German submarine U-212
|Career (Nazi Germany)|
|Ordered:||16 October 1939|
|Laid down:||17 May 1941|
|Launched:||11 March 1942|
|Commissioned:||25 April 1942|
|Fate:||Sunk by British warships on 21 July 1944|
|General characteristics |
|Class and type:||Type VIIC submarine|
|Displacement:||769 tonnes (757 long tons) surfaced
871 t (857 long tons) submerged
|Length:||67.1 m (220 ft 2 in) o/a
50.5 m (165 ft 8 in) pressure hull
|Beam:||6.2 m (20 ft 4 in) o/a
4.7 m (15 ft 5 in) pressure hull
|Draft:||4.74 m (15 ft 7 in)|
|Installed power:||Diesels: 2,800–3,200 PS (2,800–3,200 bhp; 2,100–2,400 kW)
Electric motors: 750 PS (740 shp; 550 kW)
|Propulsion:||2 × supercharged Germaniawerft 6-cylinder 4-stroke F46 diesel engines
2 × electric motors
|Speed:||17.7 knots (32.8 km/h; 20.4 mph) surfaced
7.6 knots (14.1 km/h; 8.7 mph) submerged
|Range:||8,500 nmi (15,700 km; 9,800 mi) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph) surfaced
80 nmi (150 km; 92 mi) at 4 knots (7.4 km/h; 4.6 mph) submerged
|Test depth:||230 m (750 ft)
Crush depth: 250–295 m (820–968 ft)
|Complement:||44–52 officers and ratings|
German submarine U-212 was a Type VIIC U-boat that served with the Kriegsmarine during World War II. Laid down on 17 May 1941 as yard number 641 at F. Krupp Germaniawerft in Kiel, she was launched on 11 March 1942 and commissioned on 25 April under the command of Oberleutnant zur See Helmut Vogler.
She was a member of thirteen wolfpacks. She carried out fifteen patrols, but sank only one ship.
She was sunk by British warships in July 1944.
1st to 6th patrols
Her first six patrols were of little interest; being confined to the waters of the north: around Iceland, Greenland, Bear Island and Jan Mayen Island. In that time (September 1942–July 1943), she was based at Narvik, Bergen and Hammerfest in Norway.
It was during this sortie that the boat could claim her only victim; the Soviet Majakovski, sunk by a mine on 5 August 1943, laid by U-212 on 31 July.
The submarine departed Bergen and Norwegian waters, on 11 October 1943. Passing through the gap between Iceland and the Faroe Islands, she headed for Newfoundland, docking at La Pallice / La Rochelle in occupied France, on 2 December.
Patrol number nine was U-212 's longest, at 63 days.
She was strafed by an unidentified Leigh Light - equipped aircraft on 14 January 1944. The 37mm AA gun malfunctioned after just one round was fired and the barrel of a 20mm weapon burst. No damage was inflicted by the air attack on the outbound U-boat.
On 25 February 1944, she met U-549 to transfer some radar detection equipment. Both submarines were caught on the surface by an unidentified Catalina flying boat. U-549 dived immediately, but U-212 chose to put up some resistance before joining her sister. The boat was not damaged.
She was also unsuccessfully attacked by an unidentified B-24 Liberator on 8 March while inbound.
If her ninth foray was her longest, her tenth and thirteenth outings were the shortest - three days each. They both started and finished in La Pallice.
This mission was also cut short; while sailing to interfere with the D-Day landings, the boat was attacked by two 57mm Tsetse cannon-firing Mosquitoes of No. 228 Squadron RAF. U-212 returned to base for repairs on 9 June 1944.
12th, 13th and 14th patrols
15th patrol and loss
Forty-nine men died; there were no survivors.
U-212 took part in thirteen wolfpacks, namely.
- Boreas (22 November - 9 December 1942)
- Eisbär (27 March - 5 April 1943)
- Siegfried (25–27 October 1943)
- Siegfried 1 (27–30 October 1943)
- Körner (30 October - 2 November 1943)
- Tirpitz 1 (2–8 November 1943)
- Eisenhart 4 (9–15 November 1943)
- Schill 3 (18–22 November 1943)
- Rügen (15–26 January 1944)
- Hinein (26 January - 3 February 1944)
- Igel 1 (3–17 February 1944)
- Hai 1 (17–22 February 1944)
- Preussen (22 February - 4 March 1944)
Summary of raiding career
|Date||Ship Name||Nationality||Tonnage (GRT)||Fate|
|5 August 1943||Majakovski||Soviet Union||80||Sunk|
- Busch, Rainer; Röll, Hans-Joachim (1999). Deutsche U-Boot-Verluste von September 1939 bis Mai 1945. Der U-Boot-Krieg (in German) IV (Hamburg, Berlin, Bonn: Mittler). ISBN 3-8132-0514-2.
- Gröner, Erich (1985). U-Boote, Hilfskreuzer, Minenschiffe, Netzleger, Sperrbrecher. Die deutschen Kriegsschiffe 1815-1945 (in German) III (Koblenz: Bernard & Graefe). ISBN 3-7637-4802-4.
- Bishop, Chris (2006). Kriegsmarine U-Boats, 1939-45. London: Amber Books. ISBN 978-1-904687-96-2.
- Helgason, Guðmundur. "The Type VIIC boat U-212". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 26 December 2014.
- Hofmann, Markus. "U 212". Deutsche U-Boote 1935-1945 - u-boot-archiv.de (in German). Retrieved 26 December 2014.