German submarine U-382

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History
Nazi Germany
Name: U-382
Ordered: 16 October 1939
Builder: Howaldtswerke, Kiel
Yard number: 13
Laid down: 30 July 1941
Launched: 21 March 1942
Commissioned: 25 April 1942
Fate: Sunk in Wilhelmshaven by British bombs, January 1945; raised in March; scuttled in May[1]
General characteristics
Class and type: Type VIIC submarine
Displacement:
  • 769 tonnes (757 long tons) surfaced
  • 871 t (857 long tons) submerged
Length:
Beam:
  • 6.20 m (20 ft 4 in) o/a
  • 4.70 m (15 ft 5 in) pressure hull
Height: 9.60 m (31 ft 6 in)
Draught: 4.74 m (15 ft 7 in)
Installed power:
  • 2,800–3,200 PS (2,100–2,400 kW; 2,800–3,200 bhp) (diesels)
  • 750 PS (550 kW; 740 shp) (electric)
Propulsion:
Speed:
  • 17.7 knots (32.8 km/h; 20.4 mph) surfaced
  • 7.6 knots (14.1 km/h; 8.7 mph) submerged
Range:
  • 8,500 nmi (15,700 km; 9,800 mi) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph) surfaced
  • 80 nmi (150 km; 92 mi) at 4 knots (7.4 km/h; 4.6 mph) submerged
Test depth:
  • 230 m (750 ft)
  • Crush depth: 250–295 m (820–968 ft)
Complement: 4 officers, 40–56 enlisted
Armament:
Service record[2][3]
Part of:
Commanders:
  • Kptlt. Herbert Juli
  • 25 April 1942 – 1 April 1943
  • Oblt.z.S. Leopold Koch
  • 1 April – 14 November 1943
  • Oblt.z.S. Rudolf Zorn
  • 15 November 1943 – 16 July 1944
  • Oblt.z.S. Ernst-August Gerke
  • May – 29 June 1944
  • Oblt.z.S. Hans-Dietrich Wilke
  • 25 August 1944 – 14 January 1945
  • Oblt.z.S. Günther Schimmel
  • 24 January – 20 March 1945
Operations:
  • 1st patrol: 10 September – 31 October 1942
  • 2nd patrol: 7 February – 8 March 1943
  • 3rd patrol: 8–24 April 1943
  • 4th patrol: 19 June – 7 September 1943
  • 5th patrol: 8 December 1943 – 26 January 1944
  • 6th patrol: 6–15 June 1944
  • 7th patrol: 10–19 September 1944
Victories: One ship damaged; 9,811 GRT

German submarine U-382 was a Type VIIC U-boat of Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine during World War II.

She carried out seven patrols before being sunk by British bombs in Wilhelmshaven in January 1945.

She was a member of eight wolfpacks.

She damaged one ship.

Design[edit]

German Type VIIC submarines were preceded by the shorter Type VIIB submarines. U-382 had a displacement of 769 tonnes (757 long tons) when at the surface and 871 tonnes (857 long tons) while submerged.[4] She had a total length of 67.10 m (220 ft 2 in), a pressure hull length of 50.50 m (165 ft 8 in), a beam of 6.20 m (20 ft 4 in), a height of 9.60 m (31 ft 6 in), and a draught of 4.74 m (15 ft 7 in). The submarine was powered by two Germaniawerft F46 four-stroke, six-cylinder supercharged diesel engines producing a total of 2,800 to 3,200 metric horsepower (2,060 to 2,350 kW; 2,760 to 3,160 shp) for use while surfaced, two Garbe, Lahmeyer & Co. RP 137/c double-acting electric motors producing a total of 750 metric horsepower (550 kW; 740 shp) for use while submerged. She had two shafts and two 1.23 m (4 ft) propellers. The boat was capable of operating at depths of up to 230 metres (750 ft).[4]

