German submarine U-1195

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History
Nazi Germany
Name: U-1195
Ordered: 25 August 1941
Builder: F Schichau GmbH, Danzig
Yard number: 1565
Laid down: 6 February 1943
Launched: 2 September 1943
Commissioned: 4 November 1943
Fate: Sunk by HMS Watchman by depth charges on 7 April 1945 to the south east of the Isle of Wight at 50°33′22.26″N 0°56′17.81″W / 50.5561833°N 0.9382806°W / 50.5561833; -0.9382806Coordinates: 50°33′22.26″N 0°56′17.81″W / 50.5561833°N 0.9382806°W / 50.5561833; -0.9382806[1]
General characteristics
Class and type: Type VIIC submarine
Displacement:
  • 769 tonnes (757 long tons) surfaced
  • 871 t (857 long tons) submerged
Length:
Beam:
  • 6.20 m (20 ft 4 in) o/a
  • 4.70 m (15 ft 5 in) pressure hull
Height: 9.60 m (31 ft 6 in)
Draught: 4.74 m (15 ft 7 in)
Installed power:
  • 2,800–3,200 PS (2,100–2,400 kW; 2,800–3,200 bhp) (diesels)
  • 750 PS (550 kW; 740 shp) (electric)
Propulsion:
Speed:
  • 17.7 knots (32.8 km/h; 20.4 mph) surfaced
  • 7.6 knots (14.1 km/h; 8.7 mph) submerged
Range:
  • 8,500 nmi (15,700 km; 9,800 mi) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph) surfaced
  • 80 nmi (150 km; 92 mi) at 4 knots (7.4 km/h; 4.6 mph) submerged
Test depth:
  • 230 m (750 ft)
  • Crush depth: 250–295 m (820–968 ft)
Complement: 4 officers, 40–56 enlisted
Armament:

German submarine U-1195 was a Type VIIC U-boat of Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine.

Her keel was laid down 6 February 1943, by F. Schichau, of Danzig. She was commissioned 4 November 1943.[2]

Design[edit]

German Type VIIC submarines were preceded by the shorter Type VIIB submarines. U-1195 had a displacement of 769 tonnes (757 long tons) when at the surface and 871 tonnes (857 long tons) while submerged.[3] She had a total length of 67.10 m (220 ft 2 in), a pressure hull length of 50.50 m (165 ft 8 in), a beam of 6.20 m (20 ft 4 in), a height of 9.60 m (31 ft 6 in), and a draught of 4.74 m (15 ft 7 in). The submarine was powered by two Germaniawerft F46 four-stroke, six-cylinder supercharged diesel engines producing a total of 2,800 to 3,200 metric horsepower (2,060 to 2,350 kW; 2,760 to 3,160 shp) for use while surfaced, two AEG GU 460/8–27 double-acting electric motors producing a total of 750 metric horsepower (550 kW; 740 shp) for use while submerged. She had two shafts and two 1.23 m (4 ft) propellers. The boat was capable of operating at depths of up to 230 metres (750 ft).[3]

The submarine had a maximum surface speed of 17.7 knots (32.8 km/h; 20.4 mph) and a maximum submerged speed of 7.6 knots (14.1 km/h; 8.7 mph).[3] When submerged, the boat could operate for 80 nautical miles (150 km; 92 mi) at 4 knots (7.4 km/h; 4.6 mph); when surfaced, she could travel 8,500 nautical miles (15,700 km; 9,800 mi) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph). U-1195 was fitted with five 53.3 cm (21 in) torpedo tubes (four fitted at the bow and one at the stern), fourteen torpedoes, one 8.8 cm (3.46 in) SK C/35 naval gun, 220 rounds, and an anti-aircraft gun. The boat had a complement of between forty-four and sixty.[3]

Service history[edit]

Under the command of Ernst Cordes, she sank the SS James Eagan Layne[4] on 21 March 1945. Another account shows James Egan Layne was sunk by U-399, and instead credits U-1195 with the destruction of the Liberty Ship John R. Park.[5][6]

U-1195 attacked Convoy VWP 16 in the English Channel, sinking the troop transport SS Cuba[1] on 6 April 1945. She was sunk by one of the convoy's escorts, the Royal Navy destroyer HMS Watchman (D26), using a Hedgehog antisubmarine mortar[7] on 7 April 1945 to the southeast of the Isle of Wight at 50°33′22.26″N 0°56′17.81″W / 50.5561833°N 0.9382806°W / 50.5561833; -0.9382806 (WGS84) in 30 metres (98 feet) of water.[1] Fifty crew members were alive when she sank; however, only 14 survived.[6][8]

Summary of raiding history[edit]

Date Ship Name Nationality Tonnage (GRT) Fate[9]
21 March 1945 John R. Park  United States 7,194 Sunk
6 April 1945 Cuba  United Kingdom 11,420 Sunk

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Dive Wight and Hampshire, Martin Pritchard and Kendal McDonald, ISBN 0-946020-15-9
  2. ^ Helgason, Guðmundur. "The Type VIIC boat U-1195". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 8 December 2014. 
  3. ^ a b c d Gröner 1991, pp. 43-46.
  4. ^ Dive South Cornwall, wreck of JEL, p43, Richard Larn, ISBN 0-946020-25-6
  5. ^ Patrol Data for U-1195, retrieved 2011-10-31 
  6. ^ a b Innes McCartney (2002). Lost Patrols: Submarine Wrecks of the English Channel. 
  7. ^ "HMS Watchman, destroyer". 
  8. ^ "Submarine Casualties Booklet". U.S. Naval Submarine School. 1966. Retrieved 2009-09-08. 
  9. ^ Helgason, Guðmundur. "Ships hit by U-1195". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 9 December 2014. 

Bibliography[edit]

  • Busch, Rainer; Röll, Hans-Joachim (1999). German U-boat commanders of World War II : a biographical dictionary. Translated by Brooks, Geoffrey. London, Annapolis, Md: Greenhill Books, Naval Institute Press. ISBN 1-55750-186-6. 
  • Busch, Rainer; Röll, Hans-Joachim (1999). Deutsche U-Boot-Verluste von September 1939 bis Mai 1945 [German U-boat losses from September 1939 to May 1945]. Der U-Boot-Krieg (in German). IV. Hamburg, Berlin, Bonn: Mittler. ISBN 3-8132-0514-2. 
  • Gröner, Erich; Jung, Dieter; Maass, Martin (1991). U-boats and Mine Warfare Vessels. German Warships 1815–1945. 2. Translated by Thomas, Keith; Magowan, Rachel. London: Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-85177-593-4. 

External links[edit]