German submarine U-1302

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History
Nazi Germany
Name: U-1302
Ordered: 2 April 1942
Builder: Flensburger Schiffbau-Gesellschaft, Flensburg
Yard number: 495
Laid down: 2 March 1943
Launched: 4 April 1944
Commissioned: 25 May 1944
Fate: Sunk 7 March 1945 in St George's Channel.
General characteristics (VIIC/41)[1]
Class and type: Type VIIC/41 submarine
Displacement:
  • 759 tonnes (747 long tons) surfaced
  • 860 t (846 long tons) submerged[2]
Length:
Beam:
  • 6.20 m (20 ft 4 in) o/a
  • 4.70 m (15 ft 5 in) (pressure hull)[3]
Height: 9.60 m (31 ft 6 in)[3]
Draught: 4.74 m (15 ft 7 in)[3]
Installed power:
  • 2,800–3,200 PS (2,100–2,400 kW; 2,800–3,200 bhp) (diesels)
  • 750 PS (550 kW; 740 shp) (electric)
Propulsion:
  • 2 × shafts
  • 2 × 1.23 m (48 in) propellers[2]
Speed:
  • 17.7 knots (32.8 km/h; 20.4 mph) surfaced
  • 7.6 knots (14.1 km/h; 8.7 mph) submerged[3]
Range:
  • 8,500 nautical miles (15,700 km; 9,800 mi) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph) surfaced
  • 80 nmi (150 km; 92 mi) at 4 knots (7.4 km/h; 4.6 mph) submerged[3]
Test depth:
  • 230 m (750 ft)
  • Calculated crush depth: 250–295 m (820–968 ft)
Complement: 4 officers 40 – 56 enlisted[2]
Armament:
Service record
Part of:
Commanders: Wolfgang Herwartz
Operations: 1
Victories: 3

German submarine U-1302 was a Type VIIC/41 U-boat of Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine for service in World War II. She was commissioned on 25 May 1944.

U-1302 served with 4th U-boat Flotilla for training and later with 11th U-boat Flotilla from 1 January 1945 to 7 March 1945.

U-1302 completed one patrol between February and March 1945, sinking three ships totalling 8,386 gross register tons (GRT).[4]

Design[edit]

German Type VIIC/41 submarines were preceded by the heavier Type VIIC submarines. U-1302 had a displacement of 759 tonnes (747 long tons) when at the surface and 860 tonnes (850 long tons) while submerged.[5] She had a total length of 67.10 m (220 ft 2 in), a pressure hull length of 50.50 m (165 ft 8 in), a beam of 6.20 m (20 ft 4 in), a height of 9.60 m (31 ft 6 in), and a draught of 4.74 m (15 ft 7 in). The submarine was powered by two Germaniawerft F46 four-stroke, six-cylinder supercharged diesel engines producing a total of 2,800 to 3,200 metric horsepower (2,060 to 2,350 kW; 2,760 to 3,160 shp) for use while surfaced, two AEG GU 460/8–27 double-acting electric motors producing a total of 750 metric horsepower (550 kW; 740 shp) for use while submerged. She had two shafts and two 1.23 m (4 ft) propellers. The boat was capable of operating at depths of up to 230 metres (750 ft).[5]

The submarine had a maximum surface speed of 17.7 knots (32.8 km/h; 20.4 mph) and a maximum submerged speed of 7.6 knots (14.1 km/h; 8.7 mph).[5] When submerged, the boat could operate for 80 nautical miles (150 km; 92 mi) at 4 knots (7.4 km/h; 4.6 mph); when surfaced, she could travel 8,500 nautical miles (15,700 km; 9,800 mi) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph). U-1302 was fitted with five 53.3 cm (21 in) torpedo tubes (four fitted at the bow and one at the stern), fourteen torpedoes, one 8.8 cm (3.46 in) SK C/35 naval gun, 220 rounds, and an anti-aircraft gun. The boat had a complement of between forty-four and sixty.[5]

Service history[edit]

U-1302 was sunk with all hands on 7 March 1945 in St George's Channel, at position 52°19′N 05°23′W / 52.317°N 5.383°W / 52.317; -5.383, by depth charges from the Canadian frigates HMCS La Hulloise, Strathadam, and Thetford Mines.[6]

Summary of raiding history[edit]

Date Ship Name Nationality Tonnage (GRT) Fate[7]
28 February 1945 Norfolk Coast  United Kingdom 646 Sunk
2 March 1945 King Edgar  United Kingdom 4,536 Sunk
2 March 1945 Novasli  Norway 3,204 Sunk

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Helgason, Guðmundur. "Type VIIC/41". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 2 March 2010. 
  2. ^ a b c Gröner 1985, p. 74.
  3. ^ a b c d e f Gröner 1985, p. 72.
  4. ^ Helgason, Guðmundur. "Ships hit by U-1302". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 6 December 2014. 
  5. ^ a b c d Gröner 1991, pp. 43-46.
  6. ^ Helgason, Guðmundur. "The Type VII/C41 boat U-1302". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 6 December 2014. 
  7. ^ Helgason, Guðmundur. "Ships hit by U-1302". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 17 February 2014. 

Bibliography[edit]

  • Busch, Rainer; Röll, Hans-Joachim (1999). German U-boat commanders of World War II : a biographical dictionary. Translated by Brooks, Geoffrey. London, Annapolis, Md: Greenhill Books, Naval Institute Press. ISBN 1-55750-186-6. 
  • Busch, Rainer; Röll, Hans-Joachim (1999). Deutsche U-Boot-Verluste von September 1939 bis Mai 1945 [German U-boat losses from September 1939 to May 1945]. Der U-Boot-Krieg (in German). IV. Hamburg, Berlin, Bonn: Mittler. ISBN 3-8132-0514-2. 
  • Gröner, Erich; Jung, Dieter; Maass, Martin (1991). U-boats and Mine Warfare Vessels. German Warships 1815–1945. 2. Translated by Thomas, Keith; Magowan, Rachel. London: Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-85177-593-4. 
  • Bishop, Chris (2006). Kriegsmarine U-Boats, 1939-45. London: Amber Books. ISBN 978-1-904687-96-2. 

External links[edit]

Helgason, Guðmundur. "The Type VIIC/41 boat U-1302". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 28 March 2010. 

Coordinates: 52°19′N 5°23′W / 52.317°N 5.383°W / 52.317; -5.383