German submarine U-116 (1941)

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For other ships with the same name, see German submarine U-116.
History
Nazi Germany
Name: U-116
Ordered: 31 January 1939
Builder: Germaniawerft, Kiel
Yard number: 615
Laid down: 1 July 1939
Launched: 3 May 1941[1]
Commissioned: 26 July 1941[2]
General characteristics [3]
Class and type: Submarine minelayer
Displacement:
  • 1,763 tonnes (1,735 long tons) surfaced
  • 2,177 tonnes (2,143 long tons) submerged
Length:
Beam:
  • 9.20 m (30 ft 2 in) o/a
  • 4.75 m (15 ft 7 in) pressure hull
Height: 10.20 m (33 ft 6 in)
Draught: 4.71 m (15 ft 5 in)
Propulsion:
Range:
  • 18,450 nautical miles (34,170 km; 21,230 mi) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph) surfaced
  • 93 nmi (172 km; 107 mi) at 4 knots (7.4 km/h; 4.6 mph) submerged
Test depth: Calculated crush depth: 220 m (720 ft)
Complement: 5 officers, 47 enlisted
Armament:
Service record[4] [5]
Part of:
Commanders:
  • K.Kapt. Werner von Schmidt
  • (26 July 1941 - 10 September 1942)
  • Oblt.z.S. Wilhelm Grimme
  • (11 September - 6 October 1942)
Operations:
  • Four
  • 1st patrol:
  • 25 April - 5 May 1942
  • 2nd patrol:
  • 16 May - 9 June 1942
  • 3rd patrol:
  • 27 June - 23 August 1942
  • 4th patrol:
  • 22 September - 6 October 1942
Victories:
  • One commercial ship sunk (4,284 GRT)
  • One commercial ship damaged (7,093 GRT)

German submarine U-116 was a Type XB minelaying U-boat of Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine during World War II.

She was ordered on 31 January 1939 and laid down on 1 July at Friedrich Krupp Germaniawerft, Kiel, as yard number 615. She was launched on 3 May 1941 and commissioned under the command of Korvettenkapitän Werner von Schmidt on 26 July of that year.[4]

Service history[edit]

1st patrol[edit]

After a period of training as part of the 2nd U-boat Flotilla, U-116 was assigned to the front-line as part of the 1st U-boat Flotilla on 1 February 1942.[4] She sailed from Kiel on 4 April 1942, bound for Bergen, Norway, via Heligoland, and departed Bergen on 25 April, circling the British Isles before arriving at Lorient in occupied France, on 5 May.[6]

2nd patrol[edit]

U-116 sailed from Lorient on 16 May 1942 on a patrol to the mid-Atlantic lasting 25 days, arriving back at her homeport on 9 June, without any success.[7]

3rd patrol[edit]

U-116 was more successful on her third patrol which took her south to the coast of West Africa, attacking Convoy OS-33 south of the Azores on 12 July 1942. Soon after midnight she fired one torpedo at the 7,093 ton GRT merchant ship Cortona, causing some damage; although the ship was then sunk by U-201.[8] Nine hours later U-116 fired two torpedoes into the 4,284 ton British merchant ship Shaftesbury, which sank in 15 minutes.[9] The U-boat returned to Lorient on 23 August, after 58 days at sea.[10]

4th patrol[edit]

For her fourth patrol, U-116 sailed under the command of Oberleutnant zur See Wilhelm Grimme. Leaving Lorient on 22 September 1942,[11] she sent her last radio message on 6 October whilst in the North Atlantic at position 45°00′N 31°30′W / 45.000°N 31.500°W / 45.000; -31.500Coordinates: 45°00′N 31°30′W / 45.000°N 31.500°W / 45.000; -31.500, and was never heard from again. 56 men were lost with her.[2][4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kemp 1999, pp. 92-93.
  2. ^ a b Kemp, pp. 92-93.
  3. ^ Gröner 1991, pp. 76-77.
  4. ^ a b c d Helgason, Guðmundur. "The Type XB boat U-116". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 2009-12-20. 
  5. ^ Helgason, Guðmundur. "War Patrols by German U-boat U-116". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 2009-12-20. 
  6. ^ Helgason, Guðmundur. "Patrol of U-boat U-116 from 25 Apr 1942 to 5 May 1942". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 2009-12-20. 
  7. ^ Helgason, Guðmundur. "Patrol of U-boat U-116 from 16 May 1942 to 9 Jun 1942". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 2009-12-20. 
  8. ^ Helgason, Guðmundur. "Cortona (Steam merchant)". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 2009-12-20. 
  9. ^ Helgason, Guðmundur. "Shaftesbury (Steam merchant)". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 2009-12-20. 
  10. ^ Helgason, Guðmundur. "Patrol of U-boat U-116 from 27 Jun 1942 to 23 Aug 1942". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 2009-12-20. 
  11. ^ Helgason, Guðmundur. "Patrol of U-boat U-116 from 22 Sep 1942 to 6 Oct 1942". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 2009-12-20. 

Bibliography[edit]

  • Busch, Rainer; Röll, Hans-Joachim (1999). Deutsche U-Boot-Verluste von September 1939 bis Mai 1945. Der U-Boot-Krieg (in German) IV (Hamburg, Berlin, Bonn: Mittler). ISBN 3-8132-0514-2. 
  • Gröner, Erich; Jung, Dieter; Maass, Martin (1991). U-boats and Mine Warfare Vessels. German Warships 1815–1945 2. Translated by Thomas, Keith; Magowan, Rachel (London: Conway Maritime Press). ISBN 0-85177-593-4. 
  • Kemp, Paul (1999). U-Boats Destroyed - German Submarine Losses in the World Wars. London: Arms & Armour. ISBN 1-85409-515-3. 

External links[edit]

  • Hofmann, Markus. "U 116". Deutsche U-Boote 1935-1945 - u-boot-archiv.de (in German). Retrieved 2014-12-06. 
  • Helgason, Guðmundur. "The Type X boat U-116". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 6 December 2014.