The submarine had a maximum surface speed of 17.7 knots (32.8 km/h; 20.4 mph) and a maximum submerged speed of 7.6 knots (14.1 km/h; 8.7 mph).[4] When submerged, the boat could operate for 80 nautical miles (150 km; 92 mi) at 4 knots (7.4 km/h; 4.6 mph); when surfaced, she could travel 8,500 nautical miles (15,700 km; 9,800 mi) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph). U-382 was fitted with five 53.3 cm (21 in) torpedo tubes (four fitted at the bow and one at the stern), fourteen torpedoes, one 8.8 cm (3.46 in) SK C/35 naval gun, 220 rounds, and an anti-aircraft gun. The boat had a complement of between forty-four and sixty.[4]

Service history[edit]

The submarine was laid down on 30 July 1941 at the Howaldtswerke yard at Kiel as yard number 13, launched on 21 March 1942 and commissioned on 25 April under the command of Kapitänleutnant Herbert Juli.

1st patrol[edit]

The boat's first patrol commenced with her departure from Kiel on 10 September 1942. Passing through the gap between Iceland and the Faroe Islands, she was depth charged by an unknown aircraft in mid-Atlantic on 12 October. The damage sustained was serious enough to cut the patrol short. The submarine docked in St. Nazaire in occupied France on the 31st.

2nd and 3rd patrols[edit]

Another depth charge attack by the escorts of Convoy UC 1 south of the Azores forced the boat to withdraw to Lorient on 8 March 1943.

During her third foray, she was depth charged for 16 hours by the escorts of Convoy HX 233 west of the Bay of Biscay before arriving at St. Nazaire on 24 April 1943.

4th, 5th and 6th patrols[edit]

This sortie (number four), took the boat to Liberia and the Ivory Coast on the west African coast and at 81 days, it was her longest.

During her fifth patrol, U-382 was attacked and severely damaged northeast of the Azores on 11 January 1944. Two days later, she was also attacked by destroyers of the USS Block Island hunter/killer group.

With the Allied landings at Normandy on 6 June 1944, the boat left St. Nazaire and docked further south at La Pallice on the 15th.

7th patrol[edit]

It was decided to move U-382 from France to Norway. She left La Pallice on 10 September 1944, negotiated the Iceland/Faroes 'gap' in the other direction and arrived in Bergen on 19 October.

Fate[edit]

Having sailed to Flensburg in November 1944, U-382 was sunk by the RAF in a raid on Wilhelmshaven in January 1945. She was raised on 20 March but scuttled on 8 May.

Wolfpacks[edit]

U-382 took part in eight wolfpacks, namely.

  • Luchs (27 September - 6 October 1942)
  • Panther (6–11 October 1942)
  • Leopard (12–13 October 1942)
  • Robbe (16–25 February 1943)
  • Without name (15–18 April 1943)
  • Borkum (18 December - 3 January 1944)
  • Borkum 1 (3–13 January 1944)
  • Rügen (13–15 January 1944)

Summary of raiding history[edit]

Date Ship Name Nationality Displacement Fate[5]
23 February 1943 Empire Norseman  United Kingdom 9,811 Damaged

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kemp 1999, p. 228.
  2. ^ Helgason, Guðmundur. "The Type VIIC boat U-382". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 6 September 2012. 
  3. ^ Helgason, Guðmundur. "War Patrols by German U-boat U-382". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 6 September 2012. 
  4. ^ a b c d Gröner 1991, pp. 43-46.
  5. ^ Helgason, Guðmundur. "Ships hit by U-382". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 26 December 2014. 

Bibliography[edit]

  • Busch, Rainer; Röll, Hans-Joachim (1999). Deutsche U-Boot-Verluste von September 1939 bis Mai 1945. Der U-Boot-Krieg (in German). IV. Hamburg, Berlin, Bonn: Mittler. ISBN 3-8132-0514-2. 
  • Gröner, Erich; Jung, Dieter; Maass, Martin (1991). U-boats and Mine Warfare Vessels. German Warships 1815–1945. 2. Translated by Thomas, Keith; Magowan, Rachel. London: Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-85177-593-4. 
  • Kemp, Paul (1999). U-Boats Destroyed - German Submarine Losses in the World Wars. London: Arms & Armour. ISBN 1-85409-515-3. 

External links[edit]