German submarine U-319

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Career (Nazi Germany)
Name: U-319
Ordered: 14 October 1942
Builder: Flender Werke, Lübeck
Yard number: 319
Laid down: 18 November 1942
Launched: 16 October 1943
Commissioned: 4 December 1943
Fate: Sunk in the North Sea in July 1944 by a British aircraft
General characteristics
Class and type: Type VIIC/41 submarine
Displacement: 759 tonnes (747 long tons) surfaced
860 t (846 long tons) submerged
Length: 67.10 m (220 ft 2 in) o/a
50.5 m (165 ft 8 in) pressure hull
Beam: 6.2 m (20 ft 4 in) o/a
4.7 m (15 ft 5 in) pressure hull
Draft: 4.74 m (15 ft 7 in)
Propulsion: 2 × supercharged Germaniawerft 6-cylinder 4-stroke F46 diesel engines, totalling 2,800–3,200 PS (2,800–3,200 bhp; 2,100–2,400 kW). Max rpm: 470-490
2 × GL RP 137/c electric motors, totalling 750 PS (740 shp; 550 kW) and max rpm: 296.
Speed: 17.7 knots (32.8 km/h; 20.4 mph) surfaced
7.6 knots (14.1 km/h; 8.7 mph) submerged
Range: 8,500 nmi (15,700 km; 9,800 mi) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph) surfaced
80 nmi (150 km; 92 mi) at 4 knots (7.4 km/h; 4.6 mph) submerged
Test depth: 250 m (820 ft)
Crush depth: 275–325 m (902–1,066 ft)
Complement: 44–52 officers and ratings
Armament:
Service record[1][2]
Part of: 4th U-boat Flotilla
(4 December 1943–1 June 1944)
4th U-boat Flotilla
(1 June–15 July 1944)
Commanders: Oblt.z.S. Johannes Clemens
(4 December 1943–15 July 1944)
Operations: One patrol:
5–15 July 1944
Victories: None

German submarine U-319 was a Type VIIC/41 U-boat of Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine during World War II.

She carried out just one patrol, but did not sink any ships.

The boat was sunk in July 1944 by a British aircraft in the North Sea.

Service history[edit]

The submarine was laid down on 18 November 1942 by the Flender Werke yard at Lübeck as yard number 319, launched on 16 October 1943, and commissioned on 4 December under the command of Oberleutnant zur See Johannes Clemens.

She served with the 4th U-boat Flotilla for training, from 4 December 1943 to 1 June 1944 and the same organization for operations until her sinking on 15 July 1944.

Having made the short journey from Kiel in Germany to Stavanger in Norway in June 1944, she commenced her first and only patrol on 5 July.

Fate[edit]

U-319 was sunk by a British B-24 Liberator of 206 Squadron RAF in the North Sea, southwest of Lindesnes, on 15 July 1944. Fifty-one men from the U-boat died. There were no survivors. The aircraft failed to return; it was presumably shot down by the U-boat's anti-aircraft defences. A crewman's body was picked up the next day.[3][4] Clemens' remains were recovered and interred at the military cemetery in Stavanger.[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Helgason, Guðmundur. "The Type VIIC/41 boat U-319". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 19 August 2012. 
  2. ^ Helgason, Guðmundur. "War Patrols by German U-boat U-319". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 19 August 2012. 
  3. ^ Helgason, Guðmundur. "The Type VIIC/41 boat U-319". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. 
  4. ^ Kemp 1999, p. 203.
  5. ^ Hofmann, Markus. "U 319". Deutsche U-Boote 1935-1945 - u-boot-archiv.de (in German). Retrieved 1 February 2015. 

Bibliography[edit]

  • Gröner, Erich (1985). U-Boote, Hilfskreuzer, Minenschiffe, Netzleger, Sperrbrecher. Die deutschen Kriegsschiffe 1815-1945 (in German) III (Koblenz: Bernard & Graefe). ISBN 3-7637-4802-4. 
  • Busch, Rainer; Röll, Hans-Joachim (1999). Deutsche U-Boot-Verluste von September 1939 bis Mai 1945. Der U-Boot-Krieg (in German) IV (Hamburg; Berlin; Bonn: Mittler). ISBN 3-8132-0514-2. 
  • Kemp, Paul (1999). U-Boats Destroyed - German Submarine Losses in the World Wars. London: Arms & Armour. ISBN 1-85409-515-3. 

External links[edit]