (Das Wunder von Bern).
Memorable losses: Wembley goal and game of the century (1958–1970)
After finishing fourth in the 1958 World Cup and reaching only the quarter-finals in the 1962 World Cup, the DFB made changes. Professionalism was introduced, and the best clubs from the various Regionalligas were assembled into the new Bundesliga. In 1964, Helmut Schön took over as coach, replacing Herberger who had been in office for 28 years.
In the 1966 World Cup, West Germany reached the final after beating the USSR in the semifinal, facing hosts England. In extra time, the first goal by Geoff Hurst was one of the most contentious goals in the history of the World Cup: the linesman signalled the ball had crossed the line for a goal, after bouncing down from the crossbar, when replays showed it did not appear to have fully crossed the line. Hurst then scored another goal giving England a 4–2 win.
West Germany in the 1970 World Cup knocked England out in the quarter-finals 3–2, before they suffered a 4–3 extra time loss in the semi-final against Italy. This match with five goals in extra time is one of the most dramatic in World Cup history, and is called the "Game of the Century" in both Italy and Germany. West Germany claimed third by beating Uruguay 1–0. Gerd Müller finished as the tournament's top scorer with 10 goals.
1974 World Cup title on home soil
As hosts of the 1974 World Cup, they won their second World Cup, defeating the Netherlands 2–1 in the final in Munich. Two matches in the 1974 World Cup stood out for West Germany. The first group stage saw a politically charged match as West Germany played a game against East Germany. The East Germans won 1–0. The West Germans advanced to the final against the Johan Cruijff-led Dutch team and their brand of "Total Football". The Dutch took the lead from a penalty. However, West Germany tied the match on a penalty by Paul Breitner, and won it with Gerd Müller's fine finish soon after.
Late 1970s and early 1980s
West Germany failed to defend their titles in the next two major international tournaments. They lost to Czechoslovakia in the final of Euro 1976 in a penalty shootout 5–3. Since that loss, Germany has not lost a penalty shootout in major international tournaments.
West Germany's first tournament under Derwall was successful, as they earned their second European title at Euro 1980 after defeating Belgium 2–1 in the final. West Germany reached the final of the 1982 World Cup, though not without difficulties. They were upset 1–2 by Algeria in their first match, but advanced to the second round with a controversial 1–0 win over Austria. In the semifinal against France, they tied the match 3–3 and won the penalty shootout 5–4. In the final, they were defeated by Italy 1–3.
During this period, West Germany's Gerd Müller racked up fourteen goals in two World Cups (1970 and 1974). His ten goals in 1970 are the third-most ever in a tournament. (Müller's all-time World Cup record of 14 goals was broken by Ronaldo in 2006 which has been further broken by Miroslav Klose in 2014 with 16 goals).
Beckenbauer's coaching success (1984–1990)
After West Germany were eliminated in the first round of Euro 1984, Franz Beckenbauer returned to the national team to replace Derwall as coach. At the 1986 World Cup in Mexico, West Germany finished as runners-up for the second consecutive tournament after beating France 2–0 in the semi-finals, but losing to the Diego Maradona-led Argentina in the final, 2–3. In Euro 1988, West Germany's hopes of winning the tournament on home soil were spoiled by the Netherlands, as the Dutch beat them 2–1 in the semifinals.
At the 1990 World Cup in Italy, West Germany won their third World Cup title, in its unprecedented third consecutive final appearance. Captained by Lothar Matthäus, they defeated Yugoslavia (4–1), UAE (5–1), the Netherlands (2–1), Czechoslovakia (1–0), and England (1–1, 4–3 on penalty kicks) on the way to a final rematch against Argentina, played in the Italian capital of Rome. West Germany won 1–0, with the only goal being a penalty scored in the 85th minute by Andreas Brehme. Beckenbauer, who won the World Cup as the national team's captain in 1974, thus became the first person to win the World Cup as both captain and coach.
|Olympic medal record|
Prior to 1984, Olympic football was an amateur event, meaning that only non-professional players could participate. Due to this, West Germany was never able to achieve the same degree of success at the Olympics as at the World Cup, with the only medal coming in the 1988 Olympics, when they won the bronze medal. However, for the next six Olympic games no German team has managed to qualify for the main tournament, even after the change of rules to include professionals, among them three athletes over 23 years old. West Germany also reached the second round in both 1972 and 1984. On the other hand, East Germany did far better, winning a gold, a silver and two bronze medals (one representing the United Team of Germany).
Berti Vogts years (1990–1998)
In February 1990, months after the fall of the Berlin Wall, the draw for the 1992 European Championship qualifying tournament saw East Germany and West Germany drawn together. After West Germany's 1990 World Cup win, assistant Berti Vogts took over as the national team coach from the retiring Beckenbauer. The members of the East German association Deutscher Fußball-Verband acceded to the DFB in November, while the 1990–91 seasons would continue, with the restructuring of leagues scheduled for 1991–92. The first game with a unified German team was against Switzerland on 19 December.
