German submarine U-1060

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History
Nazi Germany
Name: U-1060
Ordered: 25 August 1941
Builder: Germaniawerft, Kiel
Yard number: 694
Laid down: 7 July 1942
Launched: 8 March 1943
Commissioned: 15 May 1943
Fate: Wrecked, 27 October 1944
General characteristics
Class and type: Type VIIF submarine
Displacement:
  • 1,084 tonnes (1,067 long tons) surfaced
  • 1,181 t (1,162 long tons) submerged
Length:
Beam:
  • 7.30 m (23 ft 11 in) o/a
  • 4.70 m (15 ft 5 in) pressure hull
Height: 9.60 m (31 ft 6 in)
Draught: 4.91 m (16 ft 1 in)
Installed power:
  • 2,800–3,200 PS (2,100–2,400 kW; 2,800–3,200 bhp) (diesels)
  • 750 PS (550 kW; 740 shp) (electric)
Propulsion:
Speed:
  • 16.9–17.6 knots (31.3–32.6 km/h; 19.4–20.3 mph) surfaced
  • 7.9 knots (14.6 km/h; 9.1 mph) submerged
Range:
  • 14,700 nmi (27,200 km; 16,900 mi) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph) surfaced
  • 75 nmi (139 km; 86 mi) at 4 knots (7.4 km/h; 4.6 mph)submerged
Test depth:
  • 200 m (660 ft)
  • Calculated crush depth: 220–240 m (720–790 ft)
Crew: 4 officers, 42 enlisted
Armament:
Service record
Part of:
Commanders:
  • Oblt.z.S. Herbert Brammer
  • 15 May 1943 – 27 October 1944
Operations:
  • 1st patrol: 14 December 1943 – 7 January 1944
  • 2nd patrol: 18 January – 12 February 1944
  • 3rd patrol: 28 March – 27 April 1944
  • 4th patrol: 13 May – 3 June 1944
  • 5th patrol: 20 June – 15 July 1944
  • 6th patrol: 7–27 October 1944
Victories: None

German submarine U-1060 was a Type VIIF submarine of Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine during World War II.

Design[edit]

As one of the four German Type VIIF submarines, U-1060 had a displacement of 1,084 tonnes (1,067 long tons) when at the surface and 1,181 tonnes (1,162 long tons) while submerged.[1] She had a total length of 77.63 m (254 ft 8 in), a pressure hull length of 60.40 m (198 ft 2 in), a beam of 7.30 m (23 ft 11 in), a height of 9.60 m (31 ft 6 in), and a draught of 4.91 m (16 ft 1 in). The submarine was powered by two Germaniawerft F46 supercharged four-stroke, six-cylinder diesel engines producing a total of 2,800 to 3,200 metric horsepower (2,060 to 2,350 kW; 2,760 to 3,160 shp) for use while surfaced, two AEG GU 460/8-276 double-acting electric motors producing a total of 750 shaft horsepower (760 PS; 560 kW) for use while submerged. She had two shafts and two 1.23 m (4 ft) propellers. The boat was capable of operating at depths of up to 230 metres (750 ft).[1]

The submarine had a maximum surface speed of 16.9–17.6 knots (31.3–32.6 km/h; 19.4–20.3 mph) and a maximum submerged speed of 7.9 knots (14.6 km/h; 9.1 mph).[1] When submerged, the boat could operate for 75 nautical miles (139 km; 86 mi) at 4 knots (7.4 km/h; 4.6 mph); when surfaced, she could travel 14,700 nautical miles (27,200 km; 16,900 mi) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph). U-1060 was fitted with five 53.3 cm (21 in) torpedo tubes (four fitted at the bow and one at the stern), fourteen torpedoes, one 8.8 cm (3.46 in) SK C/35 naval gun, 220 rounds, and various anti-aircraft gun. The boat had a complement of between forty-four.[1]

Service history[edit]

Commissioned on 15 May 1943, U-1060 was one of four Type VIIF torpedo transport submarines, which could carry up to 40 torpedoes,[2] and were used to re-supply other U-boats at sea. U-1060 served from 15 May 1943 to 27 October 1944 with 5th U-boat Flotilla, a training unit.

U-1060 did not conduct any operational patrols, but completed six torpedo transport patrols operating between Kiel and Norway,[3] before she ran aground and was wrecked on 27 October 1944 south of Brønnøysund, after being attacked and damaged by rockets and depth charges from Fireflies and Barracudas from the carrier HMS Implacable, and depth charges dropped by RAF Halifax bombers of 502 Squadron, and Liberators of 311 Squadron. 12 of U-1060's crew were killed and 43 survived the attack.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Gröner 1991, p. 67.
  2. ^ Gröner, p. 104.
  3. ^ Helgason, Guðmundur. "War Patrols by German U-boat U-1060". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 2009-11-30. 
  4. ^ Helgason, Guðmundur. "The Type VIIF boat U-1060". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 2009-11-30. 

Bibliography[edit]

  • Bishop, Chris (2006). Kriegsmarine U-Boats, 1939-45. London: Amber Books. ISBN 978-1-904687-96-2. 
  • Busch, Rainer; Röll, Hans-Joachim (1999). German U-boat commanders of World War II : a biographical dictionary. Translated by Brooks, Geoffrey. London, Annapolis, Md: Greenhill Books, Naval Institute Press. ISBN 1-55750-186-6. 
  • Busch, Rainer; Röll, Hans-Joachim (1999). Deutsche U-Boot-Verluste von September 1939 bis Mai 1945 [German U-boat losses from September 1939 to May 1945]. Der U-Boot-Krieg (in German). IV. Hamburg, Berlin, Bonn: Mittler. ISBN 3-8132-0514-2. 
  • Gröner, Erich; Jung, Dieter; Maass, Martin (1991). U-boats and Mine Warfare Vessels. German Warships 1815–1945. 2. Translated by Thomas, Keith; Magowan, Rachel. London: Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-85177-593-4. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 65°24′N 12°0′E / 65.400°N 12.000°E / 65.400; 12.000