German submarine U-132 (1941)

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For other ships with the same name, see German submarine U-132.
U132 LaPallice.jpg
U-132 returns to La Pallice
History
Nazi Germany
Name: U-132
Ordered: 7 August 1939
Builder: Vegesacker Werft GmbH, Bremen-Vegesack
Laid down: 10 August 1940
Launched: 10 April 1941
Commissioned: 29 May 1941
Fate: Sunk, 4 November 1942
General characteristics
Class and type: Type VIIC submarine
Displacement:
  • 769 tonnes (757 long tons) surfaced
  • 871 t (857 long tons) submerged
Length:
Beam:
  • 6.20 m (20 ft 4 in) o/a
  • 4.70 m (15 ft 5 in) pressure hull
Height: 9.60 m (31 ft 6 in)
Draught: 4.74 m (15 ft 7 in)
Installed power:
  • 2,800–3,200 PS (2,100–2,400 kW; 2,800–3,200 bhp) (diesels)
  • 750 PS (550 kW; 740 shp) (electric)
Propulsion:
Range:
  • 8,500 nmi (15,700 km; 9,800 mi) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph) surfaced
  • 80 nmi (150 km; 92 mi) at 4 knots (7.4 km/h; 4.6 mph) submerged
Test depth:
  • 230 m (750 ft)
  • Crush depth: 250–295 m (820–968 ft)
Complement: 4 officers, 40–56 enlisted
Armament:
Service record
Part of:
Commanders:
  • Oblt.z.S. Ernst Vogelsang
  • 29 May 1941 – 4 November 1942
Operations:
  • Four:
  • 1st patrol: 7 September – 21 October 1941
  • 2nd patrol: 15 January – 8 February 1942
  • 3rd patrol: 10 June – 16 August 1942
  • 4th patrol: 6 October – 4 November 1942
Victories:
  • Eight commercial ships sunk (32,964 GRT)
  • One warship sunk (2,216 tons)
  • One ship damaged (6,690 GRT)
  • One ship declared a total loss (4,367)

German submarine U-132 was a Type VIIC U-boat built for Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine for service during World War II. She was laid down on 10 August 1940 by Vegesacker Werft, Bremen-Vegesack as yard number 11, launched on 10 April 1941 and commissioned on 29 May that year under Oberleutnant zur See Ernst Vogelsang.

In four patrols, U-132 sank eight ships for a total of 32,964 gross register tons (GRT).[1] She was a member of three wolfpacks. The submarine was lost after an attack on Convoy SC-107 in November 1942.

Design[edit]

German Type VIIC submarines were preceded by the shorter Type VIIB submarines. U-132 had a displacement of 769 tonnes (757 long tons) when at the surface and 871 tonnes (857 long tons) while submerged.[2] She had a total length of 67.10 m (220 ft 2 in), a pressure hull length of 50.50 m (165 ft 8 in), a beam of 6.20 m (20 ft 4 in), a height of 9.60 m (31 ft 6 in), and a draught of 4.74 m (15 ft 7 in). The submarine was powered by two MAN 6-cylinder 4-stroke M 6 V 40/46 four-stroke, six-cylinder supercharged diesel engines producing a total of 2,800 to 3,200 metric horsepower (2,060 to 2,350 kW; 2,760 to 3,160 shp) for use while surfaced, two Brown, Boveri & Cie GG UB 720/8 double-acting electric motors producing a total of 750 metric horsepower (550 kW; 740 shp) for use while submerged. She had two shafts and two 1.23 m (4 ft) propellers. The boat was capable of operating at depths of up to 230 metres (750 ft).[2]

The submarine had a maximum surface speed of 17.7 knots (32.8 km/h; 20.4 mph) and a maximum submerged speed of 7.6 knots (14.1 km/h; 8.7 mph).[2] When submerged, the boat could operate for 80 nautical miles (150 km; 92 mi) at 4 knots (7.4 km/h; 4.6 mph); when surfaced, she could travel 8,500 nautical miles (15,700 km; 9,800 mi) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph). U-132 was fitted with five 53.3 cm (21 in) torpedo tubes (four fitted at the bow and one at the stern), fourteen torpedoes, one 8.8 cm (3.46 in) SK C/35 naval gun, 220 rounds, and an anti-aircraft gun. The boat had a complement of between forty-four and sixty.[2]

Service history[edit]

1st patrol[edit]

U-132 departed on her first patrol when she left Trondheim in Norway on 7 September 1941. Rounding the North Cape, she criss-crossed that part of the Barents Sea northwest of Murmansk before heading further east. She sank two Soviet ships, Argun and RT-8 Seld on 18 October.

The boat docked in Kirkenes, also in Norway, on 21 October.

2nd patrol[edit]

Having moved from Kirkenes back to Trondheim in late October 1941, U-132 commenced her second foray on 15 January 1942. Her route took her due west through the gap between Iceland and the Faroe Islands to a point 10 nmi (19 km; 12 mi) west of Reykjavík. Here she sank the United States Coast Guard Cutter Alexander Hamilton on the 29th.