Reunified Germany won its first major international title at Euro 1996, becoming European champions for the third time. They defeated hosts England in the semifinals, and the Czech Republic 2–1 in the final on a golden goal in extra time.
However, in the 1998 World Cup, Germany were eliminated in the quarterfinals in a 0–3 defeat to Croatia, all goals being scored after defender Christian Wörns received a straight red card. Vogts stepped down afterwards and was replaced by Erich Ribbeck.
Oliver Kahn/Michael Ballack era (2000–2006)
In Euro 2000, the team went out in the first round, drawing with Romania, then suffering a 1–0 defeat to England and were routed 3–0 by Portugal (which fielded their backup players, having already advanced). Ribbeck resigned, and was replaced by Rudi Völler.
Coming into the 2002 World Cup, expectations of the German team were low due to poor results in the qualifiers and not directly qualifying for the finals for the first time. The team advanced through group play, and in the knockout stages they produced three consecutive 1–0 wins against Paraguay, the United States, and co-hosts South Korea, all three goals being scored by Michael Ballack, although he picked up a second yellow card against Korea for a tactical foul and was suspended for the subsequent match. This set up a final against Brazil, the first World Cup meeting between the two. Germany lost 0–2 thanks to two Ronaldo goals. Nevertheless, German captain and goalkeeper Oliver Kahn won the Golden Ball, the first time in the World Cup that a goalkeeper was named the best player of the tournament.
Germany again exited in the first round of Euro 2004, drawing their first two matches and losing the third to the Czech Republic (who had fielded a second-string team). Völler resigned afterwards, and Jürgen Klinsmann was appointed head coach.
Klinsmann's main task was to lead the national team to a good showing at the 2006 World Cup in Germany. Klinsmann relieved goalkeeper Kahn of the captaincy and announced that Kahn and longtime backup Jens Lehmann would be competing for the position of starting goaltender, a decision that angered Kahn and Lehmann eventually won that contest. Expectations for the team were low, which was not helped by veteran defender Christian Wörns being dropped (after Wörns criticized Klinsmann for designating him only as a backup player on the squad), a choice roundly panned in Germany. Italy routed Germany 4–1 in a March exhibition game, and Klinsmann bore the brunt of the criticism as the team was ranked only 22nd in the world entering the 2006 FIFA World Cup.
As World Cup hosts, Germany won all three group-stage matches to finish top of their group. The team defeated Sweden 2–0 in the round of 16. Germany faced Argentina in the quarter-finals. The match ended 1–1, and Germany won the penalty shootout 4–2. In the semi-final against Italy, the match was scoreless until near the end of extra time when Germany conceded two goals. In the third place match, Germany defeated Portugal 3–1. Miroslav Klose was awarded the Golden Boot for his tournament-leading five goals.
New orientation under Löw (2006–2014)
Germany's entry into the Euro 2008 qualifying round was marked by the promotion of Joachim Löw to head coach, since Klinsmann retired. At the UEFA Euro 2008, Germany won two out of three matches in group play to advance to the knockout round. They defeated Portugal 3–2 in the quarterfinal, and won their semifinal against Turkey. Germany lost the final against Spain 0–1, finishing as the runners-up.
In the 2010 World Cup, Germany won the group and advanced to the knockout stage. In the round of 16, Germany defeated England 4–1. The game controversially had a valid goal by Frank Lampard disallowed. In the quarterfinals, Germany defeated Argentina 4–0, and Miroslav Klose tied German Gerd Müller's record of 14 World Cup goals. In the semi-final, Germany lost 1–0 to Spain. Germany defeated Uruguay 3–2 to take third place (their second third place after 2006). German Thomas Müller won the Golden Boot and the Best Young Player Award.
In the Euro 2012, Germany was placed in group B along with Portugal, Netherlands, and Denmark. Germany won all three group matches. Germany defeated Greece in the quarter-final and set a record of 15 consecutive wins in all competitive matches. In the semi-finals, Germany lost to Italy by 1–2.
2014 World cup victory
Germany finished first in their qualification group for the 2014 World Cup. The draw for the 2014 FIFA World Cup finals placed Germany in Group G, with Portugal, Ghana, and United States. They first faced Portugal in a match billed by some as the "team of all the talents against the team of The Talent (Cristiano Ronaldo)", routing the Portuguese 4–0 thanks to a hat-trick by Thomas Müller. In their match with Ghana, they led the game with Götze's second half goal, but then conceded two consecutive goals, then at the 71st minute Klose scored a goal to help Germany to draw 2–2 with Ghana. With that goal, Klose also nudged home his 15th World Cup goal to join former Brazil striker Ronaldo at the pinnacle of World Cup Finals scorers. They then went on to defeat the United States team 1–0, securing them a spot in the round of sixteen against Algeria.
