German submarine U-29 (1936)

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U-33 - Unterseeboot (1936) in Brockhaus 1937.jpg
U-33, a typical Type VIIA boat
History
Nazi Germany
Name: U-29
Ordered: 1 April 1935
Builder: AG Weser, Bremen
Cost: 4,189,000 Reichsmark
Yard number: 910
Laid down: 2 January 1936
Launched: 29 August 1936
Commissioned: 16 November 1936
Decommissioned: 17 April 1944
Fate: Scuttled in Operation Regenbogen, 5 May 1945
Badge: Kriegsmarine Ensign
General characteristics
Class and type: Type VIIA submarine
Displacement:
  • 626 tonnes (616 long tons) surfaced
  • 745 t (733 long tons) submerged
Length:
  • 64.51 m (211 ft 8 in) o/a
  • 45.50 m (149 ft 3 in) pressure hull
Beam:
  • 5.85 m (19 ft 2 in) o/a
  • 4.70 m (15 ft 5 in) pressure hull
Height: 9.50 m (31 ft 2 in)
Draught: 4.37 m (14 ft 4 in)
Installed power:
  • 2,100–2,310 PS (1,540–1,700 kW; 2,070–2,280 bhp) (diesels)
  • 750 PS (550 kW; 740 shp) (electric)
Propulsion:
Range:
  • 6,200 nmi (11,500 km; 7,100 mi) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph) surfaced
  • 73–94 nmi (135–174 km; 84–108 mi) at 4 knots (7.4 km/h; 4.6 mph) submerged
Test depth:
  • 220 m (720 ft)
  • Crush depth: 230–250 m (750–820 ft)
Complement: 4 officers, 40–56 enlisted
Sensors and
processing systems:
Gruppenhorchgerät
Armament:
Service record[1][2]
Part of:
Identification codes: M 10 220
Commanders:
  • Heinz Fischer
  • 16 November 1936 – 31 October 1938
  • Georg-Heinz Michel
  • 1 November 1938 – 3 April 1939
  • Kptlt. Otto Schuhart
  • 4 April 1939 – 2 January 1941
  • Oblt.z.S. Georg Lassen
  • 3 January – 14 September 1941
  • Heinrich Hasenschar
  • 15 September 1941 – 5 May 1942
  • Oblt.z.S. Karl-Heinz Marbach
  • 6 May – 30 June 1942
  • Oblt.z.S. Rudolf Zorn
  • 15 November 1942 – 20 August 1943
  • Oblt.z.S. Eduard Aust
  • 21 August – 2 November 1943
  • Oblt.z.S. Ulrich-Philipp Graf von und zu Arco-Zinneberg
  • 3 November 1943 – 17 April 1944
Operations:
  • 1st patrol: 19 August – 26 September 1939
  • 2nd patrol: 14 November – 16 December 1939
  • 3rd patrol: 6 February – 12 March 1940
  • 4th patrol: 27 April – 4 May 1940
  • 5th patrol: 27 May – 11 July 1940
  • 6th patrol: 11 September – 1 October 1940
  • 7th patrol: 26 October – 3 December 1940
Victories:
  • 12 commercial ships sunk (67,277 GRT)
  • one warship sunk (22,500 GRT)

German submarine U-29 was a Type VIIA U-boat of Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine during World War II.

She was laid down on 2 January 1936, launched on 29 August and commissioned on 10 November. During her career U-29 was involved in seven war patrols under the command of Kapitänleutnant Otto Schuhart.

Design[edit]

As one of the first ten German Type VII submarines later designated as Type VIIA submarines, U-29 had a displacement of 626 tonnes (616 long tons) when at the surface and 745 tonnes (733 long tons) while submerged.[3] She had a total length of 64.51 m (211 ft 8 in), a pressure hull length of 45.50 m (149 ft 3 in), a beam of 5.85 m (19 ft 2 in), a height of 9.50 m (31 ft 2 in), and a draught of 4.37 m (14 ft 4 in). The submarine was powered by two MAN M 6 V 40/46 four-stroke, six-cylinder diesel engines producing a total of 2,100 to 2,310 metric horsepower (1,540 to 1,700 kW; 2,070 to 2,280 shp) for use while surfaced, two BBC GG UB 720/8 double-acting electric motors producing a total of 750 metric horsepower (550 kW; 740 shp) for use while submerged. She had two shafts and two 1.23 m (4 ft) propellers. The boat was capable of operating at depths of up to 230 metres (750 ft).[3]

