German submarine U-1060
|Ordered:||25 August 1941|
|Laid down:||7 July 1942|
|Launched:||8 March 1943|
|Commissioned:||15 May 1943|
|Fate:||Wrecked, 27 October 1944|
|Class and type:||Type VIIF submarine|
|Height:||9.60 m (31 ft 6 in)|
|Draught:||4.91 m (16 ft 1 in)|
|Crew:||4 officers, 42 enlisted|
As one of the four German Type VIIF submarines, U-1060 had a displacement of 1,084 tonnes (1,067 long tons) when at the surface and 1,181 tonnes (1,162 long tons) while submerged. She had a total length of 77.63 m (254 ft 8 in), a pressure hull length of 60.40 m (198 ft 2 in), a beam of 7.30 m (23 ft 11 in), a height of 9.60 m (31 ft 6 in), and a draught of 4.91 m (16 ft 1 in). The submarine was powered by two Germaniawerft F46 supercharged four-stroke, six-cylinder diesel engines producing a total of 2,800 to 3,200 metric horsepower (2,060 to 2,350 kW; 2,760 to 3,160 shp) for use while surfaced, two AEG GU 460/8-276 double-acting electric motors producing a total of 750 shaft horsepower (760 PS; 560 kW) for use while submerged. She had two shafts and two 1.23 m (4 ft) propellers. The boat was capable of operating at depths of up to 230 metres (750 ft).
The submarine had a maximum surface speed of 16.9–17.6 knots (31.3–32.6 km/h; 19.4–20.3 mph) and a maximum submerged speed of 7.9 knots (14.6 km/h; 9.1 mph). When submerged, the boat could operate for 75 nautical miles (139 km; 86 mi) at 4 knots (7.4 km/h; 4.6 mph); when surfaced, she could travel 14,700 nautical miles (27,200 km; 16,900 mi) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph). U-1060 was fitted with five 53.3 cm (21 in) torpedo tubes (four fitted at the bow and one at the stern), fourteen torpedoes, one 8.8 cm (3.46 in) SK C/35 naval gun, 220 rounds, and various anti-aircraft gun. The boat had a complement of between forty-four.
Commissioned on 15 May 1943, U-1060 was one of four Type VIIF torpedo transport submarines, which could carry up to 40 torpedoes, and were used to re-supply other U-boats at sea. U-1060 served from 15 May 1943 to 27 October 1944 with 5th U-boat Flotilla, a training unit.
U-1060 did not conduct any operational patrols, but completed six torpedo transport patrols operating between Kiel and Norway, before she ran aground and was wrecked on 27 October 1944 south of Brønnøysund, after being attacked and damaged by rockets and depth charges from Fireflies and Barracudas from the carrier HMS Implacable, and depth charges dropped by RAF Halifax bombers of 502 Squadron, and Liberators of 311 Squadron. 12 of U-1060's crew were killed and 43 survived the attack.
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