In the round of sixteen knockout match against Algeria, the match remained goalless after regulation time and resulted in extra time being played. In the 92nd minute, André Schürrle scored a goal from a pass from Thomas Müller, while Mesut Özil scored the second goal in the 120th minute. Although Algeria managed to score one goal in injury time it wasn't enough for them and the match ended 2–1 securing Germany a place in the quarter final, setting them up to play France.
The semi-final win (7–1) against Brazil was a major accomplishment. Germany became the first team in history to score five goals in 18 minutes during the first half. They scored four goals in just 400 seconds and were 5–0 against Brazil by the end of the first half with goals from Thomas Müller, Miroslav Klose, Sami Khedira and two from Toni Kroos. Klose's goal in the 23rd minute, his 16th World Cup goal, gave him sole possession of the record for most goals scored during World Cup Finals, dethroning former Brazilian national Ronaldo.
In the second half of the game, substitute André Schürrle scored twice for Germany to lead 7–0, the highest score against Brazil in a single game. Germany did, however, concede a late goal to Brazil's Oscar. It was Brazil's worst ever World Cup defeat. whilst Germany broke multiple World Cup records with the win, including the record broken by Klose, the first team to reach four consecutive World Cup semi finals, the first team to score seven goals in a World Cup Finals knockout phase game, the fastest five consecutive goals in World Cup history (four of which in just 400 seconds), the first team to score five goals in the first half in a World Cup semi final as well as being the topic of the most tweets ever on Twitter about a certain subject when the previous social media record was smashed after Germany scored their fourth goal. Also, Germany's seven goals took their total tally in World Cup history to 223, surpassing Brazil's 221 goals to first place overall.
The World Cup Final was held at the Maracana in Rio de Janeiro on 13 July, and billed as the world's best player (Lionel Messi) versus the world's best team (Germany). Mario Götze's 113th-minute goal helped Germany beat Argentina 1–0, becoming the first-ever European team to win a FIFA World Cup in the Americas.
Euro 2016 and present
After several players retired from the team following the 2014 World Cup win, including Philipp Lahm, Per Mertesacker and Miroslav Klose, the team had a disappointing start in the UEFA Euro 2016 qualifiers. They defeated Scotland 2–1 at home, then suffered a 2–0 loss at Poland (the first in their history), a 1–1 draw against the Republic of Ireland, and a 4–0 win over Gibraltar. The year ended with an away 0–1 friendly win against Spain, the reigning European champions of 2008 and 2012.
Throughout qualifying for the 2016 European Championship the German national team faced some difficulties, losing 2–0 against group rival Poland (defeating them on the return leg), and drawing at home, as well as losing away, to Ireland; the team also only narrowly defeated Scotland on two occasions, but handily won against Gibraltar (who competed for the first time). Eventually however topping their group and qualifying to the tournament through a 2–1 victory against Georgia on 11 October 2015 (having won the first match against them).
On 13 November 2015, the team was playing a friendly match against France in Paris when a series of terrorist attacks took place in the city, some in the direct vicinity of the Stade de France, where the game was held. For security reasons, the team needed to spend the night inside the stadium, accompanied by the French squad who stayed behind in an act of comradery. Four days later, on 17 November 2015, the German team was scheduled to face the Netherlands at Hanover's HDI-Arena, also in a friendly. After initial security reservations, the DFB decided to play the match on 15 November. However, after reports about a concrete threat to the stadium, the match was cancelled ninety minutes before kickoff.
Results and fixtures
25 March 2015 Friendly
|20:30 CET (UTC+01:00)||Reus 17'
Referee: Michael Oliver (England)
29 March 2015 UEFA Euro 2016 Q
|20:00 GET (UTC+04:00)
18:00 CEST (UTC+02:00)
|Stadium: Boris Paichadze Dinamo Arena
Referee: Clément Turpin (France)
10 June 2015 Friendly
|Germany||1–2||United States||Cologne, Germany|
|20:45 CEST (UTC+02:00)||Götze 12'||Report||Diskerud 41'
Referee: Danny Makkelie (Netherlands)
13 June 2015 UEFA Euro 2016 Q
|19:45 WEST (UTC+01:00)
20:45 CEST (UTC+02:00)
|Report||Schürrle 28', 65', 71'
Kruse 47', 81'
|Stadium: Estádio Algarve
Referee: Clayton Pisani (Malta)
4 September 2015 UEFA Euro 2016 Q
Götze 19', 82'
|Report||Lewandowski 37'||Stadium: Commerzbank-Arena
Referee: Nicola Rizzoli (Italy)
7 September 2015 UEFA Euro 2016 Q
|GMT||Hummels 28' (o.g.)