She then moved to the port of La Pallice in occupied France, arriving on 8 February.

3rd patrol[edit]

The boat's most successful patrol began when she left La Pallice on 10 June 1942. Having crossed the Atlantic Ocean, she was attacked by the Canadian minesweeper HMCS Drummondville shortly after torpedoing Dinaric (see below), in the St. Lawrence Seaway. The warship's depth charges damaged the U-boat's ballast pumps and resulted in the loss of 4 m³ of fuel. She sank three ships in short order, Anastasios Pateras, Hainaut and Dinaric, all southeast of Cap Chat, Quebec on 6 July.

Fourteen days later, the submarine attacked Frederika Lensen near Anticosti Island. The ship was towed to Grand Valée Bay and beached, but with her back broken, she was declared a total loss.

The boat returned to La Pallice on 16 August.

4th patrol and loss[edit]

U-132 left La Pallice for the last time on 6 October 1942. Operating southeast of Cape Farewell (Greenland), she was triumphant after sinking Hobbema and Empire Lynx, but was sunk, probably by falling debris from the ammunition ship Haitmura when that vessel exploded, following an attack by U-132 and U-442 on 4 November.

47 men died with the U-boat; there were no survivors.[3]

Wolfpacks[edit]

U-132 took part in three wolfpacks, namely.

  • Endrass (12–17 June 1942)
  • Panther (13–19 October 1942)
  • Veilchen (20 October - 3 November 1942)

Previously recorded fate[edit]

Sunk on 5 November 1942 southeast of Cape Farewell by British aircraft of No. 120 Squadron RAF. This attack was on U-89 and caused severe damage to her.

Summary of raiding history[edit]

Date Ship Name Flag Tonnage Fate Position Deaths
18 October 1941 Argun  Soviet Union 3,487 Sunk 67°41′N 41°03′E / 67.683°N 41.050°E / 67.683; 41.050 Unknown
18 October 1941 RT-8 Seld  Soviet Union 608 Sunk 67°03′N 41°11′E / 67.050°N 41.183°E / 67.050; 41.183 Unknown
29 January 1942 USCGC Alexander Hamilton  United States 2,216 Sunk 64°10′N 22°56′W / 64.167°N 22.933°W / 64.167; -22.933 32
6 July 1942 Anastassios Pateras  Greece 3,382 Sunk 49°30′N 66°30′W / 49.500°N 66.500°W / 49.500; -66.500 3
6 July 1942 Dinaric  United Kingdom 2,555 Sunk 49°30′N 66°30′W / 49.500°N 66.500°W / 49.500; -66.500 4
6 July 1942 Hainaut  Belgium 4,312 Sunk 49°13′N 66°49′W / 49.217°N 66.817°W / 49.217; -66.817 1
20 July 1942 Frederika Lensen  United Kingdom 4,367 Total loss 49°22′N 65°12′W / 49.367°N 65.200°W / 49.367; -65.200 4
30 July 1942 Pacific Pioneer  United Kingdom 6,734 Sunk 43°30′N 60°35′W / 43.500°N 60.583°W / 43.500; -60.583 0
4 November 1942 Empire Lynx  United Kingdom 6,379 Sunk 55°20′N 40°01′W / 55.333°N 40.017°W / 55.333; -40.017 0
4 November 1942 Hatimura*  United Kingdom 6,690 Damaged 55°30′N 40°00′W / 55.500°N 40.000°W / 55.500; -40.000 28
4 November 1942 Hobbema  Netherlands 5,507 Sunk 55°28′N 39°52′W / 55.467°N 39.867°W / 55.467; -39.867 4

*Credit for sinking this vessel belongs to U-442

References[edit]

  1. ^ Helgason, Guðmundur. "The Type VIIC boat U-132". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 9 December 2014. 
  2. ^ a b c d Gröner 1991, pp. 43-46.
  3. ^ Helgason, Guðmundur. "Hatimura". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 2009-03-30. 

Bibliography[edit]

  • Busch, Rainer; Röll, Hans-Joachim (1999). Deutsche U-Boot-Verluste von September 1939 bis Mai 1945. Der U-Boot-Krieg (in German) IV (Hamburg, Berlin, Bonn: Mittler). ISBN 3-8132-0514-2. 
  • Gröner, Erich; Jung, Dieter; Maass, Martin (1991). U-boats and Mine Warfare Vessels. German Warships 1815–1945 2. Translated by Thomas, Keith; Magowan, Rachel (London: Conway Maritime Press). ISBN 0-85177-593-4. 

External links[edit]

  • Helgason, Guðmundur. "The Type VIIC boat U-132". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 9 December 2014. 
  • Hofmann, Markus. "U 132". Deutsche U-Boote 1935-1945 - u-boot-archiv.de (in German). Retrieved 9 December 2014.