German submarine U-372

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Career (Nazi Germany)
Name: U-372
Ordered: 23 September 1939
Builder: Howaldtswerke, Kiel
Yard number: 3
Laid down: 17 November 1939
Launched: 8 March 1941
Commissioned: 19 April 1941
Fate: Sunk 4 August 1942 in the Mediterranean in position 32°28′N 34°37′E / 32.467°N 34.617°E / 32.467; 34.617Coordinates: 32°28′N 34°37′E / 32.467°N 34.617°E / 32.467; 34.617, by depth charges from Royal Navy destroyers and an RAF Wellington bomber.
General characteristics [1]
Class and type: Type VIIC submarine
Displacement: 769 tonnes (757 long tons) surfaced
871 t (857 long tons) submerged
Length: 67.1 m (220 ft 2 in) o/a
50.5 m (165 ft 8 in) pressure hull
Beam: 6.2 m (20 ft 4 in) o/a
4.7 m (15 ft 5 in) pressure hull
Draft: 4.74 m (15 ft 7 in)
Propulsion: 2 × supercharged Germaniawerft 6-cylinder 4-stroke F46 diesel engines, totalling 2,800–3,200 PS (2,800–3,200 bhp; 2,100–2,400 kW). Max rpm: 470-490
2 × BBC GG UB 720/8 electric motors, totalling 750 PS (740 shp; 550 kW) and max rpm: 296
Speed: 17.7 knots (32.8 km/h; 20.4 mph) surfaced
7.6 knots (14.1 km/h; 8.7 mph) submerged
Range: 8,500 nmi (15,700 km; 9,800 mi) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph) surfaced
80 nmi (150 km; 92 mi) at 4 knots (7.4 km/h; 4.6 mph) submerged
Test depth: 230 m (750 ft)
Crush depth: 250–295 m (820–968 ft)
Complement: 44–52 officers & ratings
Armament: 5 × 53.3 cm (21 in) torpedo tubes (4 bow, 1 stern)
14 × torpedoes or 26 TMA mines
1 × 8.8 cm (3.46 in) deck gun (220 rounds)
Various AA guns
Service record[2]
Part of: 1st U-boat Flotilla
(2 January 1942 - 30 November 1942) - Training
1st U-boat Flotilla
(1 December 1942 - 1 March 1944)
Commanders: Kptlt. Heinz-Joachim Neumann
(2 January 1942 - 12 September 1942)
Operations: 1st patrol:
9 July 1941 - 13 August 1941
2nd patrol:
10 September 1941 - 13 October 1941
3rd patrol:
13 November 1941 - 16 December 1941
4th patrol:
17 January 1942 - 31 January 1942
5th patrol:
15 June 1942 - 12 July 1942
6th patrol:
27 July 1942 - 4 August 1942
Victories: 3 merchant ships sunk (11,751 GRT)
1 auxiliary warship sunk (14,650 GRT)

German submarine U-372 was a Type VIIC U-boat built for Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine for service during World War II. She was laid down on 17 November 1939 by Howaldtswerke, Kiel as construction number 3, launched on 8 March 1941 and commissioned on 19 April 1941 under Kapitänleutnant Heinz-Joachim Neumann.

Service History[edit]

The boat's career began with training at 1st U-boat Flotilla on 19 April 1941, followed by active service on 1 July 1941 as part of the 1st Flotilla until 13 December 1941, whence she joined 29th U-boat Flotilla for operations in the Mediterranean.

In 6 patrols she sank 3 merchant ships, for a total of 11,751 gross register tons (GRT), and an auxiliary warship of 14,650 GRT.

Wolfpacks[edit]

U-372 took part in three wolfpacks, namely

  • Brandenburg (15 September - 1 October 1941)
  • Störtebecker (16–19 November 1941)
  • Steuben (19 November - 2 December 1941)

Fate[edit]

U-372 was sunk on 4 August 1942 in the Mediterranean, SW of Haifa, in position 32°28′N 34°37′E / 32.467°N 34.617°E / 32.467; 34.617, by depth charges from Royal Navy destroyers HMS Sikh, HMS Zulu, HMS Croome, HMS Tetcott and an RAF Wellington bomber. All hands survived.

Summary of raiding career[edit]

Date Name Nationality Tonnage
(GRT)
Fate[3]
5 August 1941 Belgravian  United Kingdom 3,136 Sunk
5 August 1941 Swiftpool  United Kingdom 5,205 Sunk
19 September 1941 Baron Pentland  United Kingdom 3,410 Sunk
30 June 1942 HMS Medway  Royal Navy 14,650 Sunk

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gröner 1985, pp. 72-74.
  2. ^ Helgason, Guðmundur. "The Type VIIC boat U-372". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 3 November 2014. 
  3. ^ Helgason, Guðmundur. "Ships hit by U-372". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 3 November 2014. 

Bibliography[edit]

  • Busch, Rainer; Röll, Hans-Joachim (1999). Deutsche U-Boot-Verluste von September 1939 bis Mai 1945. Der U-Boot-Krieg (in German) IV (Hamburg, Berlin, Bonn: Mittler). ISBN 3-8132-0514-2. 
  • Gröner, Erich (1985). U-Boote, Hilfskreuzer, Minenschiffe, Netzleger, Sperrbrecher. Die deutschen Kriegsschiffe 1815–1945 (in German) III (Koblenz: Bernard & Graefe). ISBN 3-7637-4802-4. 
  • Sharpe, Peter (1998). U-Boat Fact File. Great Britain: Midland Publishing. ISBN 1-85780-072-9. 

External links[edit]