|Report||Müller 18', 34'
|Stadium: Hampden Park
Referee: Björn Kuipers (Netherlands)
8 October 2015 UEFA Euro 2016 Q
|Republic of Ireland||1–0||Germany||Dublin, Ireland|
|19:45 WEST (UTC+01:00)||Long 70'||Report||Stadium: Aviva Stadium
Referee: Carlos Velasco Carballo (Spain)
11 October 2015 UEFA Euro 2016 Q
|20:45 CEST (UTC+02:00)||Müller 50' (pen.)
|Report||Kankava 53'||Stadium: Red Bull Arena
Referee: Pavel Královec (Czech Republic)
13 November 2015 Friendly
|Report||Stadium: Stade de France
Referee: Antonio Mateu Lahoz (Spain)
17 November 2015 Friendly
Referee: Viktor Kassai (Hungary)
|Note: Game was cancelled 1 1/2 hours prior to the kickoff.|
|26 March 2016 Friendly||Germany||v||England||Berlin, Germany|
|20:45 CEST (UTC+02:00)||Report||Stadium: Olympiastadion
|29 March 2016 Friendly||Germany||v||Italy||Munich, Germany|
|20:45 CEST (UTC+02:00)||Report||Stadium: Allianz Arena
|29 May 2016 Friendly||Germany||v||Slovakia||Augsburg, Germany|
|17:45 CEST (UTC+02:00)||||Stadium: WWK ARENA
|4 June 2016 Friendly||Germany||v||Hungary||Gelsenkirchen, Germany|
|18:00 CEST (UTC+02:00)||||Stadium: Veltins-Arena
|12 June 2016 UEFA Euro 2016||Germany||v||Ukraine||Lille, France|
|21:00||Report||Stadium: Stade Pierre-Mauroy
|16 June 2016 UEFA Euro 2016||Germany||v||Poland||Saint-Denis, France|
|21:00||Report||Stadium: Stade de France
|21 June 2016 UEFA Euro 2016||Northern Ireland||v||Germany||Paris, France|
|21:00||Report||Stadium: Parc des Princes
|4 September 2016 2018 FIFA World Cup Q||Norway||v||Germany||Oslo, Norway|
|Stadium: Ullevaal Stadion
|8 October 2016 2018 FIFA World Cup Q||Germany||v||Czech Republic||Hamburg, Germany|
|11 October 2016 2018 FIFA World Cup Q||Germany||v||Northern Ireland||Hannover, Germany|
|11 November 2016 2018 FIFA World Cup Q||San Marino||v||Germany||Serravalle, San Marino|
|Stadium: San Marino Stadium
|26 March 2017 2018 FIFA World Cup Q||Azerbaijan||v||Germany||TBA|
|10 June 2017 2018 FIFA World Cup Q||Germany||v||San Marino||TBA|
|1 September 2017 2018 FIFA World Cup Q||Czech Republic||v||Germany||TBA|
|4 September 2017 2018 FIFA World Cup Q||Germany||v||Norway||TBA|
|5 October 2017 2018 FIFA World Cup Q||Northern Ireland||v||Germany||Belfast, Northern Ireland|
|Stadium: Windsor Park
|8 October 2017 2018 FIFA World Cup Q||Germany||v||Azerbaijan||TBA|
Germany plays its home matches among various stadiums, in rotation, around the country. They have played home matches in 43 different cities so far, including venues that were German at the time of the match, such as Vienna, Austria, which staged three games between 1938 and 1942.
National team matches have been held most often (44 times) in the stadiums of Berlin, which was the venue of Germany's first home match (in 1908 against England). Other common host cities include Hamburg (33 matches), Stuttgart (31), Hanover (26) and Dortmund. Another notable location is Munich, which has hosted numerous notable matches throughout the history of German football, including the 1974 FIFA World Cup Final, which Germany won against the Netherlands.
Adidas AG is the longstanding kit provider to the national team, a sponsorship that began in 1954 and is contracted to continue until at least 2018. In the 70s, Germany wore Erima kits (a German brand, formerly a subsidiary of Adidas).
The national team's home kit has always been a white shirt and black shorts. The colours are derived from the 19th-century flag of the north German State of Prussia. Since 1988, many of the home kit's designs incorporate details patterned after the modern German flag (with the noted exception of the 2002 World Cup kit, which was a reversal to the pure black-and-white scheme). The away shirt colour has changed several times. For the 2014 World Cup, the German team used white shorts rather than the traditional black due to FIFA's kit clashing rule for the tournament. Historically, green shirt with white shorts is the most often used alternative colour combination, derived from the DFB colours – though it is often erroneously reported that the choice is in recognition of the fact that Ireland, whose home shirts are green, were the first nation to play Germany in a friendly game after World War II. However, the first team to play Germany after WWII, as stated above, was actually Switzerland. Other colours such as red, grey and black have also been used.
