German occupied territory of Montenegro
|German occupied territory of Montenegro|
|Part of Yugoslavia occupied by Germany|
Occupation and partition of Yugoslavia after the Italian surrender in September 1943. The German occupation of Montenegro is shown in grey in the southern coastal region.
|Founded by||Nazi Germany|
Part of a series on the
|History of Montenegro|
|Middle Ages and early modern|
|Modern and contemporary|
The German occupied territory of Montenegro was the area of the Italian governorate of Montenegro occupied by German forces in September 1943, after the Armistice of Cassibile; in which the Kingdom of Italy capitulated and joined the Allies. Italian forces retreated from the governorate, and from neighbouring Albania. German forces occupied Montenegro, along with Albania, and the territory remained under German occupation until December 1944, during which the Germans and their local collaborators fought against the Yugoslav Partisans. After the Germans withdrew from Montenegro, the fascist leader Sekula Drljević, attempted to create a government-in-exile in the neighbouring Independent State of Croatia (NDH), which was a German quasi-protectorate. Drljević also created the Montenegrin People's Army, a military force set up by him and the Croatian fascist leader Ante Pavelić. However, his government-in-exile, the Montenegrin State Council, was dissolved after the fall of the NDH government. Montenegro was later taken over by the Yugoslav Partisans of Josip Tito, and became part of the new Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.
- Roberts, Walter R. (1987). Tito, Mihailović and the Allies: 1941–1945. New Brunswick, New Jersey: Duke University Press. ISBN 978-0-8223-0773-0.
- Tomasevich, Jozo (1975). War and Revolution in Yugoslavia, 1941–1945: The Chetniks. Stanford, California: Stanford University Press. ISBN 978-0-8047-0857-9.
- Tomasevich, Jozo (2001). War and Revolution in Yugoslavia, 1941–1945: Occupation and Collaboration. Stanford, California: Stanford University Press. ISBN 978-0-8047-3615-2.