German submarine U-24 (1936)

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For other ships of the same name, see German submarine U-24.
U-9 IWM HU 1012.jpg
U-9, a typical Type IIB boat
History
Nazi Germany
Name: U-24
Ordered: 2 February 1935
Builder: Germaniawerft, Kiel
Yard number: 554
Laid down: 21 April 1936
Launched: 24 September 1936
Commissioned: 10 October 1936
Fate: Scuttled on 25 August 1944, at Constanza in the Black Sea
General characteristics
Class & type: IIB coastal submarine
Displacement:
  • 279 t (275 long tons) surfaced
  • 328 t (323 long tons) submerged
Length:
Beam:
  • 4.08 m (13 ft 5 in) (o/a)
  • 4.00 m (13 ft 1 in) (pressure hull)
Height: 8.60 m (28 ft 3 in)
Draught: 3.90 m (12 ft 10 in)
Installed power:
  • 700 PS (510 kW; 690 bhp) (diesels)
  • 410 PS (300 kW; 400 shp) (electric)
Propulsion:
Range:
  • 1,800 nmi (3,300 km; 2,100 mi) at 12 knots (22 km/h; 14 mph) surfaced
  • 35–43 nmi (65–80 km; 40–49 mi) at 4 knots (7.4 km/h; 4.6 mph) submerged
Test depth: 80 m (260 ft)
Complement: 3 officers, 22 men
Armament:
  • 3 × 53.3 cm (21 in) torpedo tubes
  • 5 × torpedoes or up to 12 TMA or 18 TMB
  • 1 × 2 cm (0.79 in) anti-aircraft gun
Service record
Part of:
Identification codes: M 24 897
Commanders:
  • Heinz Buchholz
  • Udo Behrens
  • Harald Jeppener-Haltenhoff
  • Udo Heilmann
  • Dietrich Borchert
  • Helmut Hennig
  • Hardo Rodler von Roithberg
  • Klaus Petersen
  • Clemens Schöler
  • Dieter Lenzmann
  • Martin Landt-Hayen
Operations: 20
Victories:
  • One ship sunk for a total of 961 GRT
  • five warships sunk for a total of 571 tons
  • one ship damaged of 7.661 GRT
  • one ship a total loss - 7,886 GRT

German submarine U-24 was a Type IIB U-boat that was in service of Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine during World War II. She was laid down on 21 April 1936 at the F. Krupp Germaniawerft in Kiel with yard number 554, launched on 24 September and commissioned into the Kriegsmarine on 10 October. Oberleutnant zur See Heinz Buchholz took command on 3 July 1937.

Design[edit]

German Type IIB submarines were enlarged versions of the original Type IIs. U-24 had a displacement of 279 tonnes (275 long tons) when at the surface and 328 tonnes (323 long tons) while submerged. Officially, the standard tonnage was 250 long tons (250 t), however.[1] The U-boat had a total length of 42.70 m (140 ft 1 in), a pressure hull length of 28.20 m (92 ft 6 in), a beam of 4.08 m (13 ft 5 in), a height of 8.60 m (28 ft 3 in), and a draught of 3.90 m (12 ft 10 in). The submarine was powered by two MWM RS 127 S four-stroke, six-cylinder diesel engines of 700 metric horsepower (510 kW; 690 shp) for cruising, two Siemens-Schuckert PG VV 322/36 double-acting electric motors producing a total of 460 metric horsepower (340 kW; 450 shp) for use while submerged. She had two shafts and two 0.85 m (3 ft) propellers. The boat was capable of operating at depths of up to 80–150 metres (260–490 ft).[1]

The submarine had a maximum surface speed of 12 knots (22 km/h; 14 mph) and a maximum submerged speed of 7 knots (13 km/h; 8.1 mph).[1] When submerged, the boat could operate for 35–42 nautical miles (65–78 km; 40–48 mi) at 4 knots (7.4 km/h; 4.6 mph); when surfaced, she could travel 3,800 nautical miles (7,000 km; 4,400 mi) at 8 knots (15 km/h; 9.2 mph). U-24 was fitted with three 53.3 cm (21 in) torpedo tubes at the bow, five torpedoes or up to twelve Type A torpedo mines, and a 2 cm (0.79 in) anti-aircraft gun. The boat had a complement of twentyfive.[1]

Fate[edit]

To serve in the 30th U-boat Flotilla, she was transported overland and via the Danube to the Black Sea. On 25 August 1944, U-24 was scuttled at Konstanza, on the Romanian Black Sea coast to prevent the advancing Soviet forces from capturing it. She was raised by the Soviet Union in early 1945, but sunk as target practice by the Soviet submarine M-120 on 26 May 1947, off Sevastopol (also sunk that same day was the former U-18).

Summary of raiding history[edit]

Date Name Nationality Tonnage
(GRT)
Fate[2]
9 November 1939 Carmarthen Coast  United Kingdom 961 Sunk (mine)
31 March 1943 Kreml  Soviet Union 7,661 Damaged
15 June 1943 BTSC Zashitnik (No 26)  Soviet Navy 441 Sunk
30 July 1943 Emba  Soviet Union 7,866 Total loss
22 August 1943 DB-36  Soviet Navy 9 Sunk
22 August 1943 DB-37  Soviet Navy 9 Sunk
31 October 1943 SKA-38  Soviet Navy 56 Sunk
12 May 1944 SKA-0376  Soviet Navy 56 Sunk

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Gröner 1991, pp. 39–40.
  2. ^ Helgason, Guðmundur. "Ships hit by U-24". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 29 December 2014. 

Bibliography[edit]

  • Busch, Rainer; Röll, Hans-Joachim (1999). Deutsche U-Boot-Verluste von September 1939 bis Mai 1945. Der U-Boot-Krieg (in German) IV (Hamburg, Berlin, Bonn: Mittler). ISBN 3-8132-0514-2. 
  • Gröner, Erich; Jung, Dieter; Maass, Martin (1991). U-boats and Mine Warfare Vessels. German Warships 1815–1945 2. Translated by Thomas, Keith; Magowan, Rachel (London: Conway Maritime Press). ISBN 0-85177-593-4. 

External links[edit]

  • Helgason, Guðmundur. "The Type IIB boat U-24". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 6 December 2014. 
  • Hofmann, Markus. "U 24". Deutsche U-Boote 1935-1945 - u-boot-archiv.de (in German). Retrieved 2014-12-06. 

Coordinates: 44°12′N 28°41′E / 44.200°N 28.683°E / 44.200; 28.683