A change from black to red came in 2005 on the request of Jürgen Klinsmann, but Germany played every game at the 2006 World Cup in its home white colours. In 2010, the away colours then changed back to a black shirt and white shorts, but at the tournament the team dressed up in the black shorts from the home kit. The German team next resumed the use of a green shirt on its away kit, but then changed again to red-and-black striped shirts with white stripes and letters, and black shorts.
Germany's qualifying matches are currently televised by privately owned RTL; friendlies by public broadcasters ARD and ZDF. World Cup & European Championships matches featuring the German national team are among the most-watched events in the history of television in Germany.
Germany has won the World Cup four times, behind only Brazil (five titles). It has finished as runners-up four times. In terms of semifinal appearances, Germany leads with 13, two more than Brazil's 11, which had participated in two more tournaments. In the last 16 World Cup tournaments, Germany has always reached at least the stage of the last eight teams. Germany has also qualified for every one of the 18 World Cups for which it has entered – it did not enter the inaugural competition in Uruguay of 1930 for economic reasons, and could not qualify for or compete in the post-war 1950 World Cup as the DFB was reinstated as a FIFA member only two months after this tournament. Germany also have the distinction of having the highest Elo football rating of all time (2200) following their victory in the 2014 World Cup.
Germany has also won the European Championship three times (Spain and France are the only other multiple-time winners with three and two titles respectively), and finished as runners-up three times as well. The Germans have qualified for every European Championship tournament except for the very first European Championship they entered in 1968. For that tournament, Germany was in the only group of three teams and thus only played four qualifying games. The deciding game was a scoreless draw in Albania which gave Yugoslavia the edge, having won in their neighbour country. The team's worst result in the competition was a first round elimination in 2000 and 2004.[better source needed][better source needed]
FIFA World Cup record
Champions Runners-up Third Place Fourth Place
|FIFA World Cup record||FIFA World Cup Qualification record|
|1930||Did Not Enter||–||–||–||–||–||–|
|1958||Fourth Place||4th||6||2||2||2||12||14||Qualified as Defending Champions|
|1974||Champions||1st||7||6||0||1||13||4||Qualified as Hosts|
|1978||Second Group Stage||6th||6||1||4||1||10||5||Qualified as Defending Champions|
|1994||Quarter-Final||5th||5||3||1||1||9||7||Qualified as Defending Champions|
|2006||Third Place||3rd||7||5||1||1||14||6||Qualified as Hosts|
|2018||To Be Determined|
- *Denotes draws include knockout matches decided on penalty kicks.
- **Gold background colour indicates that the tournament was won.
- ***Red border color indicates tournament was held on home soil.
UEFA European Championship record
- 1960–1990 as West Germany
- 1990– as Germany
|UEFA European Championship record||UEFA European Championship Qualification record|
|1960||Did Not Enter||Did Not Enter|
|1968||Did Not Qualify||4||2||1||1||9||2|
|1988||Semi Final||3rd||4||2||1||1||6||3||Qualified as Hosts|
|2020||To Be Determined|
- *Denotes draws include knockout matches decided on penalty kicks.
- **Gold background colour indicates that the tournament was won.
- ***Red border color indicates tournament was held on home soil.
FIFA Confederations Cup record
|FIFA Confederations Cup record|
|1992||Did Not Enter |
|1995||Did Not Qualify|
|1997||Did Not Enter |
|2001||Did Not Qualify|
|2003||Did Not Enter |
|2009||Did Not Qualify|
|2021||To Be Determined|
- *Denotes draws including knockout matches decided on penalty kicks.
- **Gold background colour indicates that the tournament was won.
- ***Red border color indicates tournament was held on home soil.
Note All tournaments from 1950 to 1990 inclusively were competed as West Germany.
FIFA ranking history
- Champions: 1954, 1974, 1990, 2014
- Runners-up: 1966, 1982, 1986, 2002
- Third place: 1934, 1970, 2006, 2010
- Third place: 2005
Current technical staff
|Head coach||Joachim Löw|
|Assistant coach||Thomas Schneider|
|Goalkeeping coach||Andreas Köpke|
|Fitness coach||Yann-Benjamin Kugel|
|Mental coach||Dr Hans-Dieter Hermann|
|Business manager||Oliver Bierhoff|
|Sporting director||Hans-Dieter Flick|
The following players were called up for the friendlies against France on 13 November 2015 and against the Netherlands on 17 November 2015.
Caps and goals as of 13 November 2015 after the game against France.
The following players have also been called up to the Germany squad within the last 12 months and are still available for selection.
Famous past players
Most capped players
Below is a list of the 10 players with the most caps for Germany, as of 13 November 2015[update]. (bold denotes players still available for selection). Players who had played for the separate East German Team (in the scope of this list: Streich 102) do not appear in this list.
Below is a list of the top 10 goalscorers for Germany, as of 8 September 2015[update]. (bold denotes players still available for selection). Former East Germany players (in the scope of this list: Streich 55 and Kirsten 34: 14 East Germany and 20 Germany) are not included in this Wikipedia list, though they are included in DFB records.