The submarine had a maximum surface speed of 17 knots (31 km/h; 20 mph) and a maximum submerged speed of 8 knots (15 km/h; 9.2 mph).[3] When submerged, the boat could operate for 73–94 nautical miles (135–174 km; 84–108 mi) at 4 knots (7.4 km/h; 4.6 mph); when surfaced, she could travel 6,200 nautical miles (11,500 km; 7,100 mi) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph). U-29 was fitted with five 53.3 cm (21 in) torpedo tubes (four fitted at the bow and one at the stern), eleven torpedoes, one 8.8 cm (3.46 in) SK C/35 naval gun, 220 rounds, and an anti-aircraft gun. The boat had a complement of between forty-four and sixty.[3]

Service history[edit]

U-29 was responsible for the first British warship sunk in the war by enemy action, the aircraft carrier HMS Courageous, on 17 September 1939. Three days earlier U-39 had attempted to torpedo HMS Ark Royal, but missed and was sunk by three British destroyers. Two years later U-81 hit Ark Royal with one torpedo, sinking her, but with the loss of only one life.

The commander of the German submarine force, Commodore Karl Dönitz, regarded the sinking of Courageous as "a wonderful success" and it led to widespread jubilation in the Kriegsmarine (German navy). Grand Admiral Erich Raeder, commander of the Kriegsmarine, directed that Schuhart be awarded the Iron Cross First Class and that all other members of the U-29 crew receive the Iron Cross Second Class.[4]

During U-29's career, she sank twelve ships, totaling 67,277 gross register tons (GRT) and one warship of 22,500 tons. At the beginning of 1941, U-29 was removed from front line duty and reassigned to the 24th U-boat Flotilla as a training submarine. The U-boat was used in this role until 17 April 1944 when the she was decommissioned and used for instruction.[5]

Fate[edit]

U-29 was scuttled in Kupfermühlen Bay, (east of Flensburg), on 5 May 1945 as part of Operation Regenbogen. The wreck was still in situ as of 1993.[5]

Wolfpacks[edit]

U-29 took part in one wolfpack, namely.

Emblem[edit]

U-29's emblem was an oak leaf, with an anchor, and a knife or dagger. She also shared this emblem with U-3, U-120, U-747, U-1274 and U-1308.[6]

Summary of raiding history[edit]

Date Name of Ship Nationality Tonnage[Note 1] Fate[7]
8 September 1939 Regent Tiger  United Kingdom 10,176 Sunk
13 September 1939 Neptunia  United Kingdom 798 Sunk
14 September 1939 British Influence  United Kingdom 8,431 Sunk
17 September 1939 HMS Courageous  Royal Navy 22,500 Sunk
3 March 1940 Cato  United Kingdom 710 Sunk (mine)
4 March 1940 Pacific Reliance  United Kingdom 6,717 Sunk
4 March 1940 Thurston  United Kingdom 3,072 Sunk
16 March 1940 Slava  Yugoslavia 4,512 Sunk (mine)
26 June 1940 Dimitris  Greece 5,254 Sunk
1 July 1940 Adamastos  Greece 7,466 Sunk
2 July 1940 Athellaird  United Kingdom 8,999 Sunk
2 July 1940 Santa Margarita  Panama 4,919 Sunk
25 September 1940 Eurymedon  United Kingdom 6,223 Sunk

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Merchant ship tonnages are in gross register tons. Military vessels are listed by tons displacement.

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ Helgason, Guðmundur. "The Type VIIA boat U-29". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 2009-12-18. 
  2. ^ Helgason, Guðmundur. "War Patrols by German U-boat U-29". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 2009-12-18. 
  3. ^ a b c d Gröner 1991, pp. 43–44.
  4. ^ Blair, p. 91
  5. ^ a b Neistlé 2014, p. 31.
  6. ^ Helgason, Guðmundur. "Emblems". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 8 December 2014. 
  7. ^ Helgason, Guðmundur. "Ships hit by U-29". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 8 December 2014. 

Bibliography[edit]

  • Busch, Rainer; Röll, Hans-Joachim (1999). German U-boat commanders of World War II : a biographical dictionary. Translated by Brooks, Geoffrey. London, Annapolis, Md: Greenhill Books, Naval Institute Press. ISBN 1-55750-186-6. 
  • Gröner, Erich; Jung, Dieter; Maass, Martin (1991). U-boats and Mine Warfare Vessels. German Warships 1815–1945. 2. Translated by Thomas, Keith; Magowan, Rachel. London: Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-85177-593-4. 
  • Neistlé, Axel (2014). German U-Boat Losses during World War II: Details of Destruction. (2 ed.). Havertown: Frontline Books (published 30 June 2014). 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 49°57′N 15°34′W / 49.950°N 15.567°W / 49.950; -15.567