German submarine U-1165

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
U995 2004 1.jpg
U-995 Type VIIC/41 at the Laboe Naval Memorial. This U-boat is almost identical to U-1165.
History
Nazi Germany
Name: U-1165
Ordered: 14 October 1941
Builder: Danziger Werft AG, Danzig
Yard number: 137
Laid down: 31 December 1942
Launched: 20 July 1943
Commissioned: 17 November 1943
Fate: Surrendered on 9 May 1945 at Narvik, Norway
General characteristics (VIIC/41)[1]
Class and type: Type VIIC/41 submarine
Displacement:
  • 759 tonnes (747 long tons) surfaced
  • 860 t (846 long tons) submerged
Length:
Beam:
  • 6.20 m (20 ft 4 in) o/a
  • 4.70 m (15 ft 5 in) pressure hull
Height: 9.60 m (31 ft 6 in)
Draught: 4.74 m (15 ft 7 in)
Installed power:
  • 2,800–3,200 PS (2,100–2,400 kW; 2,800–3,200 bhp) (diesels)
  • 750 PS (550 kW; 740 shp) (electric)
Propulsion:
Speed:
  • 17.7 knots (32.8 km/h; 20.4 mph) surfaced
  • 7.6 knots (14.1 km/h; 8.7 mph) submerged
Range:
  • 8,500 nmi (15,700 km; 9,800 mi) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph) surfaced
  • 80 nmi (150 km; 92 mi) at 4 knots (7.4 km/h; 4.6 mph) submerged
Test depth:
  • 230 m (750 ft)
  • Calculated crush depth: 250–295 m (820–968 ft)
Complement: 44-52 officers & ratings
Armament:
Service record
Part of:
Commanders:
Operations: 4 patrols
Victories: 1 warship sunk (39 tons)

German submarine U-1165 was a Type VIIC/41 U-boat built for Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine for service during World War II. She was laid down on 31 December 1941 by Danziger Werft, Danzig as yard number 137, launched on 20 July 1943 and commissioned on 17 November 1943 under Oberleutnant zur See Hans Homann.

Design[edit]

Like all Type VIIC/41 U-boats, U-1165 had a displacement of 759 tonnes (747 long tons) when at the surface and 860 tonnes (850 long tons) while submerged. She had a total length of 67.23 m (220 ft 7 in), a pressure hull length of 50.50 m (165 ft 8 in), a beam length of 6.20 m (20 ft 4 in), and a draught length of 4.74 m (15 ft 7 in).[3] The submarine was powered by two Germaniawerft F46 supercharged six-cylinder four-stroke diesel engines producing a total of 2,800 to 3,200 metric horsepower (2,060 to 2,350 kW; 2,760 to 3,160 shp) and two SSW GU 343/38-8 double-acting electric motors producing a total of 750 metric horsepower (550 kW; 740 shp) for use while submerged. The boat was capable of operating at a depth of 250 metres (820 ft).[3]

The submarine had a maximum surface speed of 17.7 knots (32.8 km/h; 20.4 mph) and a submerged speed of 7.6 knots (14.1 km/h; 8.7 mph). When submerged, the boat could operate for 80 nautical miles (150 km; 92 mi) at 4 knots (7.4 km/h; 4.6 mph); when surfaced, she could travel 8,500 nautical miles (15,700 km; 9,800 mi) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph).[3] U-1165 was fitted with five 53.3 cm (21 in) torpedo tubes (four fitted at the bow and one at the stern), fourteen torpedoes or 26 TMA or TMB Naval mines, one 8.8 cm (3.46 in) SK C/35 naval gun, (220 rounds), one 3.7 cm (1.5 in) Flak M42 and two 2 cm (0.79 in) C/30 anti-aircraft guns. Its complement was between forty-four and sixty.[3]

Armament[edit]

FLAK weaponry[edit]

U-1165 was mounted with two 2cm Flak C38 in a M 43U Zwilling mount with short folding shield on the upper Wintergarten.[4] The M 43U mount was used on a number of U-boats (U-249, U-250, U-278, U-337, U-475, U-853, U-1023, U-1058, U-1109, U-1105 and U-1306).

Service history[edit]

The boat's service career began on 17 November 1943 with the 8th Training Flotilla, followed by active service with 9th Flotilla on 1 June 1944, followed by 11th Flotilla on 1 August 1944. U-1165 took part in no wolfpacks. U-1165 surrendered on 9 May 1945 at Narvik, Norway. She was transferred to Loch Eriboll, Scotland on 19 May 1945. She was sunk on 30 December 1945 at 55°44′N 08°40′W / 55.733°N 8.667°W / 55.733; -8.667, as part of Operation Deadlight.

Summary of raiding history[edit]

Date Ship Nationality Tonnage[Note 1] Fate[5]
17 October 1944 BMO-527  Soviet Navy 39 Sunk

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Merchant ship tonnages are in gross register tons. Military vessels are listed by tons displacement.

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ Helgason, Guðmundur. "Type VIIC/41". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 25 March 2015. 
  2. ^ Helgason, Guðmundur. "Hans Homann". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 25 March 2015. [permanent dead link]
  3. ^ a b c d Gröner 1991, pp. 43-46.
  4. ^ Base on war-time photographs.
  5. ^ Helgason, Guðmundur. "Ships hit by U-1165". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 25 March 2015. 

Bibliography[edit]

  • Busch, Rainer; Röll, Hans-Joachim (1999). German U-boat commanders of World War II : a biographical dictionary. Translated by Brooks, Geoffrey. London, Annapolis, Md: Greenhill Books, Naval Institute Press. ISBN 1-55750-186-6. 
  • Gröner, Erich; Jung, Dieter; Maass, Martin (1991). U-boats and Mine Warfare Vessels. German Warships 1815–1945. 2. Translated by Thomas, Keith; Magowan, Rachel. London: Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-85177-593-4.