German submarine U-228

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Career (Nazi Germany)
Name: U-228
Ordered: 7 December 1940
Builder: Germaniawerft, Kiel
Yard number: 658
Laid down: 18 October 1941
Launched: 30 July 1942
Commissioned: 12 September 1942
Struck: 5 October 1944
Fate: Broken up, 1944-45
General characteristics [1]
Class and type: Type VIIC submarine
Displacement: 769 tonnes (757 long tons) surfaced
871 t (857 long tons) submerged
Length: 67.1 m (220 ft 2 in) o/a
50.5 m (165 ft 8 in) pressure hull
Beam: 6.2 m (20 ft 4 in) o/a
4.7 m (15 ft 5 in) pressure hull
Height: 9.6 m (31 ft 6 in)
Draft: 4.74 m (15 ft 7 in)
Propulsion: 2 × supercharged Germaniawerft 6-cylinder 4-stroke F46 diesel engines, totalling 2,800–3,200 PS (2,800–3,200 bhp; 2,100–2,400 kW). Max rpm: 470-490
2 × electric motors, totalling 750 PS (740 shp; 550 kW) and max rpm: 296
Speed: 17.7 knots (32.8 km/h; 20.4 mph) surfaced
7.6 knots (14.1 km/h; 8.7 mph) submerged
Range: 8,500 nmi (15,700 km; 9,800 mi) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph) surfaced
80 nmi (150 km; 92 mi) at 4 knots (7.4 km/h; 4.6 mph) submerged
Test depth: 230 m (750 ft)
Crush depth: 250–295 m (820–968 ft)
Complement: 44–52 officers & ratings
Armament:
Service record[2][3]
Part of: 5th U-boat Flotilla
(12 September 1942–28 February 1943)
6th U-boat Flotilla
(1 March 1943–5 October 1944)
Commanders: Kptlt. Erwin Christophersen
(12 September 1942–August 1944)
Kptlt. Herbert Engel
(August 1944–5 October 1944)
Operations: 1st patrol: 6 February–29 March 1943
2nd patrol: 4 May–19 July 1943
3rd patrol: 27 September–20 December 1943
4th patrol: 19–26 March 1944
5th patrol: 6–16 June 1944
6th patrol: 12 August–20 September 1944
Victories: None

German submarine U-228 was a Type VIIC U-boat built for Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine for service during World War II.

Built at the Friedrich Krupp Germaniawerft shipyard in Kiel, the U-boat was laid down on 18 October 1941, launched on 30 July 1942 and commissioned on 12 September 1942. U-228 served with the 5th U-boat Flotilla for training, and later with the 6th U-boat Flotilla from 1 March 1943 to 5 October 1944 as a front-line boat.[2]

U-228 completed six patrols without sinking any ships, but shot down two aircraft. She was damaged at Bergen, Norway, struck on 5 October 1944 and later broken up.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gröner 1985, pp. 72-74.
  2. ^ a b c Helgason, Guðmundur. "The Type VIIC boat U-228". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 2009-12-23. 
  3. ^ Helgason, Guðmundur. "War Patrols by German U-boat U-228". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 2009-12-23. 

Bibliography[edit]

  • Busch, Rainer; Röll, Hans-Joachim (1999). Deutsche U-Boot-Verluste von September 1939 bis Mai 1945. Der U-Boot-Krieg (in German) IV (Hamburg, Berlin, Bonn: Mittler). ISBN 3-8132-0514-2. 
  • Gröner, Erich (1985). U-Boote, Hilfskreuzer, Minenschiffe, Netzleger, Sperrbrecher. Die deutschen Kriegsschiffe 1815-1945 (in German) III (Koblenz: Bernard & Graefe). ISBN 3-7637-4802-4. 
  • Bishop, Chris (2006). Kriegsmarine U-Boats, 1939-45. London: Amber Books. ISBN 978-1-904687-96-2. 

External links[edit]