German submarine U-1065

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History
Nazi Germany
Name: U-1065
Ordered: 14 September 1941
Builder: Krupp Germaniawerft AG, Kiel
Yard number: 702
Laid down: 23 September 1943
Launched: 3 August 1944
Commissioned: 23 September 1944
Fate: Sunk in air attack north-west of Gothenburg, Sweden on 9 April 1945[1]
General characteristics (VIIC/41)[2]
Class and type: Type VIIC/41 submarine
Displacement:
  • 759 tonnes (747 long tons) surfaced
  • 860 t (846 long tons) submerged
Length:
Beam:
  • 6.20 m (20 ft 4 in) o/a
  • 4.70 m (15 ft 5 in) pressure hull
Height: 9.60 m (31 ft 6 in)
Draught: 4.74 m (15 ft 7 in)
Installed power:
  • 2,800–3,200 PS (2,100–2,400 kW; 2,800–3,200 bhp) (diesels)
  • 750 PS (550 kW; 740 shp) (electric)
Propulsion:
Speed:
  • 17.7 knots (32.8 km/h; 20.4 mph) surfaced
  • 7.6 knots (14.1 km/h; 8.7 mph) submerged
Range:
  • 8,500 nmi (15,700 km; 9,800 mi) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph) surfaced
  • 80 nmi (150 km; 92 mi) at 4 knots (7.4 km/h; 4.6 mph) submerged
Test depth:
  • 230 m (750 ft)
  • Calculated crush depth: 250–295 m (820–968 ft)
Complement: 44-52 officers & ratings
Armament:
Service record
Part of:
Commanders:
  • Oblt.z.S. Johannes Panitz
  • 23 September 1944 – 9 April 1945
Operations: 4–9 April 1945

German submarine U-1065 was a Type VIIC/41 U-boat of Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine during World War II.

She was ordered on 14 September 1941, and was laid down on 23 September 1943 at Krupp Germaniawerft, Kiel, as yard number 702. She was launched on 3 August 1944 and commissioned under the command of Oberleutnant zur See Johannes Panitz on 23 September of that year.[1][2]

Design[edit]

German Type VIIC/41 submarines were preceded by the heavier Type VIIC submarines. U-1065 had a displacement of 759 tonnes (747 long tons) when at the surface and 860 tonnes (850 long tons) while submerged.[3] She had a total length of 67.10 m (220 ft 2 in), a pressure hull length of 50.50 m (165 ft 8 in), a beam of 6.20 m (20 ft 4 in), a height of 9.60 m (31 ft 6 in), and a draught of 4.74 m (15 ft 7 in). The submarine was powered by two Germaniawerft F46 four-stroke, six-cylinder supercharged diesel engines producing a total of 2,800 to 3,200 metric horsepower (2,060 to 2,350 kW; 2,760 to 3,160 shp) for use while surfaced, two AEG GU 460/8–27 double-acting electric motors producing a total of 750 metric horsepower (550 kW; 740 shp) for use while submerged. She had two shafts and two 1.23 m (4 ft) propellers. The boat was capable of operating at depths of up to 230 metres (750 ft).[3]

The submarine had a maximum surface speed of 17.7 knots (32.8 km/h; 20.4 mph) and a maximum submerged speed of 7.6 knots (14.1 km/h; 8.7 mph).[3] When submerged, the boat could operate for 80 nautical miles (150 km; 92 mi) at 4 knots (7.4 km/h; 4.6 mph); when surfaced, she could travel 8,500 nautical miles (15,700 km; 9,800 mi) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph). U-1065 was fitted with five 53.3 cm (21 in) torpedo tubes (four fitted at the bow and one at the stern), fourteen torpedoes, one 8.8 cm (3.46 in) SK C/35 naval gun, 220 rounds, and an anti-aircraft gun. The boat had a complement of between forty-four and sixty.[3]

Service history[edit]

U-1065 had a very short career. While she was commissioned on 23 September 1944, she was not assigned to a flotilla until 1 April 1945. She spent the intervening six months training with the 5th U-boat Flotilla. At the end of her training, she was formally assigned to the same flotilla. She began her first patrol on 4 April 1945, but was sunk after only six days at sea.[1]

First patrol[edit]

U-1065's first patrol took her from her home port of Kiel in northern Germany towards occupied Norway.[1] However, while en route to Norway in company with another of the Flotilla's boats, U-804, the two submarines were detected and attacked in the Skagerrak strait by 34 de Havilland Mosquito aircraft from three separate Royal Air Force squadrons.[4] During the attack, U-1065 was able to shoot down one of the Mosquitos with her anti-aircraft guns. However, she was then hit by several rockets from 10 separate Mosquitos from 143 and 235 Squadron; she exploded and sank with the loss of her entire crew of 45 men.[1][4]

The accompanying vessel, U-804, was also hit by rockets from the Mosquitos during the altercation. She exploded and rapidly sank with the loss of her entire crew of 55 men.[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Helgason, Guðmundur. "U-1065". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 2 March 2010. 
  2. ^ a b Helgason, Guðmundur. "Type VIIC/41". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 2 March 2010. 
  3. ^ a b c d Gröner 1991, pp. 43-46.
  4. ^ a b Helgason, Guðmundur. "U-Boat War in World War II: U-boat successes against aircraft". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 2 March 2010. 
  5. ^ Helgason, Guðmundur. "U-Boat War in World War II: U-804". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 2 March 2010. 

Bibliography[edit]

  • Busch, Rainer; Röll, Hans-Joachim (1999). Deutsche U-Boot-Verluste von September 1939 bis Mai 1945. Der U-Boot-Krieg (in German). IV. Hamburg, Berlin, Bonn: Mittler. ISBN 3-8132-0514-2. 
  • Gröner, Erich; Jung, Dieter; Maass, Martin (1991). U-boats and Mine Warfare Vessels. German Warships 1815–1945. 2. Translated by Thomas, Keith; Magowan, Rachel. London: Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-85177-593-4. 


Coordinates: 57°48′N 11°26′E / 57.800°N 11.433°E / 57.800; 11.433