German submarine U-26 (1936)
|Career (Nazi Germany)|
|Ordered:||17 December 1934|
|Builder:||DeSchiMAG AG Weser, Bremen|
|Laid down:||1 August 1935|
|Launched:||14 March 1936|
|Commissioned:||6 May 1936|
|Fate:||Scuttled 1 July 1940, southwest of Ireland. 48 survivors|
|General characteristics |
|Displacement:||862 t (848 long tons) surfaced
982 t (966 long tons) submerged
Official displacement was 712 tons standard
|Length:||72.39 m (237 ft 6 in)|
|Beam:||6.21 m (20 ft 4 in)|
|Draft:||4.3 m (14 ft 1 in)|
2 × MAN M8V40/46 8-cylinder diesel engines with 2,900–3,080 PS (2,860–3,040 shp; 2,130–2,270 kW)
2 × BBC GG UB720/8 double-acting electric motors with 1,000 PS (990 shp; 740 kW)
|Speed:||18.6 knots (34.4 km/h; 21.4 mph) surfaced
8.3 knots (15.4 km/h; 9.6 mph) submerged
|Range:||7,900 nmi (14,600 km; 9,100 mi) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph) surfaced
78 nmi (144 km; 90 mi) at 4 knots (7.4 km/h; 4.6 mph) submerged
|Test depth:||200 m (660 ft)|
|Complement:||4 officers, 39 enlisted|
2nd U-boat Flotilla
|Identification codes:||M 07 314|
|Victories:||11 ships sunk for a total of 48.645 GRT
One ship damaged for a total of 4,871 GRT
One warship damaged for a total of 530 tons
German submarine U-26 was one of the two Type IA ocean-going U-boats produced by Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine. Constructed in Bremen, U-26 was commissioned in May 1936. She experienced a short, but successful combat career, sinking eleven ships.
Until 1940, U-26 was primarily used as training vessel and for propaganda purposes by the German government. During her trials it was found that the Type IA submarine was difficult to handle due to her poor stability and slow dive rate.
In early 1940, the boat was called into combat duty due to the shortage of available submarines. U-26 participated in six war patrols, sinking eleven ships and badly damaging one other. On her first patrol laying mines, U-26 sank three merchant ships and damaged one British warship. On her second war patrol it became the first U-boat during World War II to enter the Mediterranean Sea. U-26 participated in three other successful patrols, sinking four additional merchant ships.
U-26 carried out six patrols between August 1939 and July 1940, during which she sank or damaged 12 ships.
The boat was scuttled southwest of Ireland after being badly damaged by depth charges dropped by the British Flower-class corvette HMS Gladiolus and an Australian Sunderland flying boat of No. 10 Squadron RAAF. The crew (48 men), all survived.
The U-boat in the film Raiders of the Lost Ark has the number U-26.
Summary of raiding history
|15 September 1939||Alex van Opstal||Belgium||5,965||Sunk (mine)|
|7 October 1939||Binnendijk||Netherlands||6,873||Sunk (mine)|
|13 November 1939||Loire||France||4,825||Sunk (mine)|
|22 November 1939||Elena R.||Greece||4,576||Sunk (mine)|
|12 February 1940||Nidarholm||Norway||3,482||Sunk|
|14 February 1940||Langleeford||United Kingdom||4,622||Sunk|
|15 February 1940||Steinstad||Norway||2,477||Sunk|
|21 April 1940||Cedarbank||United Kingdom||5,159||Sunk|
|26 June 1940||Frangoula B. Goulandris||Greece||6,701||Sunk|
|30 June 1940||Belmoira||Norway||3,214||Sunk|
|30 June 1940||Merkur||Estonia||1,291||Sunk|
|1 July 1940||Zarian||United Kingdom||4,871||Damaged|
- Busch, Rainer; Röll, Hans-Joachim (1999). Deutsche U-Boot-Verluste von September 1939 bis Mai 1945. Der U-Boot-Krieg (in German) IV (Hamburg, Berlin, Bonn: Mittler). ISBN 3-8132-0514-2.
- Gröner, Erich (1985). U-Boote, Hilfskreuzer, Minenschiffe, Netzleger, Sperrbrecher. Die deutschen Kriegsschiffe 1815-1945 (in German) III (Koblenz: Bernard & Graefe). ISBN 3-7637-4802-4.
- Williamson, Gordon (2005). Wolf Pack: The Story of the U-Boat in World War II. Osprey Publishing Limited.
- Helgason, Guðmundur. "The Type IA boat U-26". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 31 July 2006.
- ubootwaffe.net webpage about U-26[dead link]
- Hofmann, Markus. "U 26". Deutsche U-Boote 1935-1945 - u-boot-archiv.de (in German). Retrieved 2014-12-06.