German submarine U-1302

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Career (Nazi Germany)
Name: U-1302
Ordered: 2 April 1942
Builder: Flensburger Schiffbau-Gesellschaft, Flensburg
Laid down: 2 March 1943
Launched: 4 April 1944
Commissioned: 25 May 1944
Fate: Sunk 7 March 1945 in St George's Channel.
General characteristics (VIIC/41)[1]
Class and type: Type VIIC/41 submarine
Displacement: 759 tonnes (747 long tons) surfaced
860 t (846 long tons) submerged[2]
Length: 67.1 m (220 ft 2 in) (o/a)
50.5 m (165 ft 8 in) (pressure hull)[3]
Beam: 6.2 m (20 ft 4 in) o/a
4.7 m (15 ft 5 in) (pressure hull)[3]
Height: 9.6 m (31 ft 6 in)[3]
Draft: 4.74 m (15 ft 7 in)[3]
Installed power: 2 × supercharged Germaniawerft, 6-cylinder, 4-stroke F 46 diesels[2] totalling 2,800–3,200 PS (2,800–3,200 shp; 2,100–2,400 kW). Max rpm: 470–490[3]
2 × AEG GU 460/8-276 double-acting electric motors,[2] totalling 750 PS (740 shp; 550 kW) and max rpm: 296[3]
Propulsion: 2 × shafts
2 × 1.23 m (48 in) propellers[2]
Speed: 17.7 knots (32.8 km/h; 20.4 mph) surfaced
7.6 knots (14.1 km/h; 8.7 mph) submerged[3]
Range: 8,500 nautical miles (15,700 km; 9,800 mi) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph) surfaced
80 nmi (150 km; 92 mi) at 4 knots (7.4 km/h; 4.6 mph) submerged[3]
Test depth: 230 m (750 ft)
Calculated crush depth: 250–295 m (820–968 ft)
Complement: 4 officers 40 – 56 enlisted[2]
Armament:
Service record
Part of:

Kriegsmarine:
4th U-boat Flotilla (Training)

11th U-boat Flotilla (Front Boat)
Commanders: Wolfgang Herwartz
Operations: 1
Victories: 3

German submarine U-1302 was a Type VIIC/41 U-boat of Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine for service in World War II. She was commissioned on 25 May 1944.

U-1302 served with 4th U-boat Flotilla for training and later with 11th U-boat Flotilla from 1 January 1945 to 7 March 1945.

U-1302 completed one patrol between February and March 1945, sinking three ships totalling 8,386 gross register tons (GRT).[4]

Design[edit]

Like all Type VIIC/41 U-boats, U-1302 had a displacement of 759 tonnes (747 long tons) when at the surface and 860 tonnes (850 long tons) while submerged. It had a total length of 67.20 m (220 ft 6 in), a pressure hull length of 50.50 m (165 ft 8 in), a beam length of 6.20 m (20 ft 4 in), and a draught length of 4.74 m (15 ft 7 in).[5] The submarine was powered by two Germaniawerft six-cylinder supercharged four-stroke F 46 diesel engines producing a total of 2,800 to 3,200 metric horsepower (2,760 to 3,160 shp; 2,060 to 2,350 kW) and two AEG GU 460/8-276 double-acting electric motors producing a total of 750 metric horsepower (740 shp; 550 kW) for use while submerged. It was capable of operating at a depth of 250 metres (820 ft).[5]

The submarine had a maximum surface speed of 17.7 knots (32.8 km/h; 20.4 mph) and a submerged speed of 7.6 knots (14.1 km/h; 8.7 mph). When submerged, it could operate for 80 nautical miles (150 km; 92 mi) at 4 knots (7.4 km/h; 4.6 mph); when surfaced, it could travel 8,500 nautical miles (15,700 km; 9,800 mi) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph).[5] U-1302 was fitted with an 8.8 centimetres (3.5 in) SK C/35 naval gun and 220 rounds, an anti-aircraft gun, five 21 inches (530 mm) torpedo tubes (four on the bow and one on the stern) and fourteen torpedoes. Its complement was between forty-four and fifty-two.[5]

Fate[edit]

U-1302 was sunk with all hands on 7 March 1945 in St George's Channel, at position 52°19′N 05°23′W / 52.317°N 5.383°W / 52.317; -5.383, by depth charges from the Canadian frigates HMCS La Hulloise, HMCS Strathadam and HMCS Thetford Mines.[6]

Summary of raiding career[edit]

Date Ship Name Nationality Tonnage (GRT) Fate[7]
28 February 1945 Norfolk Coast  United Kingdom 646 Sunk
2 March 1945 King Edgar  United Kingdom 4,536 Sunk
2 March 1945 Novasli  Norway 3,204 Sunk

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Helgason, Guðmundur. "Type VIIC/41". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 2 March 2010. 
  2. ^ a b c d e Gröner 1985, p. 74.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h Gröner 1985, p. 72.
  4. ^ Helgason, Guðmundur. "Ships hit by U-1302". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 6 December 2014. 
  5. ^ a b c d Gröner 1985, p. 72, 74.
  6. ^ Helgason, Guðmundur. "The Type VII/C41 boat U-1302". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 6 December 2014. 
  7. ^ Helgason, Guðmundur. "Ships hit by U-1302". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 17 February 2014. 

Bibliography[edit]

  • Busch, Rainer; Röll, Hans-Joachim (1999). Deutsche U-Boot-Verluste von September 1939 bis Mai 1945. Der U-Boot-Krieg (in German) IV (Hamburg, Berlin, Bonn: Mittler). ISBN 3-8132-0514-2. 
  • Gröner, Erich (1985). U-Boote, Hilfskreuzer, Minenschiffe, Netzleger, Sperrbrecher. Die deutschen Kriegsschiffe 1815-1945 (in German) III (Koblenz: Bernard & Graefe). ISBN 3-7637-4802-4. 
  • Bishop, Chris (2006). Kriegsmarine U-Boats, 1939-45. London: Amber Books. ISBN 978-1-904687-96-2. 

External links[edit]

Helgason, Guðmundur. "The Type VIIC/41 boat U-1302". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 28 March 2010. 

Coordinates: 52°19′N 5°23′W / 52.317°N 5.383°W / 52.317; -5.383