German submarine U-1005

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U995 2004 1.jpg
U-995 Type VIIC/41 at the Laboe Naval Memorial. This U-boat is almost identical to U-1005.
History
Nazi Germany
Name: U-1005
Ordered: 14 October 1941
Builder: Blohm & Voss, Hamburg
Yard number: 205
Laid down: 29 January 1943
Launched: 17 November 1943
Commissioned: 30 December 1943
Fate: Surrendered,14 May 1945
Status: Foundered under tow, 5 December 1945
General characteristics
Type: Type VIIC/41 submarine
Displacement:
  • 757 long tons (769 t) surfaced
  • 857 long tons (871 t) submerged
Length:
Beam:
  • 6.20 m (20 ft 4 in) o/a
  • 4.70 m (15 ft 5 in) pressure hull
Height: 9.60 m (31 ft 6 in)
Draught: 4.74 m (15 ft 7 in)
Installed power:
  • 2 × diesel engines
  • 2,800–3,200 PS (2,100–2,400 kW; 2,800–3,200 bhp) (diesels)
  • 750 PS (550 kW; 740 shp) (electric)
Propulsion:
Speed:
  • 17.7 knots (32.8 km/h; 20.4 mph) surfaced
  • 7.6 knots (14.1 km/h; 8.7 mph) submerged
Range:
  • 8,500 nmi (15,700 km; 9,800 mi) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph) surfaced
  • 80 nmi (150 km; 92 mi) at 4 knots (7.4 km/h; 4.6 mph) submerged
Test depth:
  • 250 m (820 ft)
  • Calculated crush depth: 250–295 m (820–968 ft)
Complement: 44-52 officers & ratings
Armament:
Service record
Part of:
Commanders:
  • Oblt.z.S. Joachim Methner[1]
  • 30 December 1943 – 2 July 1944
  • Oblt.z.S. Hermann Lauth[2]
  • 3 July 1944 – 8 May 1945
Operations: 2 patrols
Victories: None

German submarine U-1005 was a Type VIIC/41 U-boat of Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine during World War II.

She was ordered on 14 October 1941, and was laid down on 29 January 1943, at Blohm & Voss, Hamburg, as yard number 205. She was launched on 17 November 1943, and commissioned under the command of Oberleutnant zur See Joachim Methner on 30 December 1943.[3]

Design[edit]

German Type VIIC/41 submarines were preceded by the heavier Type VIIC submarines. U-1005 had a displacement of 769 tonnes (757 long tons) when at the surface and 871 tonnes (857 long tons) while submerged. She had a total length of 67.10 m (220 ft 2 in), a pressure hull length of 50.50 m (165 ft 8 in), an overall beam of 6.20 m (20 ft 4 in), a height of 9.60 m (31 ft 6 in), and a draught of 4.74 m (15 ft 7 in). The submarine was powered by two Germaniawerft F46 four-stroke, six-cylinder supercharged diesel engines producing a total of 2,800 to 3,200 metric horsepower (2,060 to 2,350 kW; 2,760 to 3,160 shp) for use while surfaced, two BBC GG UB 720/8 double-acting electric motors producing a total of 750 metric horsepower (550 kW; 740 shp) for use while submerged. She had two shafts and two 1.23 m (4 ft) propellers. The boat was capable of operating at depths of up to 230 metres (750 ft).[4]

The submarine had a maximum surface speed of 17.7 knots (32.8 km/h; 20.4 mph) and a maximum submerged speed of 7.6 knots (14.1 km/h; 8.7 mph). When submerged, the boat could operate for 80 nautical miles (150 km; 92 mi) at 4 knots (7.4 km/h; 4.6 mph); when surfaced, she could travel 8,500 nautical miles (15,700 km; 9,800 mi) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph). U-1005 was fitted with five 53.3 cm (21 in) torpedo tubes (four fitted at the bow and one at the stern), fourteen torpedoes or 26 TMA or TMB Naval mines, one 8.8 cm (3.46 in) SK C/35 naval gun, (220 rounds), one 3.7 cm (1.5 in) Flak M42 and two 2 cm (0.79 in) C/30 anti-aircraft guns. The boat had a complement of between forty-four and fifty-two.[4]

Service history[edit]

U-1005 participated in two war patrol which resulted in no ships damaged or sunk.[3]

U-1005 had Schnorchel underwater-breathing apparatus fitted out sometime before February 1945.[3]

On 14 May 1945, U-1005 surrendered at Bergen, Norway and was transferred to Loch Ryan, Scotland on 2 June 1945, where she would wait nearly six months for her final fate. Of the 156 U-boats that eventually surrendered to the Allied forces at the end of the war, U-1005 was one of 116 selected to take part in Operation Deadlight. U-1005 was towed out but foundered on 5 December 1945, becoming one of the 56 U-boats that sank before reaching the scuttling areas.[3]

The wreck now lies at 55°33′N 8°27′W / 55.550°N 8.450°W / 55.550; -8.450Coordinates: 55°33′N 8°27′W / 55.550°N 8.450°W / 55.550; -8.450.[3]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Helgason, Guðmundur. "Joachim Methner". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 19 March 2016. 
  2. ^ Helgason, Guðmundur. "Hermann Lauth". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 19 March 2016. 
  3. ^ a b c d e Helgason, Guðmundur. "U-1005". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 19 March 2016. 
  4. ^ a b Gröner 1991, pp. 43-44.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Busch, Rainer; Röll, Hans-Joachim (1999). German U-boat commanders of World War II : a biographical dictionary. Translated by Brooks, Geoffrey. London, Annapolis, Md: Greenhill Books, Naval Institute Press. ISBN 1-55750-186-6. 
  • Busch, Rainer; Röll, Hans-Joachim (1999). Deutsche U-Boot-Verluste von September 1939 bis Mai 1945 [German U-boat losses from September 1939 to May 1945]. Der U-Boot-Krieg (in German). IV. Hamburg, Berlin, Bonn: Mittler. ISBN 3-8132-0514-2. 
  • Gröner, Erich; Jung, Dieter; Maass, Martin (1991). U-boats and Mine Warfare Vessels. German Warships 1815–1945. 2. Translated by Thomas, Keith; Magowan, Rachel. London: Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-85177-593-4. 

External links[edit]