German submarine U-182
|Ordered:||15 August 1940|
|Builder:||DeSchiMAG AG Weser, Bremen|
|Laid down:||7 April 1941|
|Launched:||3 March 1942|
|Commissioned:||30 June 1942|
|Fate:||Sunk on 16 May 1943 by a US warship north-west of Madeira|
|Class and type:||Type IXD2 submarine|
|Height:||10.20 m (33 ft 6 in)|
|Draught:||5.35 m (17 ft 7 in)|
|Test depth:||Calculated crush depth: 230 m (750 ft)|
|Boats & landing |
|Complement:||4-7 officer, 51-57 enlisted|
|Operations:||One: 9 December 1942 - 16 May 1943|
|Victories:||Five commercial ships sunk (30,071 GRT)|
German submarine U-182 was a Type IX D 2 U-boat of Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine which served in World War II. Her keel was laid down on 7 April 1941 at DeSchiMAG AG Weser, Bremen as yard number 1022; she was launched on 3 March 1942 and commissioned on 30 June of the same year.
She carried out a single war patrol, sinking five merchant vessels and spending 159 days at sea.
U-182 was probably sunk near Madeira on 16 May 1943 by USS MacKenzie. 61 crew members and three prisoners of war died. The boat had been unsuccessfully attacked by a USAAF B-24 Liberator the previous day.
German Type IXD2 submarines were considerably larger than the original Type IXs. U-182 had a displacement of 1,610 tonnes (1,580 long tons) when at the surface and 1,799 tonnes (1,771 long tons) while submerged. The U-boat had a total length of 87.58 m (287 ft 4 in), a pressure hull length of 68.50 m (224 ft 9 in), a beam of 7.50 m (24 ft 7 in), a height of 10.20 m (33 ft 6 in), and a draught of 5.35 m (17 ft 7 in). The submarine was powered by two MAN M 9 V 40/46 supercharged four-stroke, nine-cylinder diesel engines plus two MWM RS34.5S six-cylinder four-stroke diesel engines for cruising, producing a total of 9,000 metric horsepower (6,620 kW; 8,880 shp) for use while surfaced, two Siemens-Schuckert 2 GU 345/34 double-acting electric motors producing a total of 1,000 shaft horsepower (1,010 PS; 750 kW) for use while submerged. She had two shafts and two 1.85 m (6 ft) propellers. The boat was capable of operating at depths of up to 200 metres (660 ft).
The submarine had a maximum surface speed of 20.8 knots (38.5 km/h; 23.9 mph) and a maximum submerged speed of 6.9 knots (12.8 km/h; 7.9 mph). When submerged, the boat could operate for 121 nautical miles (224 km; 139 mi) at 2 knots (3.7 km/h; 2.3 mph); when surfaced, she could travel 12,750 nautical miles (23,610 km; 14,670 mi) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph). U-182 was fitted with six 53.3 cm (21 in) torpedo tubes (four fitted at the bow and two at the stern), 24 torpedoes, one 10.5 cm (4.13 in) SK C/32 naval gun, 150 rounds, and a 3.7 cm (1.5 in) SK C/30 with 2575 rounds as well as two 2 cm (0.79 in) C/30 anti-aircraft guns with 8100 rounds. The boat had a complement of fifty-five.
Summary of raiding history
|15 January 1943||Ocean Courage||United Kingdom||7,173||Sunk|
|17 February 1943||Llanashe||United Kingdom||4,836||Sunk|
|10 March 1943||Richard D. Spaight||United States||7,177||Sunk|
|5 April 1943||Aloe||United Kingdom||5,047||Sunk|
|1 May 1943||Adelfotis||Greece||5,838||Sunk|
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