FIFA World Cup winning captains
European Championship winning captains
1954 (First title)
1974 (Second title)
1990 (Third title)
2014 (Fourth title)
1972 (First title)
1980 (Second title)
1996 (Third title)
FC Bayern Munich
|Laureus World Team of the Year
- Germany national under-21 football team
- Germany national youth football team (includes U-15, U-16, U-17, U-18, U-19 and U-20 squads)
- Germany women's national football team
- East Germany national football team
- In Germany, the team is typically referred to as Die Nationalmannschaft (the national team), DFB-Elf (DFB eleven), DFB-Auswahl (DFB selection) or Nationalelf (national eleven). Whereas in foreign media, they are regularly described as (Die) Mannschaft (literally meaning the team). As of June 2015, this was acknowledged by the DFB as official branding of the team.
- "DFB unveil new "Die Mannschaft" branding". DFB. Retrieved 8 June 2015.
- "Germany: FIFA/Coca-Cola World Ranking". FIFA. Retrieved 12 September 2013.
- "All matches of The National Team in 1908". DFB. Retrieved 1 August 2008.
- "Germany". FIFA. Retrieved 14 January 2012.
- "Germany's strength in numbers". UEFA. Retrieved 14 January 2012.
- "Statistics – Most-capped players". DFB. Retrieved 11 October 2011.
- "Statistics – Top scorers". DFB. Retrieved 11 October 2011.
- "Olympic Football Tournament Montreal 1976". FIFA. Retrieved 28 December 2011.
- Silver, Nate (13 July 2014). "Germany May Be the Best National Soccer Team Ever". FiveThirtyEight. Retrieved 15 July 2014.
- In early times it was simply called "die 11 besten Spieler von Deutschland" or just "die Bundesauswahl" (the Federation XI). Tags like "National team" or "National XI" weren't introduced until after World War I
- "Professor Otto Nerz". DFB (in German). Retrieved 13 March 2012.
- Muras, Udo (16 May 2007). "Nur Hitler konnte sie stoppen" (in German). Retrieved 7 March 2012.
- "All matches of The National Team in 1937". DFB. Retrieved 1 January 2009.
- "(West) Germany – International Results". Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation. Retrieved 1 January 2009.
- Nick Amies (1 April 2010). "World Cup Final, 1954: Hungary vs. West Germany". The Making of a World Cup Legend. Deutsche Welle. Retrieved 30 March 2012.
- "The Miracle of Bern". FIFA. Retrieved 8 March 2012.
- Nick Amies (1 April 2010). "World Cup Final, 1966: England vs. West Germany". The Making of a World Cup Legend. Deutsche Welle. Retrieved 30 March 2012.
- "England’s claim to the firmament". FIFA. Retrieved 8 March 2012.
- Nick Amies (1 April 2010). "World Cup Semi-Final, 1970: Italy vs. West Germany". The Making of a World Cup Legend. Deutsche Welle. Retrieved 30 March 2012.
- "A test of endurance and will". FIFA. Retrieved 8 March 2012.
- "Müller the menace in German masterclass". UEFA. 3 October 2003. Retrieved 2 March 2012.
- "West Germany make their mark". UEFA. Retrieved 2 March 2012.
- "1974 FIFA World Cup Germany – Dutch take plaudits but Germany take the prize". FIFA. Retrieved 7 March 2012.
- "East edge battle of brothers". FIFA. Retrieved 8 March 2012.
- Nick Amies (1 April 2010). "World Cup Final, 1974: West Germany vs. The Netherlands". The Making of a World Cup Legend. Deutsche Welle. Retrieved 30 March 2012.
- "Oranje crushed in Munich". FIFA. Retrieved 8 March 2012.
- "Panenka's panache seals Czech triumph". UEFA. 3 October 2003. Retrieved 2 March 2012.
- "Hrubesch turns West Germany's unlikely hero". UEFA. 4 October 2003. Retrieved 2 March 2012.
- "Les Fennecs spring a surprise". FIFA. Retrieved 8 March 2012.
- Nick Amies (1 April 2010). "World Cup Semi-Final, 1982: West Germany vs. France". The Making of a World Cup Legend. Deutsche Welle. Retrieved 30 March 2012.
- "Battling Germans knock out brave Bleus". FIFA. Retrieved 8 March 2012.
- "Italians triumph in heavyweight rumble". FIFA. Retrieved 8 March 2012.
- "World Cup 2014: Miroslav Klose breaks finals goals record". BBC. 8 July 2014. Retrieved 13 July 2014.
- "Franz Beckenbauer". FIFA. Retrieved 1 February 2012.
- "1986 FIFA World Cup Mexico – Maradona lights up the world – with a helping hand". FIFA. Retrieved 1 February 2012.
- "1986 FIFA World Cup Mexico – Matches". FIFA. Retrieved 1 February 2012.
