German submarine U-1191

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U 570.jpg
Type VIIC submarine U-570 which looked almost identical to U-1191.
History
Nazi Germany
Name: U-1191
Ordered: 25 August 1941
Builder: F Schichau, Danzig
Yard number: 1561
Laid down: 4 November 1942
Launched: 6 July 1943
Commissioned: 9 September 1943
Fate: Sunk on 3 July 1944
General characteristics
Class and type: Type VIIC submarine
Displacement: 864.7 t (851 long tons) submerged
Length:
Beam:
  • 6.18 m (20 ft 3 in) o/a
  • 4.68 m (15 ft 4 in) pressure hull
Height: 9.60 m (31 ft 6 in)
Draught: 4.74 m (15 ft 7 in)
Installed power:
  • 2,800–3,200 PS (2,100–2,400 kW; 2,800–3,200 bhp) (diesels)
  • 750 PS (550 kW; 740 shp) (electric)
Propulsion:
Speed:
  • 17.6 knots (32.6 km/h; 20.3 mph) surfaced
  • 7.5 knots (13.9 km/h; 8.6 mph) submerged
Range:
  • 8,500 nmi (15,700 km; 9,800 mi) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph) surfaced
  • 80 nmi (150 km; 92 mi) at 4 knots (7.4 km/h; 4.6 mph) submerged
Test depth:
  • 220 m (720 ft)
  • Crush depth: 250–295 m (820–968 ft)
Complement: 50 crew
Armament:
Service record
Part of:
Commanders:
Operations: 1 Patrol
Victories: None

German submarine U-1191 was a Type VIIC U-boat of Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine during World War II.[1]

Construction[edit]

The U-1191 was laid down on 4 November 1942 at the F Schichau shipyard in Danzig, Poland. She was launched on 6 July 1943 and commissioned on 9 September 1943 under the command of Oberleutnant zur See Peter Grau.[2]

A cross-section of a Type VIIC U-boat.

When she was completed, the submarine was 67.10 metres (220 ft 2 in) long, with a beam of 6.18 metres (20 ft 3 in), a height of 9.60 metres (31 ft 6 in) and a draft of 4.74 metres (15 ft 7 in). She was assessed at 864.7 t (851 long tons) submerged. The submarine was powered by two Germaniawerft F46 four-stroke, six-cylinder supercharged diesel engines producing a total of 2,800 to 3,200 metric horsepower (2,060 to 2,350 kW; 2,760 to 3,160 shp) for use while surfaced and two AEG GU 460/8-276 double-acting electric motors producing a total of 750 metric horsepower (550 kW; 740 shp) for use while submerged. She had two shafts and two 1.23 m (4 ft) propellers. The submarine was capable of operating at depths of up to 230 metres (750 ft), had a maximum surface speed of 17.6 knots (32.6 km/h; 20.3 mph) and a maximum submerged speed of 7.5 knots (13.9 km/h; 8.6 mph).When submerged, the U-boat could operate for 80 nautical miles (150 km; 92 mi) at 4 knots (7.4 km/h; 4.6 mph) and when surfaced, she could travel 8,500 nautical miles (15,700 km; 9,800 mi) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph).[3]

The submarine was fitted with five 53.3 cm (21 in) torpedo tubes (four fitted at the bow and one at the stern), fourteen torpedoes, one 8.8 cm (3.46 in) deck gun (220 rounds), one 3.7 cm (1.5 in) Flak M42 and two twin 2 cm (0.79 in) C/30 anti-aircraft guns. The boat had a complement of 44 to 57 men.[3]

Service history[edit]

U-1191 was used as a Training ship in the 8th U-boat Flotilla from 9 September 1943 to 30 April 1944, before serving in the 7th U-boat Flotilla for active service on 1 May 1944. She was fitted with a Schnorchel underwater-breathing apparatus in April 1944.[2]

Patrol and loss[edit]

During her active service, U-1191 made 1 patrol. She left Stavanger with 50 crew on 22 May 1944 for her first patrol and patrolled the North Atlantic, North of the Faroe Islands, West off the coast of Ireland and northwest of France.[2]

On 3 July 1944 during her patrol in the English Channel, U-1191 was sunk by depth charges from the British frigates HMS Affleck and HMS Balfour southwest of Brighton, England, ending her first and only patrol during World War II after 43 days. All 50 crew members on board were lost. She was first listed as missing and it was thought that she had been sunk by a mine or by human error instead of by depth charges. In total U-1191 spent 50 days at sea.[2]

Wreck[edit]

The wreck of U-1191 was located in 1995 at a depth of 64 m (210 ft 0 in) and lay in nearly the same position as U-269 , which was sunk only days before U-1191's demise. The wreck is located at 50°03′N 02°59′W / 50.050°N 2.983°W / 50.050; -2.983.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Hofmann, Markus (2 February 2014). "U-1191". Deutsche U-Boote 1935-1945 - u-boot-archiv.de (in German). Retrieved 8 April 2016. 
  2. ^ a b c d Helgason, Guðmundur (1995). "U-1191". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 8 April 2016. 
  3. ^ a b "U-1191 (+1944)". wrecksite.eu. 29 November 2009. Retrieved 8 April 2016. 

Bibliography[edit]

  • Busch, Rainer; Röll, Hans-Joachim (1999). German U-boat commanders of World War II : a biographical dictionary. Translated by Brooks, Geoffrey. London, Annapolis, Md: Greenhill Books, Naval Institute Press. ISBN 1-55750-186-6. 
  • Gröner, Erich; Jung, Dieter; Maass, Martin (1991). U-boats and Mine Warfare Vessels. German Warships 1815–1945. 2. Translated by Thomas, Keith; Magowan, Rachel. London: Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-85177-593-4.