German submarine U-383

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Career (Nazi Germany)
Name: U-383
Ordered: 15 August 1940
Builder: Howaldtswerke, Kiel
Yard number: 14
Laid down: 29 March 1941
Launched: 22 April 1942
Commissioned: 6 June 1942
Fate: Sunk, 1 August 1943[1]
Badge: U-383.svg
General characteristics [2]
Class and type: Type VIIC submarine
Displacement: 769 tonnes (757 long tons) surfaced
871 t (857 long tons) submerged
Length: 67.1 m (220 ft 2 in) o/a
50.5 m (165 ft 8 in) pressure hull
Beam: 6.2 m (20 ft 4 in) o/a
4.7 m (15 ft 5 in) pressure hull
Height: 9.6 m (31 ft 6 in)
Draft: 4.74 m (15 ft 7 in)
Propulsion: 2 × supercharged Germaniawerft 6-cylinder 4-stroke F46 diesel engines, totalling 2,800–3,200 PS (2,800–3,200 bhp; 2,100–2,400 kW). Max rpm: 470-490
2 × GL RP 137/c electric motors, totalling 750 PS (740 shp; 550 kW) and max rpm: 296.
Speed: 17.7 knots (32.8 km/h; 20.4 mph) surfaced
7.6 knots (14.1 km/h; 8.7 mph) submerged
Range: 8,500 nmi (15,700 km; 9,800 mi) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph) surfaced
80 nmi (150 km; 92 mi) at 4 knots (7.4 km/h; 4.6 mph) submerged
Test depth: 230 m (750 ft)
Crush depth: 250–295 m (820–968 ft)
Complement: 44–52 officers and ratings
Armament:
Service record[3][4]
Part of: 8th U-boat Flotilla
(6 June–30 September 1942)
9th U-boat Flotilla
(1 October 1942–1 August 1943)
Commanders: Kptlt. Horst Kremser
(6 June 1942–1 August 1943)
Operations: 1st patrol: 17 October–9 December 1942
2nd patrol: 6 January–10 March 1943
3rd patrol: 17 April–25 May 1943
4th patrol: 27 July–1 August 1943
Victories: 1 commercial ship sunk (423 GRT)

German submarine U-383 was a Type VIIC U-boat of Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine during World War II.

The submarine was laid down on 29 March 1941 at the Howaldtswerke yard at Kiel, launched on 22 April 1942, and commissioned on 6 June under the command of Oberleutnant zur See Horst Kremser.[3]

Service history[edit]

U-383 served with the 8th U-boat Flotilla for training, and then operationally with the 9th flotilla from 1 October 1942 to 1 August 1943.[3] She completed four patrols in that time, sinking only one ship, the 423 gross register tons (GRT) Icelandic trawler Jon Olafsson on 24 October 1942,[5] during her first patrol.[4]

On the evening of 1 August 1943 U-383 was attacked west of Brittany, at position 47°24′N 12°10′W / 47.400°N 12.167°W / 47.400; -12.167Coordinates: 47°24′N 12°10′W / 47.400°N 12.167°W / 47.400; -12.167, by a Short Sunderland of No. 228 Squadron RAF. Responding with flak, the U-boat holed the fuselage and shot away the starboard float and aileron of the aircraft, which pressed home its attack and straddled the U-boat with depth charges before heading back to base. Kremser radioed for assistance, and though three U-boats and three torpedo boats searched during the night and the next day, they failed to locate the crippled U-383 and she was presumed lost.[3]

Wolfpacks[edit]

U-383 took part in ten wolfpacks, namely.

  • Puma (26–29 October 1942)
  • Natter (30 October - 8 November 1942)
  • Kreuzotter (8–18 November 1942)
  • Habicht (10–19 January 1943)
  • Haudegen (19 January - 15 February 1943)
  • Sturmbock (23–26 February 1943)
  • Amsel (22 April - 3 May 1943)
  • Amsel 2 (3–6 May 1943)
  • Elbe (7–10 May 1943)
  • Elbe 2 (10–14 May 1943)

Summary of raiding career[edit]

Date Ship Name Nationality Displacement Fate[6]
24 October 1942 Jon Olafsson  Iceland 423 Sunk

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kemp 1999, p. 138.
  2. ^ Gröner 1985, pp. 72-74.
  3. ^ a b c d Helgason, Guðmundur. "The Type VIIC boat U-383". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 2010-01-13. 
  4. ^ a b Helgason, Guðmundur. "War Patrols by German U-boat U-383". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 2010-01-13. 
  5. ^ Helgason, Guðmundur. "Jon Olafsson (Steam trawler)". Ships hit by U-boats - uboat.net. Retrieved 2010-01-13. 
  6. ^ Helgason, Guðmundur. "Ships hit by U-383". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 26 December 2014. 

Bibliography[edit]

  • Busch, Rainer; Röll, Hans-Joachim (1999). Deutsche U-Boot-Verluste von September 1939 bis Mai 1945. Der U-Boot-Krieg (in German) IV (Hamburg, Berlin, Bonn: Mittler). ISBN 3-8132-0514-2. 
  • Gröner, Erich (1985). U-Boote, Hilfskreuzer, Minenschiffe, Netzleger, Sperrbrecher. Die deutschen Kriegsschiffe 1815-1945 (in German) III (Koblenz: Bernard & Graefe). ISBN 3-7637-4802-4. 
  • Bishop, Chris (2006). Kriegsmarine U-Boats, 1939-45. London: Amber Books. ISBN 978-1-904687-96-2. 
  • Kemp, Paul (1999). U-Boats Destroyed - German Submarine Losses in the World Wars. London: Arms & Armour. ISBN 1-85409-515-3. 

External links[edit]