German submarine U-1060

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History
Nazi Germany
Name: U-1060
Ordered: 25 August 1941
Builder: Germaniawerft, Kiel
Yard number: 694
Laid down: 7 July 1942
Launched: 8 March 1943
Commissioned: 15 May 1943
Fate: Wrecked, 27 October 1944
General characteristics
Class and type: Type VIIF submarine
Displacement:
  • 1,084 tonnes (1,067 long tons) surfaced
  • 1,181 t (1,162 long tons) submerged
Length:
Beam:
  • 7.30 m (23 ft 11 in) o/a
  • 4.70 m (15 ft 5 in) pressure hull
Height: 9.60 m (31 ft 6 in)
Draught: 4.91 m (16 ft 1 in)
Installed power:
  • 2,800–3,200 PS (2,100–2,400 kW; 2,800–3,200 bhp) (diesels)
  • 750 PS (550 kW; 740 shp) (electric)
Propulsion:
Speed:
  • 16.9–17.6 knots (31.3–32.6 km/h; 19.4–20.3 mph) surfaced
  • 7.9 knots (14.6 km/h; 9.1 mph) submerged
Range:
  • 14,700 nmi (27,200 km; 16,900 mi) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph) surfaced
  • 75 nmi (139 km; 86 mi) at 4 knots (7.4 km/h; 4.6 mph)submerged
Test depth:
  • 200 m (660 ft)
  • Calculated crush depth: 220–240 m (720–790 ft)
Crew: 4 officers, 42 enlisted
Armament:
Service record
Part of:
Commanders:
  • Oblt.z.S. Herbert Brammer
  • 15 May 1943 – 27 October 1944
Operations:
  • 1st patrol: 14 December 1943 – 7 January 1944
  • 2nd patrol: 18 January – 12 February 1944
  • 3rd patrol: 28 March – 27 April 1944
  • 4th patrol: 13 May – 3 June 1944
  • 5th patrol: 20 June – 15 July 1944
  • 6th patrol: 7–27 October 1944
Victories: None

German submarine U-1060 was a Type VIIF submarine of Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine in World War II.

Commissioned on 15 May 1943, U-1060 was one of four Type VIIF torpedo transport submarines, which could carry up to 40 torpedoes,[1] and were used to re-supply other U-boats at sea. U-1060 served from 15 May 1943 to 27 October 1944 with 5th U-boat Flotilla, a training unit.

Design[edit]

As one of the four German Type VIIF submarines, U-1060 had a displacement of 1,084 tonnes (1,067 long tons) when at the surface and 1,181 tonnes (1,162 long tons) while submerged.[2] She had a total length of 77.63 m (254 ft 8 in), a pressure hull length of 60.40 m (198 ft 2 in), a beam of 7.30 m (23 ft 11 in), a height of 9.60 m (31 ft 6 in), and a draught of 4.91 m (16 ft 1 in). The submarine was powered by two Germaniawerft F46 supercharged four-stroke, six-cylinder diesel engines producing a total of 2,800 to 3,200 metric horsepower (2,060 to 2,350 kW; 2,760 to 3,160 shp) for use while surfaced, two AEG GU 460/8-276 double-acting electric motors producing a total of 750 shaft horsepower (760 PS; 560 kW) for use while submerged. She had two shafts and two 1.23 m (4 ft) propellers. The boat was capable of operating at depths of up to 230 metres (750 ft).[2]

The submarine had a maximum surface speed of 16.9–17.6 knots (31.3–32.6 km/h; 19.4–20.3 mph) and a maximum submerged speed of 7.9 knots (14.6 km/h; 9.1 mph).[2] When submerged, the boat could operate for 75 nautical miles (139 km; 86 mi) at 4 knots (7.4 km/h; 4.6 mph); when surfaced, she could travel 14,700 nautical miles (27,200 km; 16,900 mi) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph). U-1060 was fitted with five 53.3 cm (21 in) torpedo tubes (four fitted at the bow and one at the stern), fourteen torpedoes, one 8.8 cm (3.46 in) SK C/35 naval gun, 220 rounds, and various anti-aircraft gun. The boat had a complement of between 44 and 60.[2]

Service history[edit]

U-1060 did not conduct any offensive patrols. Between December 1943 and October 1944 she made six voyages transporting torpedoes from the naval base in Kiel to ports in German-occupied Norway.[3]

On 27 October 1944 Fleet Air Arm Fireflies and Barracudas from the aircraft carrier HMS Implacable attacked U-1060 with rockets and depth charges, and the submarine ran aground on the Norwegian island of Fleina south of Brønnøysund.[4]

On the morning of 29 October two Liberator C Mk V heavy bombers of the Czechoslovak-manned No. 311 Squadron RAF from RAF Tain in Scotland attacked the grounded submarine with wing-mounted SAP60 semi-armour piercing rocket projectiles (RP's).[5] Liberator FL949/Y led by Flg Off Josef Pavelka hit her with seven RP's. The rocket projectile sight aboard Liberator BZ723/H led by Sqn Ldr Alois Šedivý failed, but its crew managed to hit the submarine with another eight RP's. BZ723/H also dropped four depth charges, two of which straddled U-1060 abaft her conning tower.[6]

Finally two Halifax heavy bombers of No. 502 Squadron RAF also depth charged the submarine.[5][7] 12 of U-1060's crew were killed and 43 survived.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gröner, p. 104.
  2. ^ a b c d Gröner 1991, p. 67.
  3. ^ Helgason, Guðmundur. "Patrols by U-1060". uboat.net. Retrieved 30 November 2009.
  4. ^ Vančata 2013, p. 69.
  5. ^ a b Osolsobě 1990, pp. 200–206.
  6. ^ Vančata 2013, pp. 69–70.
  7. ^ Vančata 2013, p. 70.
  8. ^ Helgason, Guðmundur. "The Type VIIF boat U-1060". uboat.net. Retrieved 30 November 2009.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Bishop, Chris (2006). Kriegsmarine U-Boats, 1939–45. London: Amber Books. ISBN 978-1-904687-96-2.
  • Busch, Rainer; Röll, Hans-Joachim (1999). German U-boat commanders of World War II: a biographical dictionary. Translated by Brooks, Geoffrey. London, Annapolis: Greenhill Books, Naval Institute Press. ISBN 1-55750-186-6.
  • Busch, Rainer; Röll, Hans-Joachim (1999). Deutsche U-Boot-Verluste von September 1939 bis Mai 1945 [German U-boat losses from September 1939 to May 1945]. Der U-Boot-Krieg (in German). IV. Hamburg, Berlin, Bonn: Mittler. ISBN 3-8132-0514-2.
  • Gröner, Erich; Jung, Dieter; Maass, Martin (1991). U-boats and Mine Warfare Vessels. German Warships 1815–1945. 2. Translated by Thomas, Keith; Magowan, Rachel. London: Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-85177-593-4.
  • Osolsobě, Jiří (1990). Zbylo nás devět (in Czech) (2nd ed.). Prague: Naše vojsko. pp. 200–206. ISBN 80-206-0207-0., the author was the second pilot in Liberator FL949/Y
  • Vančata, Pavel (2013). 311 Squadron. Sandomierz: Stratus, for Mushroom Model Publications. pp. 66–70. ISBN 978-83-61421-43-6.

Coordinates: 65°24′N 12°0′E / 65.400°N 12.000°E / 65.400; 12.000