German submarine U-1065
U-1065 under air attack
|Ordered:||14 September 1941|
|Laid down:||23 September 1943|
|Launched:||3 August 1944|
|Commissioned:||23 September 1944|
|Fate:||Sunk in air attack north-west of Gothenburg, Sweden on 9 April 1945|
|General characteristics (VIIC/41)|
|Class and type:||Type VIIC/41 submarine|
|Height:||9.60 m (31 ft 6 in)|
|Draught:||4.74 m (15 ft 7 in)|
|Complement:||44-52 officers & ratings|
|Operations:||4–9 April 1945|
She was ordered on 14 September 1941, and was laid down on 23 September 1943 at Friedrich Krupp Germaniawerft, Kiel, as yard number 702. She was launched on 3 August 1944 and commissioned under the command of Oberleutnant zur See Johannes Panitz on 23 September of that year.
German Type VIIC/41 submarines were preceded by the heavier Type VIIC submarines. U-1065 had a displacement of 759 tonnes (747 long tons) when at the surface and 860 tonnes (850 long tons) while submerged. She had a total length of 67.10 m (220 ft 2 in), a pressure hull length of 50.50 m (165 ft 8 in), a beam of 6.20 m (20 ft 4 in), a height of 9.60 m (31 ft 6 in), and a draught of 4.74 m (15 ft 7 in). The submarine was powered by two Germaniawerft F46 four-stroke, six-cylinder supercharged diesel engines producing a total of 2,800 to 3,200 metric horsepower (2,060 to 2,350 kW; 2,760 to 3,160 shp) for use while surfaced, two AEG GU 460/8–27 double-acting electric motors producing a total of 750 metric horsepower (550 kW; 740 shp) for use while submerged. She had two shafts and two 1.23 m (4 ft) propellers. The boat was capable of operating at depths of up to 230 metres (750 ft).
The submarine had a maximum surface speed of 17.7 knots (32.8 km/h; 20.4 mph) and a maximum submerged speed of 7.6 knots (14.1 km/h; 8.7 mph). When submerged, the boat could operate for 80 nautical miles (150 km; 92 mi) at 4 knots (7.4 km/h; 4.6 mph); when surfaced, she could travel 8,500 nautical miles (15,700 km; 9,800 mi) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph). U-1065 was fitted with five 53.3 cm (21 in) torpedo tubes (four fitted at the bow and one at the stern), fourteen torpedoes, one 8.8 cm (3.46 in) SK C/35 naval gun, (220 rounds), one 3.7 cm (1.5 in) Flak M42 and two 2 cm (0.79 in) C/30 anti-aircraft guns. The boat had a complement of between forty-four and sixty.
U-1065 had a very short career. While she was commissioned on 23 September 1944, she was not assigned to a flotilla until 1 April 1945. She spent the intervening six months training with the 5th U-boat Flotilla. At the end of her training, she was formally assigned to the same flotilla. She began her first patrol on 4 April 1945, but was sunk after only six days at sea.
U-1065's first patrol took her from her home port of Kiel in northern Germany towards occupied Norway. However, while en route to Norway in company with another of the Flotilla's boats, U-804, the two submarines were detected and attacked in the Skagerrak strait by 34 de Havilland Mosquito aircraft from three separate Royal Air Force squadrons. During the attack, U-1065 was able to shoot down one of the Mosquitos with her anti-aircraft guns. However, she was then hit by several rockets from 10 separate Mosquitos from 143 and 235 Squadron; she exploded and sank with the loss of her entire crew of 45 men.
The accompanying vessel, U-804, was also hit by rockets from the Mosquitos during the altercation. She exploded and rapidly sank with the loss of her entire crew of 55 men.
- Helgason, Guðmundur. "U-1065". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 2 March 2010.
- Helgason, Guðmundur. "Type VIIC/41". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 2 March 2010.
- Gröner 1991, pp. 43-46.
- Helgason, Guðmundur. "U-Boat War in World War II: U-boat successes against aircraft". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 2 March 2010.
- Helgason, Guðmundur. "U-Boat War in World War II: U-804". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 2 March 2010.
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- Busch, Rainer; Röll, Hans-Joachim (1999). Deutsche U-Boot-Verluste von September 1939 bis Mai 1945 [German U-boat losses from September 1939 to May 1945]. Der U-Boot-Krieg (in German). IV. Hamburg, Berlin, Bonn: Mittler. ISBN 3-8132-0514-2.
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