- "Van Basten sparks Netherlands joy". UEFA. Retrieved 1 February 2012.
- "1990 FIFA World Cup Italy – Germany hit winning note as Italian chorus fades". FIFA. Retrieved 1 February 2012.
- "Gazza weeps as Germans prevail". FIFA. Retrieved 8 March 2012.
- "1990 FIFA World Cup Italy – Matches". FIFA. Retrieved 1 February 2012.
- "Gatecrashing Denmark down Germany". UEFA. 5 October 2003. Retrieved 2 March 2012.
- "Bulgaria Ends Germany's Reign". The New York Times. 11 July 1994. Retrieved 8 March 2012.
- Mifflin, Lawrie (11 July 1994). "WORLD CUP '94; Bulgaria, a Small Foot in Soccer, Steps Closer to Glass Slipper". The New York Times. Retrieved 8 March 2012.
- Thomsen, Ian (1 July 1996). "Germany Wins Euro 96 With a 'Golden Goal'". The New York Times. Retrieved 12 March 2012.
- "Hosts denied by Germany in epic semi-final". UEFA. 6 October 2003. Retrieved 2 March 2012.
- "Bierhoff hero of Germany's EURO '96 win". UEFA. 6 October 2003. Retrieved 2 March 2012.
- Longman, Jere (5 July 1998). "WORLD CUP '98; Croatia Stuns Germany With the Aid Of a Red Card". The New York Times. Retrieved 2 March 2012.
- Hughes, Rob (9 September 1998). "Another Day, Another Coach Gone:Now It's Vogts". The New York Times. Retrieved 7 March 2012.
- "Holders Germany suffer heavy defeat". BBC Sport. 20 June 2000. Retrieved 11 March 2012.
- "Ribbeck quits as Germans head home". BBC Sport. 21 June 2000. Retrieved 11 March 2012.
- "Germany edge out Paraguay". BBC Sport. 15 June 2002. Retrieved 11 February 2012.
- "Germany beat valiant USA". BBC Sport. 22 June 2002. Retrieved 11 February 2012.
- "Germany shatter Korea". BBC Sport. 25 June 2002. Retrieved 11 February 2012.
- "Brazil crowned world champions". BBC Sport. 30 June 2002. Retrieved 11 February 2012.
- "Kahn wins Golden Ball award". BBC Sport. 2 July 2002. Retrieved 11 February 2012.
- "Kahn named top keeper". BBC Sport. 30 June 2002. Retrieved 11 February 2012.
- "Germany 1–2 Czech Rep". BBC Sport. 23 June 2004. Retrieved 16 March 2012.
- "Voeller quits Germany role". BBC Sport. 24 June 2004. Retrieved 14 February 2012.
- "Klinsmann takes German post". The Guardian (London). 26 July 2004. Retrieved 14 February 2012.
- "Germany 2–0 Sweden". BBC Sport. 24 June 2006. Retrieved 12 February 2012.
- "Lehmann had penalty taker notes". BBC Sport. 1 July 2006. Retrieved 8 March 2012.
- "Germany 0–2 Italy (aet)". BBC Sport. 4 July 2006. Retrieved 11 February 2012.
- "Germany 3–1 Portugal". BBC Sport. 8 July 2006. Retrieved 11 February 2012.
- "Klose finishes as leading scorer". BBC Sport. 9 July 2006. Retrieved 14 February 2012.
- "Klinsmann quits as Germany coach". BBC Sport. 12 July 2006. Retrieved 14 February 2012.
- Chowdhury, Saj (16 June 2008). "Austria 0–1 Germany & Poland 0–1 Croatia". BBC Sport. Retrieved 11 February 2012.
- McKenzie, Andrew (19 June 2008). "Portugal 2–3 Germany". BBC Sport. Retrieved 11 February 2012.
- McNulty, Phil (25 June 2008). "Germany 3–2 Turkey". BBC Sport. Retrieved 18 February 2012.
- McNulty, Phil (29 June 2008). "Germany 0–1 Spain". BBC Sport. Retrieved 11 February 2012.
- McCarra, Kevin (27 June 2010). "World Cup 2010: Germany tear down England's defence". The Guardian (London). Retrieved 12 February 2012.
- "FAW boss Jonathan Ford rejects technology idea". BBC News. 28 June 2010. Retrieved 2 February 2012.
- Garside, Kevin (27 June 2010). "England v Germany: Frank Lampard's disallowed goal highlights stupidity of Fifa". The Daily Telegraph (London). Retrieved 2 February 2012.
- "England v Germany: Frank Lampard denied goal by Uruguayan linesman – in pictures". The Daily Telegraph (London). 27 June 2010. Retrieved 2 February 2012.
- Fifield, Dominic (3 July 2010). "World Cup 2010: Germany dump Diego Maradona and Argentina out". The Guardian (London). Retrieved 12 February 2012.
