German submarine U-189

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Career (Nazi Germany)
Name: U-189
Ordered: 4 November 1940
Builder: DeSchiMAG AG Weser, Bremen
Yard number: 1035
Laid down: 12 September 1941
Launched: 1 May 1942
Commissioned: August 1942
Fate: Sunk by a British aircraft, 23 April 1943
General characteristics [1]
Class and type: Type IXC/40 submarine
Displacement: 1,144 t (1,126 long tons) surfaced
1,257 t (1,237 long tons) submerged
Length: 76.76 m (251 ft 10 in) o/a
58.75 m (192 ft 9 in) pressure hull
Beam: 6.86 m (22 ft 6 in) o/a 4.44 m (14 ft 7 in) pressure hull
Height: 9.6 m (31 ft 6 in)
Draft: 4.67 m (15 ft 4 in)
Propulsion: 2 × MAN M 9 V 40/46 supercharged 9-cylinder diesel engines, 4,400 PS (4,340 shp; 3,236 kW)
2 × SSW GU 345/34 double-acting electric motors, 1,000 PS (986 shp; 735 kW)
Speed: 19 knots (35 km/h; 22 mph) surfaced
7.3 knots (13.5 km/h; 8.4 mph) submerged
Range: 13,850 nmi (25,650 km; 15,940 mi) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph) surfaced
63 nmi (117 km; 72 mi) at 4 knots (7.4 km/h; 4.6 mph) submerged
Test depth: 230 m (750 ft)
Complement: 4 officers, 44 enlisted
Armament:
Service record[2]
Part of: Kriegsmarine
4th U-boat Flotilla (training boat)
15 August 1942–1 April 1943
10th U-boat Flotilla
1 April–23 April 1943
Commanders: K.Kapt. Hellmut Kurrer
(15 August 1942–23 April 1943)
Operations: One patrol
Victories: None

German submarine U-189 was a Type IXC/40 U-boat of Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine built for service during World War II. Her keel was laid down on 12 September 1941 by DeSchiMAG AG Weser in Bremen as yard number 1035. She was launched on 1 May 1942 and commissioned on 15 August with Korvettenkapitän Hellmut Kurrer in command.

The U-boat's service began with training as part of the 4th U-boat Flotilla. She then moved to the 10th flotilla on 1 April 1943 for operations.

She was sunk by a British aircraft in April 1943.

Operational career[edit]

Patrol and loss[edit]

U-189‍ '​s patrol took her from Kiel on 3 April 1943, across the North Sea and into the Atlantic Ocean through the 'gap' between Greenland and Iceland.

She was sunk east of Cape Farewell (Greenland) by depth charges dropped by a British Liberator on 23 April 1943. Fifty-four men were killed; leaving no survivors.

Wolfpacks[edit]

U-189 took part in one wolfpack, namely.

  • Meise (21–23 April 1943)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gröner 1985, pp. 105-7.
  2. ^ Helgason, Guðmundur. "The Type IXC/40 boat U-189". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 23 July 2012. 

Bibliography[edit]

  • Busch, Rainer; Röll, Hans-Joachim (1999). Deutsche U-Boot-Verluste von September 1939 bis Mai 1945. Der U-Boot-Krieg (in German) IV (Hamburg, Berlin, Bonn: Mittler). ISBN 3-8132-0514-2. 
  • Gröner, Erich (1985). U-Boote, Hilfskreuzer, Minenschiffe, Netzleger, Sperrbrecher. Die deutschen Kriegsschiffe 1815-1945 (in German) III (Koblenz: Bernard & Graefe). ISBN 3-7637-4802-4. 

External links[edit]