German submarine U-301
|Ordered:||6 August 1940|
|Builder:||Flender Werke, Lübeck|
|Laid down:||12 February 1941|
|Launched:||25 March 1942|
|Commissioned:||9 May 1942|
|Fate:||Sunk, 21 January 1943|
|Class and type:||Type VIIC submarine|
|Height:||9.60 m (31 ft 6 in)|
|Draught:||4.74 m (15 ft 7 in)|
|Complement:||4 officers, 40–56 enlisted|
German submarine U-301 was a Type VIIC U-boat of Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine during World War II. The submarine was laid down on 12 February 1941 at the Flender Werke yard at Lübeck, launched on 25 March 1942, and commissioned on 9 May 1942 under the command of Oberleutnant zur See Willy-Roderich Körner. During her short career the U-boat sailed on three combat patrols, without sinking or damaging any ships, before she was sunk on 21 January 1943.
German Type VIIC submarines were preceded by the shorter Type VIIB submarines. U-301 had a displacement of 769 tonnes (757 long tons) when at the surface and 871 tonnes (857 long tons) while submerged. She had a total length of 67.10 m (220 ft 2 in), a pressure hull length of 50.50 m (165 ft 8 in), a beam of 6.20 m (20 ft 4 in), a height of 9.60 m (31 ft 6 in), and a draught of 4.74 m (15 ft 7 in). The submarine was powered by two Germaniawerft F46 four-stroke, six-cylinder supercharged diesel engines producing a total of 2,800 to 3,200 metric horsepower (2,060 to 2,350 kW; 2,760 to 3,160 shp) for use while surfaced, two Garbe, Lahmeyer & Co. RP 137/c double-acting electric motors producing a total of 750 metric horsepower (550 kW; 740 shp) for use while submerged. She had two shafts and two 1.23 m (4 ft) propellers. The boat was capable of operating at depths of up to 230 metres (750 ft).
The submarine had a maximum surface speed of 17.7 knots (32.8 km/h; 20.4 mph) and a maximum submerged speed of 7.6 knots (14.1 km/h; 8.7 mph). When submerged, the boat could operate for 80 nautical miles (150 km; 92 mi) at 4 knots (7.4 km/h; 4.6 mph); when surfaced, she could travel 8,500 nautical miles (15,700 km; 9,800 mi) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph). U-301 was fitted with five 53.3 cm (21 in) torpedo tubes (four fitted at the bow and one at the stern), fourteen torpedoes, one 8.8 cm (3.46 in) SK C/35 naval gun, 220 rounds, and an anti-aircraft gun. The boat had a complement of between forty-four and sixty.
After training with the 5th U-boat Flotilla at Kiel, U-301 was transferred to the 1st U-boat Flotilla based at Brest in France, for front-line service on 1 October 1942. On that day U-301 departed Kiel and sailed out into the middle of the Atlantic, operating as part of wolfpacks 'Panther', 'Puma' and 'Südwärts', before arriving at Brest on 7 November.
Transferred to the 29th U-boat Flotilla on 1 January 1943, U-301 sailed on her third and final patrol on 20 January. The next day, U-301 was sunk west of Bonifacio, Corsica, in position Coordinates: by torpedoes from the British submarine HMS Sahib. According to Sahib's log the U-boat was first spotted proceeding on the surface early that morning at a distance of 4.5 miles (7.2 km). The Sahib closed to 2.6 miles (4.2 km) and into a more favourable position before firing a full salvo of six torpedoes at five second intervals. Three minutes later three explosions were heard, a large cloud of smoke was seen and it was noted that radio transmissions stopped. Sahib closed and recovered the only survivor from the 46 crew, 19-year-old Fähnrich zur See Wilhelm Rahn.
U-301 took part in three wolfpacks, namely.
- Panther (11–16 October 1942)
- Puma (16–26 October 1942)
- Südwärts (24–26 October 1942)
- Kemp 1999, p. 100.
- Helgason, Guðmundur. "The Type VIIC boat U-301". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 9 April 2010.
- Helgason, Guðmundur. "War Patrols by German U-boat U-301". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 9 April 2010.
- Gröner 1991, pp. 43-46.
- Helgason, Guðmundur. "Patrol of U-boat U-301 from 1 Oct 1942 to 7 Nov 1942". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 9 April 2010.
- Helgason, Guðmundur. "Patrol of U-boat U-301 from 3 Dec 1942 to 14 Dec 1942". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 9 April 2010.
- Hofmann, Markus. "U 301". Deutsche U-Boote 1935-1945 - www.u-boot-archiv.de. Retrieved 9 April 2010.
- "U-Boat Crew Lists U-301". ubootwaffe.net. Retrieved 9 April 2010.
- Busch, Rainer; Röll, Hans-Joachim (1999). Deutsche U-Boot-Verluste von September 1939 bis Mai 1945. Der U-Boot-Krieg (in German). IV. Hamburg, Berlin, Bonn: Mittler. ISBN 3-8132-0514-2.
- Gröner, Erich; Jung, Dieter; Maass, Martin (1991). U-boats and Mine Warfare Vessels. German Warships 1815–1945. 2. Translated by Thomas, Keith; Magowan, Rachel. London: Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-85177-593-4.
- Kemp, Paul (1999). U-Boats Destroyed - German Submarine Losses in the World Wars. London: Arms & Armour. ISBN 1-85409-515-3.
- U-boat Archive: "U 301" Interrogation of Sole Survivor
- Helgason, Guðmundur. "The Type VIIC boat U-301". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 26 December 2014.
- U-301 at ubootwaffe.net
- Hofmann, Markus. "U 301". Deutsche U-Boote 1935-1945 - u-boot-archiv.de (in German). Retrieved 26 December 2014.