German submarine U-269
|Career (Nazi Germany)|
|Ordered:||20 January 1941|
|Builder:||Bremer Vulkan, Bremen-Vegesack|
|Laid down:||18 September 1941|
|Launched:||24 June 1942|
|Commissioned:||19 August 1942|
|Fate:||Sunk by a British warship, 25 June 1944|
|General characteristics |
|Class and type:||Type VIIC submarine|
|Displacement:||769 tonnes (757 long tons) surfaced
871 t (857 long tons) submerged
|Length:||67.1 m (220 ft 2 in) o/a
50.5 m (165 ft 8 in) pressure hull
|Beam:||6.2 m (20 ft 4 in) o/a
4.7 m (15 ft 5 in) pressure hull
|Height:||9.6 m (31 ft 6 in)|
|Draft:||4.74 m (15 ft 7 in)|
|Propulsion:||2 × supercharged Germaniawerft 6-cylinder 4-stroke F46 diesel engines, totalling 2,800–3,200 PS (2,800–3,200 bhp; 2,100–2,400 kW). Max rpm: 470-490
2 × electric motors, totalling 750 PS (740 shp; 550 kW) and max rpm: 296.
|Speed:||17.7 knots (32.8 km/h; 20.4 mph) surfaced
7.6 knots (14.1 km/h; 8.7 mph) submerged
|Range:||8,500 nmi (15,700 km; 9,800 mi) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph) surfaced
80 nmi (150 km; 92 mi) at 4 knots (7.4 km/h; 4.6 mph) submerged
|Test depth:||230 m (750 ft)
Crush depth: 250–295 m (820–968 ft)
|Complement:||44–52 officers and ratings|
|Part of:||8th U-boat Flotilla
(August 1942–March 1943)
11th U-boat Flotilla
6th U-boat Flotilla
(November 1943–June 1944)
1st patrol: 23 March–23 April 1943
2nd patrol: 22 July–4 September 1943
3rd patrol: 4 November–15 December 1943
4th patrol: 22–28 May 1944
5th patrol: 6–25 June 1944
German submarine U-269 was a Type VIIC U-boat of Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine during World War II. The U-boat was laid down on 18 September 1941 by Bremer Vulkan at Bremen-Vegesack, launched on 24 June 1942 and commissioned on 19 August under the command of Oberleutnant zur See Karl-Heinrich Harlfinger.
During its career the submarine failed to sink or damage any vessels, but neither did it lose any crew members prior to its sinking on 25 June 1944.
U-269 first left Kiel on 16 March 1943 to operate from bases in Norway, carrying out two patrols in the Barents Sea in the summer of 1943, one under the command of Oberleutnant zur See Karl-Heinrich Harlfinger in March and April, and another under Oblt.z.S. Otto Hansen in July, August and September.
Reassigned to the 6th U-boat Flotilla, on 4 November 1943 the U-boat left Bergen for her third patrol in the Atlantic under the command of the newly promoted Kapitänleutnant Karl-Heinrich Harlfinger. On 1 December Allied forces attacked the U-boat, causing serious damage and forcing U-269 to abort her patrol. She reached St. Nazaire on the French Atlantic coast on the 15th.
In France, command was assumed by Oberleutnant zur See Georg Uhl, who made one short patrol in the Bay of Biscay in May 1944, then sailed from Brest on 6 June ("D-Day") to St. Peter Port, Guernsey, three days later sailing into the English Channel on her final patrol.
U-269 was sunk on 25 June 1944 south-east of Torquay, in position Coordinates: . The U-boat was detected by the Royal Navy frigate HMS Bickerton, of the 5th Support Group, which immediately attacked with depth charges. The first attack knocked out all the lights aboard the U-boat, while the second ruptured the seals on the drive shafts, allowing water to rush in. The frigate's third depth charge run destroyed pipes, valves and electrical connections. Realizing that the situation was hopeless, Uhl ordered U-269 to surface, and prepared to abandon and scuttle the boat. The submarine surfaced within range of the frigate, which had just dropped a fourth set of depth charges. The U-boat began to sink immediately, while the survivors swam away or escaped on rafts. Bickerton picked up the 39 survivors. There were 13 dead, including Captain Uhl.
U-269 took part in three wolfpacks, namely.
- Eisbär (27 March - 15 April 1943)
- Coronel (4–4 December 1943)
- Dragoner (22–28 May 1944)
- Kemp 1999, p. 199.
- Gröner 1985, pp. 72-74.
- Helgason, Guðmundur. "The Type VIIC boat U-269". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 8 April 2010.
- Helgason, Guðmundur. "War Patrols by German U-boat U-269". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 8 April 2010.
- Hofmann, Markus. "U 269". Deutsche U-Boote 1935-1945 - u-boot-archiv.de (in German). Retrieved 8 April 2010.
- Busch, Rainer; Röll, Hans-Joachim (1999). Deutsche U-Boot-Verluste von September 1939 bis Mai 1945. Der U-Boot-Krieg (in German) IV (Hamburg, Berlin, Bonn: Mittler). ISBN 3-8132-0514-2.
- Gröner, Erich (1985). U-Boote, Hilfskreuzer, Minenschiffe, Netzleger, Sperrbrecher. Die deutschen Kriegsschiffe 1815-1945 (in German) III (Koblenz: Bernard & Graefe). ISBN 3-7637-4802-4.
- McCartney, Innes (2002). Lost Patrols: Submarine Wrecks of the English Channel.
- Kemp, Paul (1999). U-Boats Destroyed - German Submarine Losses in the World Wars. London: Arms & Armour. ISBN 1-85409-515-3.
- Blüm, Jörg; Poppe, Joachim (2015). Versenkte Jugend. Erinnerungen eines deutschen U-Boot-Fahrers auf U-269 (in German) (Norderstedt: BoD – Books on Demand). ISBN 978-3-7347-7972-5.
- U-269 at ubootwaffe.net[dead link]
- Helgason, Guðmundur. "The Type VIIC boat U-269". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 26 December 2014.
- Hofmann, Markus. "U 269". Deutsche U-Boote 1935-1945 - u-boot-archiv.de (in German). Retrieved 26 December 2014.