- "FIFA World Cup Record – Players". FIFA. Retrieved 14 January 2012.
- McCarra, Kevin (7 July 2010). "World Cup 2010: Spain overcome Germany after Carles Puyol winner". The Guardian (London). Retrieved 12 February 2012.
- Duxbury, Nick (10 July 2010). "World Cup 2010: Germany defeated Uruguay 3–2 to take third place. in third-place thriller". The Guardian (London). Retrieved 12 February 2012.
- "Golden Boot". FIFA. Retrieved 2 March 2012.
- "Muller named Hyundai Best Young Player". FIFA. 9 March 2011. Retrieved 5 November 2011.
- "Germany overpower Greece in Gdansk". UEFA. 22 June 2012. Retrieved 7 July 2012.
- "2014 Fifa World Cup – Group G". FIFA. Retrieved 1 June 2014.
- Ronay, Barney (16 June 2014). "Portugal’s Cristiano Ronaldo outshone by Germany’s Thomas Müller". The Guardian. Retrieved 1 October 2014.
- James, David (14 June 2014). "Why Germany’s team ethic could be too much for even Cristiano Ronaldo". The Guardian. Retrieved 1 October 2014.
- "France 0–1 Germany – watch again – BBC Sport". BBC. 1 January 1970. Retrieved 13 July 2014.
- "Brazil 1–7 Germany: Match replay (UK only) – BBC Sport". BBC. 9 July 2014. Retrieved 13 July 2014.
- "The Mineirazo in numbers". FIFA. 9 July 2014.
- "Why Mueller is the World Cup superstar Messi only dreams of being". Yahoo!. 12 July 2014. Retrieved 1 October 2014.
- Futterman, Matthew (11 July 2014). "The World Cup Final: The Best Team vs. the Best Player". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 1 October 2014.
- Raish, Dave. "Götze volley gives Germany their fourth World Cup title". Deutsche Welle. Retrieved 14 July 2014.
- "Germans End Long Wait: 24 Years and a Bit Extra". The New York Times. 13 July 2014. Retrieved 14 July 2014.
- Phipps, Claire; Rawlinson, Kevin (14 November 2015). "Paris attacks kill more than 120 people – as it happened". The Guardian. Retrieved 18 November 2015.
- Hills, David (14 November 2015). "France players praised for staying with Germany team in Stade de France". The Guardian. Retrieved 18 November 2015.
- "DFB-Entscheidung: Testspiel gegen die Niederlande findet statt" (in German). Spiegel Online. 15 November 2015. Retrieved 18 November 2015.
- "Deutschland gegen Niederlande in Hannover: Länderspiel wegen Bombendrohung abgesagt" (in German). Spiegel Online. 17 November 2015. Retrieved 18 November 2015.
- "Länderspiel gegen Niederlande abgesagt". dfb.de. 17 November 2015.
- "Deutsche Fußball-Nationalmannschaft 1978–1980". sportmuseum.de. 4 May 2012. Retrieved 9 February 2012.
- "DFB-Trikot 2012". hansanews.de. Retrieved 9 February 2012.
- "2014 FIFA World Cup Regulations" (PDF). UEFA. Retrieved 29 June 2014.
- "Why does Germany wear green? The Ireland myth and". A Football Report. Retrieved 13 July 2014.
- Jürgen Zelustek, Thomas Niklaus / sid (1 February 2006). "Traditionstrikot vor dem Aus – Klinsmann steht auf Rot". Der Spiegel (in German). Retrieved 29 July 2011.
- "Germany Football Shirts – Old Football Kits". oldfootballshirts.com. Retrieved 25 December 2011.
- "FIFA World Cup 1938 – Historical Football Kits". Historicalkits.co.uk. Retrieved 13 July 2014.
- "The FIFA World Cup". schwarzundweiss.co.uk. Retrieved 13 March 2012.
- "The UEFA European Football Championship". schwarzundweiss.co.uk. Retrieved 13 March 2012.
- In Euro 2000, the team went out in the first round, drawing with Romania, then suffering a 1–0 defeat to England and were routed 3–0 by Portugal.
- In Euro 2004, Germany again exited in the first round, drawing their first two matches and losing the third to the Czech Republic.
- As 1990 FIFA World Cup Champions
- As UEFA Euro 1996 Champions
- As 2002 FIFA World Cup Runners-up
- "The "Mannschaft"". DFB. Retrieved 2 October 2015.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Germany national football team.|
- DFB's German national football team page
- DFB's statistics of the German team
- FIFA website: Germany FIFA World Cup victories Winner (1954, 1974, 1990, 2014) Runners-Up (1966, 1982, 1986, 2002) Third (1934, 1970, 2006, 2010) Fourth (1958)
- Schwarz und Weiß: A website about the German National Team in English
- RSSSF archive of Germany results
- Reports for all official matches
- RSSSF archive of most capped players and highest goalscorers